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Parallels: Water resources management aspects of the EU Strategies for the Baltic Sea and Danube Regions, Prof. Istvan Ijjas

Baltic Danube Strategy Workshop, Budapest, Hungary, 5 April 2011

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Parallels: Water resources management aspects of the EU Strategies for the Baltic Sea and Danube Regions, Prof. Istvan Ijjas

  1. 1. ParallelsWater resources management aspects of the EU Strategies for the Baltic Sea Region and Danube Region Workshop Istvan IJJAS Professor Emeritus Budapest University of Technology and Economics Budapest, 5 April 2011
  2. 2. Contents1) Introduction2) Parallels3) What to learn from the Baltic Sea Strategy4) Significant water management issues in the Danube Basin5) The main solutions and improvements to governance systems6) Assessment of the added value for the European Union
  3. 3. 1. Introduction
  4. 4. 2. Parallels HELCOM ICPDR Danube Commission Sava Commission Tisa declarations
  5. 5. 3. What to learn fromthe Baltic Sea Strategy ?
  6. 6. Flagshipprojects
  7. 7. 11 partners8 countries2.0 million Euro
  8. 8. 22 partners8 countries4.9 million Euro
  9. 9. 24 partners8 countries5.3 million Euro
  10. 10. 23 partners7 countries4.2 million Euro
  11. 11. 22 partners9 countries3.0 million Euro
  12. 12. 18 partners6 countries2.7 million Euro
  13. 13. 11 partners6 countries3.2 million Euros
  14. 14. 23 partners10 countries6.7 million Euro
  15. 15. 4. Significant water management issuesin the Danube BasinMajor sources of informationPrevious programmes for the Danube River Basin•The Danube...for whom and for what, Equipe Cousteau (1992)•Environmental Programme for the Danube River Basin, EC PHARE-Programme Danube Integrated Environmental Study (1993-1994) Strategic Action Plan - SAP (1994) SAP Implementation Plan (1995)•Danube Nutrient Reduction Programme (1997 –1999)•ICPDR Joint Action Plan 2000- 2005•DABLAS programme (specific reports in 2002 and 2004)•EU WFD Danube River Basin Analysis (2005)•UNDP/GEF Danube Regional Project (2001 – 2006)•UNDP-GEF-ICPDR Danube River Basin Updated Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis Based on EU Water Framework Directive (2006)•Danube River Basin Management Plan (2009)
  16. 16. Significant Water Management Issues in the DRB Basin-wide issues
  17. 17. The main basin-wide environmental problemsFour significant transboundary issues priorities for the Danube Basin and for the impact of the Danube River on the Black SeaNutrient Pollution – from point sources and diffuse sourcesOrganic Pollution – from point sources and diffuse sourcesHazardous substances - industrial and accidental pollutionHydromorphological alterations - engineering works for navigation, hydropower generation, flood prevention
  18. 18. The key conclusions of the DRBM Planon the implementation of basin-wide environmental objectives and visions:The assessment of the ecological status will be further developed.The implementation of the environmental requirements in Non EU MSwould be sufficient to solve the basin-wide environmental problemsMeasures identified will not ensure the achievement of theenvironmental objectives on the basin-wide scale,significant further efforts will still be necessary regarding organic pollution N and P hazardous substances pressures from all hydomorphological components 824 river and habitat continuity interruptions will remain negative impacts of future infrastructure projects other relevant issues: quality and quantity of sediments, invasive species, water quantity issues and climate change
  19. 19. Significant water management issues(economic objectives)Flood risk managementDrought and water scarcity managementAdoption to climatic changeNavigation, hydropower production
  20. 20. Types of EDRS programs/projects:Environmental programs – implementation of RBMPs –programs for improvement of the status of watersFuture infrastructure projects/programs – fornavigation, hydropower, irrigation –The rules of WFD, the Habitat Directive, the Natura 2000should be considered
  21. 21. 5. Effectiveness of the existing inter-governmental cooperation bodiesLong history of co-operation on the Danube River:Danube Navigation Convention (Belgrade, 1948)Bucharest Declaration (1984),UNECE Transboundary Water Convention (Helsinki Convention, 1992),Danube River Protection Convention (DRPC,1994)EU Water Framework Directive (WFD, 2000).Commission for the Protection of the Danube River (ICPDR)Bilateral/multilateral agreements between individual countries
  22. 22. Recommendations for strategic actionsregarding the environment in the Danube Basin:Securing Danube waters for the future generations – Implementation of the WFDImplementation of the Integrated Sava and Tisza River Basin Management PlanResponses to climate change and potential environmental effectsImplementation of a basin-wide sediment management systemImprovement of basin-wide and national environmental governance systems
  23. 23. Securing Danube waters for the future generationsDANUBE DECLARATIONadopted at the Ministerial Meeting, February 16, 2010to increase coordination and cooperation among the countriesin the Sava and Tisa sub-basins of the Danube and for the evolvinginitiatives in the sub-basins of the Prut and the Danube DeltaMemorandum of Understanding with the Black Sea Commission- Implementation of the EU Marine Strategy Framework DirectiveImplementation of the RBDMP Joint Programme of Measures
  24. 24. 6) Assessment of the added value for the European UnionThe coordinated improvement of the status of waters will conserve the water resources for the future water uses, will significantly contribute to sustainable regional development, will ensure the preservation and the restoration of the valuable ecosystems, will reduce the impacts on the Black Sea.
  25. 25. Thank You!