SustSan workshop: IWRM Toolbox by Danka Thalmeinerova

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SustSan workshop: IWRM Toolbox by Danka Thalmeinerova

  1. 1. IWRM ToolBox: on-line knowledge on IWRM Danka Thalmeinerova Global Water Partnership
  2. 2. Objective of the IWRM approach is not water management as such but human development. IWRM approach can only work if it does not focus exclusively on water.
  3. 3. 工具的构成A: Rules created by legislation, policy and financing structures B: Roles of agencies, utilities, RB authorities, regulators & other stakeholders C: Management practices
  4. 4. Dynamics in ToolBox Tools Case studies References Presentations Videos Critical Challenges theory action synthesis
  5. 5. 5 TOOLS complemented by case studies Send Case studies and References!!!!! TOOLS complemented by references
  6. 6. 6 Case study Regional Case studies
  7. 7. 7 Critical Challenges: - Water and climate change - Water and food security - Water and urbanization - Water and energy security - Water and ecosystem
  8. 8. EXAMPLE FOR A GOOD USE OF IWRM TOOLBOX
  9. 9. Project Rationale&Objectives Demand Analysis& Demand Forecasting Institutional Assessment Identify Gaps between Future Demand&Existing Facilities Identify technical alternatives to meet the gap Apply Least-cost or Cost- effectiveness analysis Apply Cost – Benefit Analysis Tariff design, subsidy, enumeration Measures for Optimum Use of Existing Facilities Sustainability analysis and plan/ distribution effect of project Tools C2.8 &(C2.6) WSS Project Scheme
  10. 10. Application of IRWM tools in WSS • Managing Demand and Supply (C3.1-3.3) – Better efficiency of water use and better efficiency of water supply • Technologies exist • Metering and pricing systems act as incentives • Education and communication campaigns should target direct users – Recycling and resuse • Technologies exist but are very costly and not always user-friendly – Sustainable sanitation concept • Ecological sanitation • Open waste water planning
  11. 11. Project Rationale&Objectives Demand Analysis& Demand Forecasting Institutional Assessment Identify Gaps between Future Demand&Existing Facilities Identify technical alternatives to meet the gap Apply Least-cost or Cost- effectiveness analysis Apply Cost – Benefit Analysis Tariff design, subsidy, enumeration Measures for Optimum Use of Existing Facilities Sustainability analysis and plan/ distribution effect of project Tools: B1&B2 WSS Project Scheme
  12. 12. Application of IWRM tools in WSS • Better governance and institutional reforms (B1 and B2) – Camdessus: ”increasing financial flows will make no sense unless there is an equally effort to reform the way the world tackles its water problem” – pouring new $ into old managment will not be sustainable solution.
  13. 13. Project Rationale&Objectives Demand Analysis& Demand Forecasting Institutional Assessment Identify Gaps between Future Demand&Existing Facilities Identify technical alternatives to meet the gap Apply Least-cost or Cost- effectiveness analysis Apply Cost – Benefit Analysis Tariff design, subsidy, enumeration Measures for Optimum Use of Existing Facilities Sustainability analysis and plan/ distribution effect of project C7.1-7.3
  14. 14. Application of IWRM tools in WSS • Role of economic instruments (C7.2-C7.3) – Internalize external environmental costs – Incentives for environmental investments – Cost-effective pollution control – Raising revenue
  15. 15. What can you find in IWRM ToolBox? • Tools • Case studies • Reference documents
  16. 16. How do cases fit in? Full case study (8-10 pages) One page abstracts Quality Assurance ! Tool Supported by Cases
  17. 17. Why do we need a Case study? Theoretical description Synthezied memory Practical implementation
  18. 18. Typical format of case study 1. Problem(s) to be addressed 2. Actions taken 3. Outcomes (expected & unexpected, impact of action, resources needed, sustainability of outcomes) 4. Lessons learned (what is useful for others) 5. Links and other supporting information/publications
  19. 19. Criteria for the case study • Cases are not limited to “good” stories – “bad” stories are also welcomed • Cases should – illustrate the application of IWRM tools – have overall relevance to IWRM – with lessons about how an IWRM approach supports water management across sectors – Reflect both pros and cons
  20. 20. What is not a case study • Something what did not happen (“theoretical” issues, recommendations, advise) • Guidelines on how and what should be done • Something what did not bring the results (good or bad) – reports on workshops, conferences
  21. 21. What did I see at students papers: • Title: Improvement of sanitation in XX town – Analytical part (details about needs to provide local citizens with sanitation; technological aspects, level of treatment and pollution control, enginnering solutions) – Synthesis part (recommendations to City Hall to build infrastructure) – Why sanitation service? – Alternatives? (involvement of other sectors, including energy sector!!) – Who pays for investments? Who pays for O&M running cost (taxes, fees)? – Sanitation & Water supply (two integral services) – Stakeholders analysis, involvement? – Future demands (increasing/decreasing)
  22. 22. Instructions for authors of case studies How to contribute? How to ask questions?
  23. 23. Distribution of visits per country
  24. 24. www.gwptoolbox.org www.gwp.org Does the homepage of your website have a prominent link to the ToolBox?

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