SustSan workshop: Implementation Tools: hardware and software by Tandiwe Erlmann

331 views

Published on

Published in: Environment, Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
331
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
10
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

SustSan workshop: Implementation Tools: hardware and software by Tandiwe Erlmann

  1. 1. SSWM Implementation Tools: Hardware and Software SSWM Implementation Tools: Hardware and Software 1 seecon international gmbh Tandiwe Erlmann Ljubljana, Slovenia, April 4th 2014
  2. 2. SSWM Implementation Tools: Hardware and Software More information at www.sswm.info 5 1. Introduction “Participatory Planning and Decision Making” How can I optimize my local water management and sanitation system? How can I plan and implement my water and sanitation initiatives in a more sustainable way? Planning & Process Tools Implementation Tools Behavioural change approaches Technical tools
  3. 3. SSWM Implementation Tools: Hardware and Software More information at www.sswm.info 6 Hardware tools are… … technical tools to optimize your water and nutrient cycle 2. Hardware •  These are physical solutions that you can see and touch with your hands such as water filters, toilets, treatment systems or technologies to recycle water and nutrients. •  Usually, you will need a combination of different hardware and software tools to really make a sustainable impact. Source: www.sswm.info
  4. 4. SSWM Implementation Tools: Hardware and Software More information at www.sswm.info Hardware tools are… 7 2. Hardware Tools …technical tools to optimise your water and nutrient cycle Brainstorming Which hardware tools do you know???
  5. 5. SSWM Implementation Tools: Hardware and Software More information at www.sswm.info Water Sources 2. Hardware Tools 8 http://www.sswm.info/ category/ implementation-tools/ water-sources Surface  Water  Sources       •  Water  Source  Protec,on,  Rivers,  Lakes,  Reservoirs,   Bank  Filtra,on,  Desalina,on   Groundwater  Sources       •  Springs,  Dug  Wells,  Drilled  Wells,  Manual  Pumping,   Mechanized  Pumping,  Well  Development  &   Rehabilita,on   Rainwater  Harves5ng   •  Bunds,  Field  Trenches,  Plan,ng  Pits,  Micro  Basins,   Sand  Dams,  Check  Dams  &  Gully  Plugs,  Controlled   Drainage,  Fog  Drip,  Groundwater  Recharge   Other       •  BoGled  Water  ,  Water  Vendors   Conserva5on  of  Soil  Moisture     •  Conserva,on  Tillage,  Soil  Cover  and  Reforestera,on,   Soil  Amendment,  Mulching,  Crop  Selec,on  
  6. 6. SSWM Implementation Tools: Hardware and Software More information at www.sswm.info Water Purification 2. Hardware Tools Point-of-Use Water Treatment and HWTS •  chlorination, bio-filtration, SODIS, … Water Purification in Emergencies •  Water Supply and Purification in Emergencies; POU Water Purification in Emergencies; Community and Camp Water Supply (Semi-)centralized Drinking Water Treatment •  e.g. Slow-sand filtration, Coagulation- flocculation, …) Etc. 9 http://www.sswm.info/category/ implementation-tools/water- purification
  7. 7. SSWM Implementation Tools: Hardware and Software More information at www.sswm.info Water Distribution 2. Hardware Tools 10 http://www.sswm.info/ category/implementation-tools/ water-distribution Water Distribution Networks •  Water Distribution Overview; Network; Design and Dimensioning; Pumping Stations; Leakage Control; Decentralized Supply; Intermittent Water Distribution; Preventing Recontamination; Hydropower (Small-scale) Piped Water Distribution •  Water Distribution Pipes; Trenches; Irrigation Channels Non-piped Distribution •  Human Powered Distribution; Motorized Distribution; Bottled Water; Water Vendors O&M of Water Distribution
  8. 8. SSWM Implementation Tools: Hardware and Software More information at www.sswm.info Water Use 2. Hardware Tools 11 http:// www.sswm.info/ category/ implementation-tools/ water-use Optimization of Water Use at Home •  Reduce Water Consumption at Home, Wastewater Reuse at Home, Simple Handwashing Devices Optimization of Water Use in Industry •  Reduce Water Consumption in Industries, Reusing Water within Businesses, Reusing Water between Business, Wastewater Reuse in Industries Optimization of Water Use in Agriculture •  Surface Irrigation, Manual Irrigation, Automatic Irrigation, Sprinkler Irrigation, Drip Irrigation, etc. Conservation of Soil Moisture •  Tillage techniques, etc. Water for Energy •  Hydropower small and large scale, etc.
