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IDMP guidelines for preparation of the Drought Management Plans 
Elena Fatulova (GWP CEE) 
Kosovo, 12 November 2014
What is drought? 
•Drought is understood as „lack of water“ 
•Two terms should be distinguished according to their causes:...
Legal Framework – planning documents 
WATER FRAMEWORK DIRECTIVE – legal framework for water scarcity and drought issues: 
...
Guidelines - Drought management approach 
•A reactive approach based on crisis management - measures and actions after a d...
Main steps for drought risk management 
Step 1: Develop a drought policy and establish a Drought management Committee 
Ste...
Step 1 – Drought policy... 
•identification of the competent authority 
•recognition of drought as a relevant issue by com...
Step 2 – objectives of drought management 
•guarantee water availability in sufficient quantities to meet essential human ...
Step 3 – data inventory 
Process: 
•determination of the data needs for DMP 
•analysing of existing data and data availabi...
Step 3 – Data inventory 
Data packages: 
•meteorological data - temperature, precipitation, snow reserve 
•hydrological da...
Step 4 – Development of DMP 
Content of DMP: 
•drought characterization based on historical drought events 
•indicators an...
Main elements of DMP - indicators 
•Drought indicators (EU indicators): 
oFAPAR (fraction of absorbed photosynthetically a...
Main elements of DMP - thresholds 
•Thresholds for drought stages: 
oNormal status – no significant deviation in relation ...
Thresholds – Precipitation – Slovak proposal
Thresholds - River flow – Slovak proposal 
1.quantile (120 to 80 % of Qmes61-2000 - normal status of water bearing) 
2. qu...
Thresholds – groundwater level – Slovak proposal 
•Fig. 2 Groundwater monitoring point No. 10, hydrological year 2012
Thresholds – soil water balance – Slovak proposal 
Drought degree 
Extreme 
drought 
Severe drought Moderate 
drought 
Nor...
DMP element – early warning system 
Early warning system - timely information (warnings) about actual drought status in re...
Main DMP elements – measures 
Programme of measures: 
•preventive or strategic measures – normal stage 
•operational measu...
Main element – organizational framework 
Establishment of organizational structure : 
•Competent authority 
•Drought Commi...
Drought Committee – example from Slovakia
Step 5, 6, 7 of drought management 
•Step 5 – public participation and active involvement of the interested parties in DMP...
Contact: Elena Fatulova, GWP CEE elena.fatulova@gmail.com 
Thank you for your attention
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IDMP guidelines for preparation of the Drought Management Plans by Elena Fatulova

IDMP guidelines for preparation of the Drought Management Plans by Elena Fatulova

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IDMP guidelines for preparation of the Drought Management Plans by Elena Fatulova

