Samoa's Water Sector

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Presentation by Dr. Nigel Walmsley at the 5th High Level Session Ministerial Forum of the Global Water Partnership-Caribbean (GWP-C).

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Samoa's Water Sector

  1. 1. <ul><li>Sharing Experiences From The Pacific Region: </li></ul><ul><li>Samoa’s water sector </li></ul><ul><li>Dr Nigel Walmsley / HR Wallingford </li></ul><ul><li>High Level Forum, St Thomas </li></ul><ul><li>5th October 2009 </li></ul>Page
  2. 2. <ul><li>Towards sustainable water resources development and management (EC & DFID) </li></ul><ul><li>GWP Framework for Action: Towards water security (2WWF, 2000) </li></ul><ul><li>Putting principles into practice </li></ul><ul><li> => Samoa </li></ul>Background Page
  3. 3. Samoa Page
  4. 4. <ul><li>Fragmented control, management and protection of water resources </li></ul><ul><li>Competing and conflicting demands for water resources by users (both consumptive and non-consumptive users) </li></ul><ul><li>Insufficient knowledge and understanding of water resources; </li></ul><ul><li>Social and environmental impacts of development proposals particularly abstractions are usually ignored </li></ul><ul><li>Declining water quality </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive demand on water supply </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of community understanding and appreciation of responsible water management </li></ul><ul><li>Limited community involvement in water resource management </li></ul>Challenges Page
  5. 5. <ul><li>Access to safe water supply and basic sanitation is a critical factor in achieving improved public health </li></ul>Re-assessing priorities Page
  6. 6. <ul><li>Access to safe water supply and basic sanitation is a critical factor in achieving improved public health </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable water management … </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable water management and development extends well beyond public health alone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It contributes to a much wider social, economic and environmental development agendas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water is linked to the achievement of most national development goals (and all the MDGs) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>=> Sustainable water management as a national priority </li></ul>Re-assessing priorities Page
  7. 7. Complex inter-linkages Page Community Participation Environment water conservation environmental health & Health hygiene practices environment protection community management environmental health & water resource protection demand for services / hygiene promotion water resource protection contribution to cost Natural Resource Other Infrastructure urban sanitation water catchment mgt. urban piped water supply urban drainage urban road drainage water resource mgt urban solid waste urban flood control rural water supplies building control rural sanitation power supply Water Supply & Sanitation Infrastructure
  8. 8. Business as usual Page
  9. 9. Business as usual Page Project Business as usual A project approach
  10. 10. Business as usual A project approach Page Project Project
  11. 11. Business as usual A project approach Page Project Project Project
  12. 12. Business as usual A project approach Page Project Project Project Project
  13. 13. Page Project Project Project Project Project
  14. 14. Business as usual A project approach Page Project Project Project Project Project Project
  15. 15. Business as usual A project approach Page Project Project Project Project Project Project Project
  16. 16. Is there a better way? A sector approach Page
  17. 17. Is there a better way? A sector approach Page Project
  18. 18. Is there a better way? A sector approach Page Project Project
  19. 19. Is there a better way? A sector approach Page Project Project Project
  20. 20. Is there a better way? A sector approach Page Project Project Project Project
  21. 21. Is there a better way? A sector approach Page Project Project Project Project Project
  22. 22. Is there a better way? A sector approach Page Project Project Project Project Project Project
  23. 23. Is there a better way? A sector approach Page Project Project Project Project Project Project Project
  24. 24. Sector approach Page Project Project Project Project Project Project Project