  9. 9. SSWM Implementation Tools: Hardware and Software More information at www.sswm.info Wastewater Collection 2. Hardware Tools 12 http://www.sswm.info/category/ implementation-tools/wastewater- collection Cartage •  Human Powered Emptying, Motorized Emptying Sewers •  Conventional Sewers, Separate Sewers, Simplified Sewers, Solids-free Sewers, Pressurized Sewers, Vacuum Sewers, Transfer Stations Surface-runoff •  Stormwater Management, Retention Basin
  10. 10. SSWM Implementation Tools: Hardware and Software More information at www.sswm.info Wastewater Treatment 2. Hardware Tools 13 http://www.sswm.info/ category/ implementation-tools/ wastewater-treatment Sanitation Systems User Interfaces •  Dry Toilet, Pour-Flush Toilet, Flush Toilet, UD Flush Toilet, Low-flush Toilet, Vacuum Toilet, Urine Diversion Components, Flush Urinals, Urinal On-site Storage and Treatments Single Pit, Single VIP, Double VIP, UDDT, Composting Toilets, Fossa Alterna, Terra Preta Toilet, Arborloo, Dehydration Vaults, Compost Filters, Composting Chamber, Anaerobic Digestion, Biogas Settlers, Anaerobic Baffled Reactor, Anaerobic Filter, etc. (Semi-)Centralized Treatments •  Septic Tanks, Compost Filters, Anaerobic Filters, Anaerobic Baffled Reactor, UASB Reactor, Anaerobic Digestion, Biogas Settler, Rotating Biological Contactor, Trickling Filters, Waste Stabilization Pond, Aerated Pond, Advanced Integrated Ponds, Aquaculture, Constructed Wetlands, W, Non-planted Filters, Stormwater Management, Retention Basin, Activated Sludge, Fixed-film (AS), Membrane Bioreactor (MBR), etc. Sanitation in Emergencies … Sludge Treatment …
  11. 11. SSWM Implementation Tools: Hardware and Software More information at www.sswm.info Reuse and Recharge 2. Hardware Tools 14 http:// www.sswm.info/ category/ implementation- tools/reuse-and- recharge Reuse of Urine and Faeces in Agriculture •  Urine Fertilization (Small-scale), Urine Fertilization (Large- scale), Fertilizer from Urine, Fertilizer from Sludge, Use of Dehydrated Faeces, Use of Compost, Arborloo Reuse of Blackwater and Greywater •  Aquaculture, Fertigation, Greywater Towers, Vertical Gardens Recharge & Disposal •  Leach Fields, Soak Pits, Evaporation Beds, Surface Disposal (Liquids), Surface Disposal (Solids), Land Application of Sludge, Groundwater Recharge (Surface), Groundwater Recharge (Sub-surface), Soil Aquifer Treatment, Short Rotation Plantations, Stormwater Management Energy Products from Sludge •  Heat Recovery from Sludge, Direct Use of Biogas, Biogas Electricity (Small-scale), Biogas Electricity (Large-scale) Household and Industry Reuse •  Reuse of Wastewater at Home, Reuse of Wastewater in Industries  
  12. 12. SSWM Implementation Tools: Hardware and Software More information at www.sswm.info Source: http://education-portal.com/articles/Sleep_Awareness_Week_Sleep_from_A_to_Zzzzzs.html [Accessed: 08.08.2012] 26
  13. 13. SSWM Implementation Tools: Hardware and Software More information at www.sswm.info Are Hardware Tools enough? Why do we need Software Tools? 28 Source: http://www.wsp.org/userfiles/image/2009_JUL.jpg [Accessed: 23.03.2010] Source: http://www.wsp.org/userfiles/image/2009_JUL.jpg [Accessed: 23.03.2010]
  14. 14. SSWM Implementation Tools: Hardware and Software More information at www.sswm.info 29 “Participatory Planning and Decision Making” How can I optimize my local water management and sanitation system? How can I plan and implement my water and sanitation initiatives in a more sustainable way? Planning & Process Tools Implementation Tools Behavioural change approaches Technical tools
  15. 15. SSWM Implementation Tools: Hardware and Software More information at www.sswm.info Because we need a combination of hardware and software to make a sustainable impact! •  The technology works but is not adapted to the local context •  Community might not accept an intervention •  The authorities might not be willing to invest (finances and regulation) •  Ensuring sustainability Why do we need Software Tools? 30 3. Software Why? Economy Society Environment Hard- ware Software
