Climate Change Gwp Sea Myanmar 18 Sept 2009

1,736 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, News & Politics
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,736
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
108
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
22
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Climate Change Gwp Sea Myanmar 18 Sept 2009

  1. 1. 11 Effect of Climate ChangeEffect of Climate Change on Water Related Disasteron Water Related Disaster ManagementManagement Technical Discussion on “Water Related Disaster Management” Yangon-Myanmar, 18 September 2009Yangon-Myanmar, 18 September 2009 Prof. Robertus W. Triweko, Ph.D.Prof. Robertus W. Triweko, Ph.D. SC Member, INA WP & GWP SEASC Member, INA WP & GWP SEA
  2. 2. 22
  3. 3. Law No.7/2004 on Water ResourcesLaw No.7/2004 on Water Resources 1.1. Water resources conservation;Water resources conservation; 2.2. Water resources utilization;Water resources utilization; 3.3. Control of water related disaster;Control of water related disaster; 4.4. Strengthening the role of the government,Strengthening the role of the government, communities, and private sector in watercommunities, and private sector in water resources management;resources management; 5.5. Improving information system in waterImproving information system in water resources.resources. 33
  4. 4. Holistic approach in WRMHolistic approach in WRM 44 Water resources conservation Control of water related disaster Water resources utilization
  5. 5. 55 Climate Change, is it real?Climate Change, is it real? Fourth Assessment Report by Working Group II onFourth Assessment Report by Working Group II on IPCC(2007):IPCC(2007): Since 1850 – 1899 until 2001 – 2005, the average globalSince 1850 – 1899 until 2001 – 2005, the average global temperature increased by 0.76 C,temperature increased by 0.76 C, Between 1961 and 2003, the average sea level hasBetween 1961 and 2003, the average sea level has increased by 1.8 mm annually.increased by 1.8 mm annually. In the beginning of the twentieth century, the sea levelIn the beginning of the twentieth century, the sea level rose by 17 cm.rose by 17 cm. Anthropogenic activities are major contributor to theAnthropogenic activities are major contributor to the increasing global temperatureincreasing global temperature
  6. 6. Evidence of Natural Disaster in Indonesia In the period of 2003-2005, Indonesia experienced atIn the period of 2003-2005, Indonesia experienced at least 1,429 disasters, in which 53.3% related to hydro-least 1,429 disasters, in which 53.3% related to hydro- meteorology (34% was flooding and 16% landslidemeteorology (34% was flooding and 16% landslide).). In 2007, flood was the first rank disaster in IndonesiaIn 2007, flood was the first rank disaster in Indonesia with 152 cases, 75 cases of tornados, 56 cases ofwith 152 cases, 75 cases of tornados, 56 cases of landslides and other disasters such as tidal waveslandslides and other disasters such as tidal waves.. During El Nino years (1994, 1997,2002, 2003, 2004 andDuring El Nino years (1994, 1997,2002, 2003, 2004 and 2006) shown that 8 reservoirs in Java have produced2006) shown that 8 reservoirs in Java have produced electricity belectricity beelow normal capacities.low normal capacities. El Nino 1997 has caused serious problems to coral reefEl Nino 1997 has caused serious problems to coral reef ecosystems where 90-95% of coral reefs at the depth ofecosystems where 90-95% of coral reefs at the depth of 25m have experienced coral bleaching;25m have experienced coral bleaching; The availability of water is very dependent on theThe availability of water is very dependent on the climate.climate. 66 Hafied Gany (2009)
  7. 7. Observable Facts of Climate ChangeObservable Facts of Climate Change 1.1. Increasing ambient temperatureIncreasing ambient temperature 2.2. Increasing rainfall intensityIncreasing rainfall intensity 3.3. Rising seawater levelRising seawater level 4.4. Escalating extreme conditions, such as:Escalating extreme conditions, such as: • Extreme rainfall during dry seasonsExtreme rainfall during dry seasons • Extreme flooding, both its frequency and intensityExtreme flooding, both its frequency and intensity • Prolonged dry seasons, resulting in decreasingProlonged dry seasons, resulting in decreasing rainfall and river flowrainfall and river flow • Intensifying and increasing frequency of tropicalIntensifying and increasing frequency of tropical cyclonescyclones • Rising waves and increasing coastal abrasionRising waves and increasing coastal abrasion 77
  8. 8. Change of Mean Temperature in IndonesiaChange of Mean Temperature in Indonesia 88 DFID and World Bank, 2007
  9. 9. Change of Precipitation Pattern in IndonesiaChange of Precipitation Pattern in Indonesia 99 DFID and World Bank, 2007
  10. 10. Increasing Flood Events in IndonesiaIncreasing Flood Events in Indonesia 1010 150 186 191 297 399 430 607 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 2001/2002 2002/2003 2003/2004 2004/2005 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 Numberoffloodevents Year NUMBER OF FLOODS OCCURRED IN INDONESIA
  11. 11. LandslideLandslide FloodFlood DroughtDrought Coastal AbrasionCoastal Abrasion 1111