  1. 1. IDMP guidelines for preparation of the Drought Management Plans Elena Fatulova (GWP CEE) Kosovo, 12 November 2014
  2. 2. What is drought? •Drought is understood as „lack of water“ •Two terms should be distinguished according to their causes: oWater scarcity - Water scarcity is a man-made phenomenon. It is a recurrent imbalance that arises from an overuse of water resources, caused by consumption being significantly higher than the natural renewable availability. Water scarcity can be aggravated by water pollution (reducing the suitability for different water uses), and during drought episodes oDrought - Drought is a natural phenomenon. It is a temporary, negative and severe deviation along a significant time period and over a large region from average precipitation values (a rainfall deficit), which might lead to meteorological, agricultural, hydrological and socioeconomic drought, depending on its severity and duration
  3. 3. Legal Framework – planning documents WATER FRAMEWORK DIRECTIVE – legal framework for water scarcity and drought issues: •RBMPs – water scarcity issues (groundwater quantitative status, surface water ecological status) - legally binding document! •Drought management plan (DMP) – drought issues - additional planning document when drought issues are relevant (drought assessment and mitigation measures) – not legally binding document!
  4. 4. Guidelines - Drought management approach •A reactive approach based on crisis management - measures and actions after a drought event occurred A proactive approach based on drought risk reduction management – preventive and mitigating measures designed in advance in the Drought Management plan
  5. 5. Main steps for drought risk management Step 1: Develop a drought policy and establish a Drought management Committee Step 2: Define the objectives of a drought risk-based management policy Step 3: Inventory of data needed for DMP development Step 4: Produce/update the DMP Step 5: Publicize the DMP to the public for comments and active involvement Step 6: Develop a research and science programme Step 7: Develop an educational programme
  6. 6. Step 1 – Drought policy... •identification of the competent authority •recognition of drought as a relevant issue by competent authority and Government •development of a risk-based national drought management policy •adoption of the legal regulation for drought issues •establishment of the National Drought Committee with governmental mandate
  7. 7. Step 2 – objectives of drought management •guarantee water availability in sufficient quantities to meet essential human needs to ensure population’s health and life during all drought stages •avoid or minimize negative drought impacts on the status of water bodies, especially on ecological flows and quantitative status of groundwater •minimize negative effects on economic activities, according to the priority given to water uses
  8. 8. Step 3 – data inventory Process: •determination of the data needs for DMP •analysing of existing data and data availability •identification of data gaps and obstacles of data availability
  9. 9. Step 3 – Data inventory Data packages: •meteorological data - temperature, precipitation, snow reserve •hydrological data - stream flow, reservoir volume, reservoir outflows, spring yield, groundwater level •agricultural data - soil moisture deficit •data on environmental impacts – mortality of fish species, impacts on wetlands, Natura 2000 sites, loss of biodiversity, forest fires risk •socio-economic data - impacts of drought on households, industry, energy production, transportation, recreation, tourism and other water use sector •drinking water supply data – water demand, water availability, existing water infrastructure, water shortages
  10. 10. Step 4 – Development of DMP Content of DMP: •drought characterization based on historical drought events •indicators and thresholds for classification of drought stages and drought early warning system implementation •program of measures for preventing and mitigating droughts linked to indicators systems •organizational structure of the DMP •update and follow-up of the DMP •water supply specific plans •prolonged drought in line with Article 4.6 of WFD
  11. 11. Main elements of DMP - indicators •Drought indicators (EU indicators): oFAPAR (fraction of absorbed photosynthetically active radiation) oH (groundwater level) oSSPI (standardized snowpack index) oSoil moisture oSPI (standardized precipitation index) oSRI (standardized runoff index) oWEI + (water exploitation index plus)
  12. 12. Main elements of DMP - thresholds •Thresholds for drought stages: oNormal status – no significant deviation in relation to average values is observed oPre-alert status – is declared when monitoring shows the initial stage of drought development oAlert status – is declared when monitoring shows that drought is occurring and will probably have impacts in the future if measures are not taken immediately oEmergency status – is declared when drought indicators show that impacts occurred and water supply is not guaranteed
  13. 13. Thresholds – Precipitation – Slovak proposal
  14. 14. Thresholds - River flow – Slovak proposal 1.quantile (120 to 80 % of Qmes61-2000 - normal status of water bearing) 2. quantile (80 to 40 % of Qmes61-2000 – subnormal status of water bearing) 3. quantile (less than 40 % of Qmes61-2000- critical value of water bearing status
  15. 15. Thresholds – groundwater level – Slovak proposal •Fig. 2 Groundwater monitoring point No. 10, hydrological year 2012
  16. 16. Thresholds – soil water balance – Slovak proposal Drought degree Extreme drought Severe drought Moderate drought Normal drought Probability interval [%] ≤ 2% 2.1% to 10% 10.1% to 25% 25.1% to 50% ASWI interval [–] ≤ –1.8 –1.8 to –1.151 –1.15 to –0.721 -0.72 to 0 Drought degree Extreme drought Very severe drought Severe drought Normal drought Probability interval [%] ≤ 2% 2% to 10% 10.1% to 25% 25.1% to 50% ASWICUM interval [–] ≤ –300 –299 to –200 –199 to –100 -99 to 0 Available soil water index Cumulative available soil water index
  17. 17. DMP element – early warning system Early warning system - timely information (warnings) about actual drought status in real time for decision makers for activation of operational measures: •short-term warnings (1-7 d) •medium-term warnings (10-15d) •seasonal forecasting (3 - 6 months)
  18. 18. Main DMP elements – measures Programme of measures: •preventive or strategic measures – normal stage •operational measures – pre-alert, alert, emergency stages •organizational measures – all stages •follow-up measures – effectiveness of mitigation measures •restoration measures – deactivation of operation measures
  19. 19. Main element – organizational framework Establishment of organizational structure : •Competent authority •Drought Committee ogoverning level – key resorts (ministries) oprofessional level – professional institutions ostakeholders - interested groups affected by drought The main tasks of Drought Committee: •design of DMP •implementation of the DMP •review/update of DMP (e.g. every six years)
  20. 20. Drought Committee – example from Slovakia
  21. 21. Step 5, 6, 7 of drought management •Step 5 – public participation and active involvement of the interested parties in DMP implementation: •publishing of DMP for public •making DMP available for comments •consultation aimed at active involvement of the interested parties •Step 6 - Scientific and research programme – connected with identification of gaps and uncertainties related issues (e.g. climatic change) •Step 7 - Educational programmes – trainings, workshops for decision makers, farmers...
  22. 22. Contact: Elena Fatulova, GWP CEE elena.fatulova@gmail.com Thank you for your attention

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