  25. 25. <ul><li>More than a just a set of projects </li></ul><ul><li>Based on a single, agreed vision for the future of the sector </li></ul><ul><li>Cuts across the usual intra- and inter-sectoral boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>Pools all resources to achieve a common plan of action </li></ul><ul><li>Requires input from all stakeholders to realise the vision </li></ul>Sector approach Page
  26. 26. Once upon a time … Page
  27. 27. … everyone went their own way. Page
  28. 28. Some went this way… Page
  29. 29. … and some went that way. Page
  30. 30. Some travelled quickly … Page
  31. 31. … but many travelled slowly. Page
  32. 32. Everyone went … Page
  33. 33. … to different places … Page
  34. 34. … doing different things… Page
  35. 35. … with different people… Page
  36. 36. … for different reasons Page
  37. 37. … and different priorities. Page
  38. 38. Then, one day … Page
  39. 39. … along came the “water sector” bus Page
  40. 40. … everyone got on board... Page
  41. 41. … and travelled together. Page
  42. 42. It had one road-map … Page
  43. 43. … everyone agreed the way… Page
  44. 44. The road was less congested …. Page
  45. 45. … and there were fewer collisions. Page
  46. 46. All the fuel-stops …. Page
  47. 47. … filled one tank …. Page
  48. 48. … to drive one engine … Page
  49. 49. … to turn all the wheels … Page
  50. 50. … to deliver everyone… Page
  51. 51. … to the agreed destination. Page
  52. 52. So they all arrived together… Page
  53. 53. … to see their joint vision… Page
  54. 54. … of pristine catchments Page
  55. 55. … clean rivers Page
  56. 56. … safe drinking water Page
  57. 57. … and healthy children Page
  58. 58. … and they all lived … Page
  59. 59. … happily ever after. Page
  60. 60. The Water Sector Bus Page
  61. 61. “ Water is everybody’s responsibility” Page
  62. 62. “ Water is everybody’s responsibility” Page “ GET ON BOARD”
  63. 63. <ul><li>Who got on board? </li></ul><ul><li>Politicians </li></ul><ul><li>Government ministries & departments </li></ul><ul><li>State-owned enterprises </li></ul><ul><li>NGOs and community leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Private sector </li></ul><ul><li>Regional organisations </li></ul><ul><li>Donors </li></ul>Water for Life process Page
  64. 64. <ul><li>Over the period 2005-2010 more than $125 million tala will be invested in the water sector </li></ul><ul><li>Sources include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ministry/Agency budgets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community Service Obligations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>European Commission </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ADB, and others </li></ul></ul>How much fuel? Page
  65. 65. <ul><li>Government leadership of the process is essential to maintain co-ordination and integration </li></ul><ul><li>But many different actors have roles and responsibilities to fulfil </li></ul><ul><li>Approach based on integration and the core principles of sustainable water resource management and development </li></ul><ul><li>Consultation is one of the keys to success </li></ul>Who drove? Page
  66. 66. Working together Page
  67. 67. Water Sector Management & implementation Page Programme Management Support TA SERVICES MINISTRY OF FINANCE EPPD/Donor Co-ord/Budget/Etc. WS-PMU Programme Implementation Assistance TA SERVICES Water Sector Steering Committee (WSSC) Other Impl. Agency (IAs) Gov&NSA Implementing Agency (IA) MNRE WATER SECTOR GOALS & TARGETS S T A K E H O L D E R F O R U M Implementing Agency (IA) MOH D O N O R S Implementing Agency (IA) SWA Implementing Agency (IA) NGOs Implementing Agency (IA) MWSCD
  68. 68. Planning Page
  69. 69. Page <ul><li>Strategy for the Development of Samoa </li></ul><ul><li>National Development goals and priorities </li></ul>Enhancing people’s choice MNRE Business Plan SWA Corporate Plan NGO Action Plans MOH … . … . MWSCD … . … . Other … . … . Planning
  70. 70. Page <ul><li>Strategy for the Development of Samoa </li></ul><ul><li>National Development goals and priorities </li></ul>Planning
  71. 71. Page <ul><li>Strategy for the Development of Samoa </li></ul><ul><li>National Development goals and priorities </li></ul>Enhancing people’s choice Planning
  72. 72. Page <ul><li>Strategy for the Development of Samoa </li></ul><ul><li>National Development goals and priorities </li></ul>Enhancing people’s choice Educ. … … . Planning
  73. 73. Page <ul><li>Strategy for the Development of Samoa </li></ul><ul><li>National Development goals and priorities </li></ul>Enhancing people’s choice Health … … . Educ. … … . Planning
