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Water Resources, Economic Growth and Environmental Sustainability

The Case of Kaliningrad Oblast and its Neighbours

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Water Resources, Economic Growth and Environmental Sustainability

  1. 1. Water Resources, Economic Growth and Environmental Sustainability The Case of Kaliningrad Oblast and its Neighbours BDF Summit 2011 Jakob Granit, Director Knowledge Services, SIWI Andreas Lindström, SIWI Vladimir Dmitrevsky, NDF Lina Kramen, NDF Tomasz Okruszko, GWP-PL Janusz Kindler, GWP-PL Bernardas Paukstys, GWP-LT Björn Guterstam, GWP HQ Nataliy Smorodinskaya, Russian Acacemy of Sciences Lennart Sorby, Sea and Water Authority Swe Mats Hellström, Färgfabriken
  2. 2. Presentation outline- Context - Baltic Sea Basin, Kaliningrad Oblast, Lithuania, Poland & other neighbors- Benefits from good water management & development- Ways foreward to realize benefits
  3. 3. The Kaliningrad Oblast and Surrounding Region
  4. 4. Common Challenges to the Baltic Sea as a Regional Public Good • Regional transport • Socio-economical development and impacts on water systems • Eutrophication – Diffuse sources: energy production, transport and agriculture – Dead sea bottoms & ecosystems threats – Coastal water degradation • Over fishing • ”Old sins” – garbage and ammunition dumps from WW1 & 2 • Meeting energy demand • Climate change
  5. 5. Neman River Basin Belaruse, Lithuania, Poland, Russia Kaliningrad Oblast (Latvia)• Make up 88% of annual surface water flow in the Kaliningrad Oblast• The Curonian lagoon mainly receives wastewater from the cities of Sovetsk, Neman and Krasnoznamensk• Is affected by agricultural and urban pollution when entering the territory of the Oblast Neman River• Catches of bream, eel, pikeperch have decreased in the Curonian lagoon• Transboundary system • EU Member and non-member states
  6. 6. Pregola River Basin Poland, Russia Kaliningrad Oblast, (Lithuania)• Make up 11% of annual surface water flow in the Kaliningrad Oblast• The Pregola is heavily polluted; especially in its lower reaches – Vistula lagoon – Large loads of suspended and organic substances• Wastewater is discharged – emergency outlets, city communal sewerage, rainwater and industrial wastewater• The self-cleaning capacity of the Pregola River river has been lost
  7. 7. Kaliningrad Oblast Water Challenges**Integrated information on the status of the water resourcesis hard to come by for surface and groundwater
  8. 8. Benefits from Good Water Management 1 Waters Role in Socio- Economic Development- Health and Wellbeing• Kaliningrad Oblast is lagging behind in terms of HDI compared to other Russian regions and the EU countries• HDI = life expectancy, access to knowledge, standard of living• Disease often connected to inadequate water supply and treatment systems• Absence because of water borne disease means days lost in work- and educational sectors
  9. 9. Benefits from Good Water Management 2 Waters Role in Socio- Economic Development- Productive UsesKaliningrad Oblast: the structure of GRP by sectors, 2008. Source:RosStat, National Accounts, 2010 (
  10. 10. Benefits from Good Water Management 3 Waters Role in Socio- Economic Development- Productive Uses• Water is a key component in several productive sectors – Metal-, wood,- energy,- chemical – and food/beverage• The agricultural sector can benefit greatly from diversification – Farming – The fishery sector (including recreational fishing)
  11. 11. Benefits from Good Water Management 4 Waters Role in Socio- Economic Development- Tourism• The natural conditions form a strong base to develop a water- related tourism/ recreational industry, shipping, navigation• Ideal gateway to Russia & Baltic Sea Region for domestic and foreign tourists• Potential unused because of polluted environment, poor water quality• Neighbouring countries demonstrate significant value gained in coastal & lake tourism
  12. 12. Benefits from Good Water Management 5 Regional Collaboration• Cooperation to address Baltic environment issues has a long history – HELCOM (BSAP), Northern Dimension – Baltic Sea Region Strategy 2009, Water Framework Directive and Marine Strategy Directive• Champion improving the freshwater and coastal zone ecosystems for economic gains• Kaliningrad and Russia can demonstrate leadership in managing a regional public good
  13. 13. Conclusions Kaliningrad Oblast and its Neighbours•The strategic water resources assets are to a large extend transboundary•The Russian Federation has a good water law – water management is fragmented between many institutions•Examples of effective water management in the Baltic Sea Region countriesdemonstrate major health, economic and ecosystem benefits – maintain high environmental status does not hurt economy•Health, tourism, productive industries and regional leadership are areas thatwould benefit from improved water management in Kaliningrad Oblast – deliver jobs and value•EU Water Framework Directive (WFD) implementation by Lithuania andPoland can support transboundary river basin planning and investment – Pregola and Neman river basins
  14. 14. Steps to Increasing Investment in Water Resources Management and Development1. Classification and characterization of the water resources assets and their use – In accordance with the Russian Water Act and the EU Water Framework Directive – Make use of HELCOM NIP and other investment identification processes – All riparians in the Neman and Pregola river basins in partnership • Include key stakeholders2. Strategic water resources planning including monitoring and evaluation programmes – Strategic basin planning (management and development) in the Kaliningrad Olbast enclave as a first step with EU neighbours Poland and Lithuania – Identify investment opportunties – Economic cost benefit analysis of interventions3. Secure investment financing to deliver results – Build investment appetite from both public and private sector investors in water related goods and services through outreach activities
  15. 15. How?• Build political commitment from Russia at federal level, Kaliningrad Oblast, Lithuania and Poland as a first step – High level meetings• Secure investment planning phase funding through a multi-country project – Utilize EU structural funds such as: • European Neighbourhood and Partnership Program (ENPI)/Baltic Sea Region Program; Northern Dimension Environmental Partnership (NDEP); Nordic Investment Bank (NIB)/Nordic Investment Finance Corporation (NEFCO); EBRD & other IFIs • National co-funding• Build commercial interests from public/private corporations