  12. 12. CLIMATE CHANGE, PROCESSES, CHARACTERISTICS AND THREATS (UNEP 2005) Human activities Main climate characteristics Climate Major threats Change processes DGWR-MPW, RoI (2009)
  13. 13. MPW PolicyMPW Policy 1.1. Implement safe, comfortable, productive, andImplement safe, comfortable, productive, and sustainable national and regional spatial plans.sustainable national and regional spatial plans. 2.2. Improve the service quality of water resourcesImprove the service quality of water resources infrastructure to ensure national food resilience andinfrastructure to ensure national food resilience and reduce susceptibility against floods, landslides andreduce susceptibility against floods, landslides and droughts.droughts. 3.3. Improve the service quality of urban and ruralImprove the service quality of urban and rural infrastructure to reduce susceptibility against potentialinfrastructure to reduce susceptibility against potential floods/ inundation, water and sanitation crisis.floods/ inundation, water and sanitation crisis. 4.4. Improve the service quality of road infrastructure to fulfillImprove the service quality of road infrastructure to fulfill the community’s socioeconomic needs for mobility andthe community’s socioeconomic needs for mobility and accessibility.accessibility. 1313
  14. 14. 1414 Mitigation StrategyMitigation Strategy 1.1. Carry out water management on peat mossCarry out water management on peat moss areas to reduce the susceptibility against fireareas to reduce the susceptibility against fire hazard;hazard; 2.2. Conserve swamp areas through stabilization ofConserve swamp areas through stabilization of ground water level;ground water level; 3.3. Support reforestation in critical river basins andSupport reforestation in critical river basins and upstream areas.upstream areas.
  15. 15. Adaptation StrategyAdaptation Strategy  Improve yield capacity of river basins to support water preservationImprove yield capacity of river basins to support water preservation process·process·  Build, manage, and/or rehabilitate dams and water reservoirs toBuild, manage, and/or rehabilitate dams and water reservoirs to anticipate seasonal flow fluctuationanticipate seasonal flow fluctuation  Build, manage, and/or rehabilitate irrigation network to retainBuild, manage, and/or rehabilitate irrigation network to retain national food resilience·national food resilience·  Develop new irrigation technology that supports agriculturalDevelop new irrigation technology that supports agricultural intensificationintensification  Develop disaster risks management for floods and landslidesDevelop disaster risks management for floods and landslides  Build/maintain coastal structures to prevent coastal abrasion andBuild/maintain coastal structures to prevent coastal abrasion and seawater intrusion·seawater intrusion·  Build and/or maintain flood control infrastructure in cities with highBuild and/or maintain flood control infrastructure in cities with high disaster susceptibility·disaster susceptibility·  Organize water saving campaignOrganize water saving campaign 1515
  16. 16. 1616 Water, Infrastructure, and EnvironmentWater, Infrastructure, and Environment Social & Economical Activities Infra- structure Water Environment Natural Resources Water Resources Management (+) Impacts(-)
  17. 17. 1717 ConclusionsConclusions Climate change has a direct impact to waterClimate change has a direct impact to water related disaster. Solving water related disaster,related disaster. Solving water related disaster, however, is not merely for the sake of climatehowever, is not merely for the sake of climate change.change. Assessment to the effectiveness of the waterAssessment to the effectiveness of the water resources infrastructure in solving water relatedresources infrastructure in solving water related disaster is needed.disaster is needed. Efforts in coping water related disaster should beEfforts in coping water related disaster should be integrated in water resources management thatintegrated in water resources management that covers water resources conservation and watercovers water resources conservation and water resources utilization.resources utilization.
  18. 18. 1818 Thank You
  19. 19. ReferencesReferences DFID and World Bank, Working Paper: Indonesia and ClimateWorking Paper: Indonesia and Climate Change Current Status and PoliciesChange Current Status and Policies, March 2007, March 2007 Hafied A. Gany, Overview Of Climate Changes And Water RelatedOverview Of Climate Changes And Water Related Problems In IndonesiaProblems In Indonesia,, Seminar on Climate Change Adaptation in Water Resources Development and Management, Jakarta, 28 January 2009 Ministry of Public Works-Republic of Indonesia,Ministry of Public Works-Republic of Indonesia, National Action PlanNational Action Plan For Climate Change Mitigation And Adaptation In Public WorksFor Climate Change Mitigation And Adaptation In Public Works InfrastructureInfrastructure, 2009, 2009 Sugiyanto, Water Resources Policy and Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change, Seminar on Climate Change Adaptation in Water Resources Development and Management, Jakarta, 28 January 2009 1919

×