Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

IDMP CEE 2nd workshop: Activities 2.1 and 2.2 by Elena Fatulova

  • Login to see the comments

  • Be the first to like this

IDMP CEE 2nd workshop: Activities 2.1 and 2.2 by Elena Fatulova

  1. 1. Guidelines for Drought Management Plans & National Consultation dialogues Activity 2.1 & 2.2 Elena Fatulova 2nd IDMP CEE Workshop Ljubljana, 8 – 9 April 2014
  2. 2. Partners & Outputs • Aim of Act. 2.1 – to develop Guidelines for Drought Management Plans (DMPs) – the main instrument for implementation of drought policy based on risk management • 10 CEE countries involved in the activity (BL, CZ, HU, LT, MO, PL, RO, SK, SLO, UA) • Partners – national GWPs and experts from individual countries • Final output – Guidelines for DMPs including examples of its application within the region (e.g. Slovak Study report)
  3. 3. • First phase:  First draft presented – Hodrusa Hamre  Execution of the Slovak case study  Development of the Slovak Study Report – March 2014 – completed in accordance with the plan  Draft of the Guidelines for DMPs – June 2014 • Second phase:  1 July 2014 - draft of the Guidelines sent for completion and comments to the involved countries  31 December 2014 – national examples and comments provided  April 2015 – final output – Guidelines for DMPs Progress Report
  4. 4. Approach - principles • Conformity with EU drought policy developed within Common Strategy for Implementation of Water Framework Directive – based on drought risk management approach • Consistency with EU WFD – Drought Management Plan a part of River Basin Management plans • Focus on the national level • Harmonization of approaches within the CEE region
  5. 5. Basic documents General guidelines: • Drought Management Plan Report Including Agricultural, Drought Indicators and Climate Change (Report 2007) • Guidelines for National Drought management Policies and Preparedness Plans (Donald A.Wilhite) for the WMO/GWP IDMP EU policy document: • A Blueprint to Safeguard Europe's Water Resources” COM (2012) 673 final
  6. 6. Output, sources Output (Guidelines content): - Description of the generalized procedure for development of the DMPs based on harmonized approach - Accompanied with the national examples of the key DMP elements (indicators, thresholds, warning system, organizational structure) in line with EU drought policy Sources: • Slovak Study report • National experiences – examples of the chosen elements provided by involved countries during the second phase • Outputs from other activities of the IDM Programme
  7. 7. DMP – main elements • Indicators and thresholds establishing onset, ending, and severity levels of the exceptional circumstances (prolonged drought) – meteorological, hydrological, agricultural, socioeconomic (impact indicators) • Measures to be taken in each drought phase in order to prevent deterioration of water status and to mitigate negative drought effects • Organizational framework to deal with drought and subsequent revision and updating of the existing drought management plan
  8. 8. Slovak case study • Evaluation of the drought event 2011-2012 • Real data from monitoring used • Partners from water sector and agricultural sector (experts) • Data from drought impact assessment (e.g. fish mortality, ecological status, wetlands) are missing (information from the Ministry) • Some stakeholders refused to provide data (e.g. energy production company)
  9. 9. Slovak Study Report Indicators:  Precipitation and air temperature  River flow  Groundwater level and spring-discharge  Soil water balance Thresholds for drought classification:  Normal status  Pre-alert status  Alert status  Emergency status
  10. 10. Thresholds - Precipitation
  11. 11. Thresholds - River flow 1. quantile (120 to 80 % of Qmes61-2000 - normal status of water bearing) 2. quantile (80 to 40 % of Qmes61-2000 – subnormal status of water bearing) 3. quantile (less than 40 % of Qmes61-2000- critical value of water bearing status
  12. 12. Thresholds – groundwater level • Fig. 2 Groundwater monitoring point No. 10, hydrological year 2012
  13. 13. Thresholds – soil water balance Drought degree Extreme drought Severe drought Moderate drought Normal drought Probability interval [%] ≤ 2% 2.1% to 10% 10.1% to 25% 25.1% to 50% ASWI interval [–] ≤ –1.8 –1.8 to –1.151 –1.15 to –0.721 -0.72 to 0 Drought degree Extreme drought Very severe drought Severe drought Normal drought Probability interval [%] ≤ 2% 2% to 10% 10.1% to 25% 25.1% to 50% ASWICUM interval [–] ≤ –300 –299 to –200 –199 to –100 -99 to 0 Available soil water index Cumulative available soil water index
  14. 14. Slovak Study Report Measures: • organizational – all drought status • operational – pre-alert, alert, emergency status • preventive – normal status - measures for improvement of water governance - measures focused on increasing of resistance against drought and mitigation of drought adverse impacts - action plan for science and research drought program
  15. 15. DMP – organizational structure
  16. 16. Uncertainties, gaps • Drought is not considered as a relevant issue • No state body has been officially charged with the production of the Drought management plan within the second planning cycle of preparation of RBMPs • Absence of drought impact indicators • Monitoring system is not sufficient for running of reliable drought early warning system and has to be upgraded • Thresholds and early warning system have not been tested
  17. 17. Act. 2.2 National consultation dialogues First National Consultation dialogues: • 6 countries (CZ, HU, LT, MO,SK, UA – in 2013 • 4 countries (PO, RO, SLO, BL) – in 2014 General objective - development of DMP: • To gather the drought experts and representatives from competent authorities • To inform about the objectives of IDMP • To discuss the answers from the Questionnaire
  18. 18. Act. 2.2 National consultations Second National Consultation dialogues – in 2014: General objective – provide input for the Guidelines for Drought management plans: - Organizational framework – draft of drought working group (schematic) and its mandate - Early warning system – short information on indicators and thresholds, drought stages - Impact assessment – impact information system - Creation of drought hazard and Water Scarcity Risk maps
  19. 19. Plans - continuation • To develop the first draft of the Guidelines – activity leader – 30 June 2014 on the base: - Slovak study report - Results of demonstration projects - Communication with GWPs partners – comments to Guidelines contents, answers on specific questions – terminology, early warning system (daily base?) • To send the draft of the Guidelines to the involved partners (GWPs) for comments and providing national experiences for the chosen DMP elements – 1 July 2014
  20. 20. Plans - continuation • To organize National Consultation dialogues (after June 2014) with the aim to discus the draft of the Guidelines and provide national experiences in line with EU strategy: to develop of organizational structure for drought management (all partners and sector identified in the questionnaire) – competent authority, working group (example provided in Slovak Study Report) to provide national examples of development of the key elements of DMP – Annex of the Guidelines • New template for NCD will be prepared – end of June • To provide comments and input for Guidelines – 31 December 2014
  21. 21. Questions • How could be defined meteorological, agricultural, hydrological, socioeconomic drought referring to working definition: „Drought is a natural phenomenon. It is a temporary, negative and severe deviation along a significant time period and over a large region from average precipitation values (a rainfall deficit), which might lead to meteorological, agricultural, hydrological and socioeconomic drought, depending on its severity and duration“ • How often should be assessment of indicators for early warnings updated - daily, weekly?
  22. 22. Contact: Elena Fatulova, GWP Slovakia elena.fatulova@gmail.com Thank you for your attention

×