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IDMP CEE 2nd workshop: Activities 2.1 and 2.2 by Elena Fatulova

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IDMP CEE 2nd workshop: Activities 2.1 and 2.2 by Elena Fatulova

  1. 1. Guidelines for Drought Management Plans & National Consultation dialogues Activity 2.1 & 2.2 Elena Fatulova 2nd IDMP CEE Workshop Ljubljana, 8 – 9 April 2014
  2. 2. Partners & Outputs • Aim of Act. 2.1 – to develop Guidelines for Drought Management Plans (DMPs) – the main instrument for implementation of drought policy based on risk management • 10 CEE countries involved in the activity (BL, CZ, HU, LT, MO, PL, RO, SK, SLO, UA) • Partners – national GWPs and experts from individual countries • Final output – Guidelines for DMPs including examples of its application within the region (e.g. Slovak Study report)
  3. 3. • First phase:  First draft presented – Hodrusa Hamre  Execution of the Slovak case study  Development of the Slovak Study Report – March 2014 – completed in accordance with the plan  Draft of the Guidelines for DMPs – June 2014 • Second phase:  1 July 2014 - draft of the Guidelines sent for completion and comments to the involved countries  31 December 2014 – national examples and comments provided  April 2015 – final output – Guidelines for DMPs Progress Report
  4. 4. Approach - principles • Conformity with EU drought policy developed within Common Strategy for Implementation of Water Framework Directive – based on drought risk management approach • Consistency with EU WFD – Drought Management Plan a part of River Basin Management plans • Focus on the national level • Harmonization of approaches within the CEE region
  5. 5. Basic documents General guidelines: • Drought Management Plan Report Including Agricultural, Drought Indicators and Climate Change (Report 2007) • Guidelines for National Drought management Policies and Preparedness Plans (Donald A.Wilhite) for the WMO/GWP IDMP EU policy document: • A Blueprint to Safeguard Europe's Water Resources” COM (2012) 673 final
  6. 6. Output, sources Output (Guidelines content): - Description of the generalized procedure for development of the DMPs based on harmonized approach - Accompanied with the national examples of the key DMP elements (indicators, thresholds, warning system, organizational structure) in line with EU drought policy Sources: • Slovak Study report • National experiences – examples of the chosen elements provided by involved countries during the second phase • Outputs from other activities of the IDM Programme
  7. 7. DMP – main elements • Indicators and thresholds establishing onset, ending, and severity levels of the exceptional circumstances (prolonged drought) – meteorological, hydrological, agricultural, socioeconomic (impact indicators) • Measures to be taken in each drought phase in order to prevent deterioration of water status and to mitigate negative drought effects • Organizational framework to deal with drought and subsequent revision and updating of the existing drought management plan
  8. 8. Slovak case study • Evaluation of the drought event 2011-2012 • Real data from monitoring used • Partners from water sector and agricultural sector (experts) • Data from drought impact assessment (e.g. fish mortality, ecological status, wetlands) are missing (information from the Ministry) • Some stakeholders refused to provide data (e.g. energy production company)
  9. 9. Slovak Study Report Indicators:  Precipitation and air temperature  River flow  Groundwater level and spring-discharge  Soil water balance Thresholds for drought classification:  Normal status  Pre-alert status  Alert status  Emergency status
  10. 10. Thresholds - Precipitation
  11. 11. Thresholds - River flow 1. quantile (120 to 80 % of Qmes61-2000 - normal status of water bearing) 2. quantile (80 to 40 % of Qmes61-2000 – subnormal status of water bearing) 3. quantile (less than 40 % of Qmes61-2000- critical value of water bearing status
  12. 12. Thresholds – groundwater level • Fig. 2 Groundwater monitoring point No. 10, hydrological year 2012
  13. 13. Thresholds – soil water balance Drought degree Extreme drought Severe drought Moderate drought Normal drought Probability interval [%] ≤ 2% 2.1% to 10% 10.1% to 25% 25.1% to 50% ASWI interval [–] ≤ –1.8 –1.8 to –1.151 –1.15 to –0.721 -0.72 to 0 Drought degree Extreme drought Very severe drought Severe drought Normal drought Probability interval [%] ≤ 2% 2% to 10% 10.1% to 25% 25.1% to 50% ASWICUM interval [–] ≤ –300 –299 to –200 –199 to –100 -99 to 0 Available soil water index Cumulative available soil water index
  14. 14. Slovak Study Report Measures: • organizational – all drought status • operational – pre-alert, alert, emergency status • preventive – normal status - measures for improvement of water governance - measures focused on increasing of resistance against drought and mitigation of drought adverse impacts - action plan for science and research drought program
  15. 15. DMP – organizational structure
  16. 16. Uncertainties, gaps • Drought is not considered as a relevant issue • No state body has been officially charged with the production of the Drought management plan within the second planning cycle of preparation of RBMPs • Absence of drought impact indicators • Monitoring system is not sufficient for running of reliable drought early warning system and has to be upgraded • Thresholds and early warning system have not been tested
  17. 17. Act. 2.2 National consultation dialogues First National Consultation dialogues: • 6 countries (CZ, HU, LT, MO,SK, UA – in 2013 • 4 countries (PO, RO, SLO, BL) – in 2014 General objective - development of DMP: • To gather the drought experts and representatives from competent authorities • To inform about the objectives of IDMP • To discuss the answers from the Questionnaire
  18. 18. Act. 2.2 National consultations Second National Consultation dialogues – in 2014: General objective – provide input for the Guidelines for Drought management plans: - Organizational framework – draft of drought working group (schematic) and its mandate - Early warning system – short information on indicators and thresholds, drought stages - Impact assessment – impact information system - Creation of drought hazard and Water Scarcity Risk maps
  19. 19. Plans - continuation • To develop the first draft of the Guidelines – activity leader – 30 June 2014 on the base: - Slovak study report - Results of demonstration projects - Communication with GWPs partners – comments to Guidelines contents, answers on specific questions – terminology, early warning system (daily base?) • To send the draft of the Guidelines to the involved partners (GWPs) for comments and providing national experiences for the chosen DMP elements – 1 July 2014
  20. 20. Plans - continuation • To organize National Consultation dialogues (after June 2014) with the aim to discus the draft of the Guidelines and provide national experiences in line with EU strategy: to develop of organizational structure for drought management (all partners and sector identified in the questionnaire) – competent authority, working group (example provided in Slovak Study Report) to provide national examples of development of the key elements of DMP – Annex of the Guidelines • New template for NCD will be prepared – end of June • To provide comments and input for Guidelines – 31 December 2014
  21. 21. Questions • How could be defined meteorological, agricultural, hydrological, socioeconomic drought referring to working definition: „Drought is a natural phenomenon. It is a temporary, negative and severe deviation along a significant time period and over a large region from average precipitation values (a rainfall deficit), which might lead to meteorological, agricultural, hydrological and socioeconomic drought, depending on its severity and duration“ • How often should be assessment of indicators for early warnings updated - daily, weekly?
  22. 22. Contact: Elena Fatulova, GWP Slovakia Thank you for your attention