  16. 16. SSWM Implementation Tools: Hardware and Software More information at www.sswm.info Software tools are… 31 3. Software … behavioural change approaches to optimise your water and nutrient cycle With what kind of processes, measures and tools can I plan and implement my SSWM project? How can I optimize my local water and sanitation system and make it more sustainable?
  17. 17. SSWM Implementation Tools: Hardware and Software More information at www.sswm.info Software tools are… 32 3. Software … behavioural change approaches to optimise your water and nutrient cycle … a set of tools and set-ups that are necessary to achieve changes in the behaviour and attitudes of different actors involved in the water and sanitation system. Economic Tools Software Awareness raising Tools Command & Control Tools Creating an Enabling Environment
  18. 18. SSWM Implementation Tools: Hardware and Software More information at www.sswm.info Software tools are… 33 3. Software Economic Tools Creating an Enabling Environment Command & Control Tools Awareness Raising ….because people pursue goals in accordance with their values and knowledge. … because people want to avoid the penalties for non- compliance. …. because people want to achieve maximal benefit at minimal cost. … because you need a sound framework to establish a sustainable water and sanitation management strategy.
  19. 19. SSWM Implementation Tools: Hardware and Software More information at www.sswm.info 34 3. Software Economic Tools Awareness raising Tools Command & Control Tools Creating an Enabling Environment Brainstorming Which Software Tools do you know?
  20. 20. SSWM Implementation Tools: Hardware and Software More information at www.sswm.info •  Social Marketing •  School Campaigns •  SSWM in School Curriculums •  Empowering Young People as Promoters •  Advocacy - Influencing Leaders •  Creating Information Material •  Media Campaigns – Posters and Flyers, Radio, Video, Internet and Email •  Corporate Social Responsibility •  Command & Control Tools •  Standards •  Restriction •  Tradable Water Rights •  Water Charges •  Water Pricing - General •  Water Pricing - Fixed Water Charge •  Water Pricing - Increasing Block Tariffs •  Water Pricing - Decreasing Block Tariffs •  Water Pricing - Uniform Volumetric Charge •  Subsidies •  Creating Policies and Legal Framework •  Building an Institutional Framework •  Bundling and Unbundling of Functions •  Strengthening Enforcement Bodies •  Decentralization •  Public Private Partnerships •  Privatization •  Nationalization •  Developing Human Resources Software tools are… 35 3. Software Economic Tools Creating an Enabling Environment Command & Control Tools Awareness Raising
  21. 21. SSWM Implementation Tools: Hardware and Software More information at www.sswm.info Group Work: Optimise your SSWM System Objective: •  Find solutions for the most pressing problems! Tasks: •  45’ Group work: -  Consult SSWM Toolbox -  Identify existing hardware and software tools -  Identify appropriate hard- and software to optimise your system 53 4. Introduction to Group Work Find help in the SSWM Toolbox: Implementation Tools http://www.sswm.info/ category/implementation- tools/implementation-tools- introduction Hardware Software How can I optimise my local water management and sanitation system and make it more sustainable?
  22. 22. SSWM Implementation Tools: Hardware and Software More information at www.sswm.info Find help in the SSWM Toolbox 54 4. Introduction to Group Work
  23. 23. SSWM Implementation Tools: Hardware and Software More information at www.sswm.info Find help in the SSWM Toolbox 55 4. Introduction to Group Work
  24. 24. SSWM Implementation Tools: Hardware and Software More information at www.sswm.info Example of a Factsheet •  Executive Summary •  Description: • Intro • Basic Design Principles • Health Aspects • Cost Aspects • O&M •  Applicability •  Advantages and Disadvantages •  Further Readings: • General • Case Studies • Training Material • Weblinks 56 4. Introduction to Group Work
  25. 25. SSWM Implementation Tools: Hardware and Software 59 “Linking up Sustainable Sanitation, Water Management & Agriculture” With the support of: Created by:

×