  74. 74. Page <ul><li>Strategy for the Development of Samoa </li></ul><ul><li>National Development goals and priorities </li></ul>Enhancing people’s choice <ul><li>Water Sector Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Sector goals, strategies and actions </li></ul><ul><li>Linking water supply, sanitation, wastewater, water resource </li></ul><ul><li>management </li></ul>Health … … . Educ. … … . Planning
  75. 75. Page <ul><li>Strategy for the Development of Samoa </li></ul><ul><li>National Development goals and priorities </li></ul>Enhancing people’s choice <ul><li>Water Sector Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Sector goals, strategies and actions </li></ul><ul><li>Linking water supply, sanitation, wastewater, water resource </li></ul><ul><li>management </li></ul>Health … … . Educ. … … . Other … … . Other … … . Other … … . Planning
  76. 76. Page <ul><li>Strategy for the Development of Samoa </li></ul><ul><li>National Development goals and priorities </li></ul>Enhancing people’s choice <ul><li>Water Sector Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Sector goals, strategies and actions </li></ul><ul><li>Linking water supply, sanitation, wastewater, water resource </li></ul><ul><li>management </li></ul>Health … … . Educ. … … . Other … … . Other … … . Other … … . Planning
  77. 77. Page <ul><li>Strategy for the Development of Samoa </li></ul><ul><li>National Development goals and priorities </li></ul>Enhancing people’s choice <ul><li>Water Sector Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Sector goals, strategies and actions </li></ul><ul><li>Linking water supply, sanitation, wastewater, water resource </li></ul><ul><li>management </li></ul>Health … … . Educ. … … . Other … … . Other … … . Other … … . MNRE Business Plan Planning
  78. 78. Page <ul><li>Strategy for the Development of Samoa </li></ul><ul><li>National Development goals and priorities </li></ul>Enhancing people’s choice <ul><li>Water Sector Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Sector goals, strategies and actions </li></ul><ul><li>Linking water supply, sanitation, wastewater, water resource </li></ul><ul><li>management </li></ul>Health … … . Educ. … … . Other … … . Other … … . Other … … . MNRE Business Plan SWA Corporate Plan Planning
  79. 79. Page <ul><li>Strategy for the Development of Samoa </li></ul><ul><li>National Development goals and priorities </li></ul>Enhancing people’s choice <ul><li>Water Sector Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Sector goals, strategies and actions </li></ul><ul><li>Linking water supply, sanitation, wastewater, water resource </li></ul><ul><li>management </li></ul>Health … … . Educ. … … . Other … … . Other … … . Other … … . MNRE Business Plan SWA Corporate Plan MOH … . … . Planning
  80. 80. Page <ul><li>Strategy for the Development of Samoa </li></ul><ul><li>National Development goals and priorities </li></ul>Enhancing people’s choice <ul><li>Water Sector Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Sector goals, strategies and actions </li></ul><ul><li>Linking water supply, sanitation, wastewater, water resource </li></ul><ul><li>management </li></ul>Health … … . Educ. … … . Other … … . Other … … . Other … … . MNRE Business Plan SWA Corporate Plan MOH … . … . MWSCD … . … . Planning
  81. 81. Page <ul><li>Strategy for the Development of Samoa </li></ul><ul><li>National Development goals and priorities </li></ul>Enhancing people’s choice <ul><li>Water Sector Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Sector goals, strategies and actions </li></ul><ul><li>Linking water supply, sanitation, wastewater, water resource </li></ul><ul><li>management </li></ul>Health … … . Educ. … … . Other … … . Other … … . Other … … . MNRE Business Plan SWA Corporate Plan NGO Action Plans MOH … . … . MWSCD … . … . Other … . … . Planning
  82. 82. Page <ul><li>Strategy for the Development of Samoa </li></ul><ul><li>National Development goals and priorities </li></ul>Enhancing people’s choice <ul><li>Water Sector Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Sector goals, strategies and actions </li></ul><ul><li>Linking water supply, sanitation, wastewater, water resource </li></ul><ul><li>management </li></ul>Health … … . Educ. … … . Other … … . Other … … . Other … … . MNRE Business Plan SWA Corporate Plan NGO Action Plans MOH … . … . MWSCD … . … . Other … . … . Planning
  83. 83. Basic elements Page
  84. 84. Basic elements Page Co-ordination Establish a Government-led process of co-ordination
  85. 85. Basic elements Page Policy and strategy Develop & agree a clear sector policy and strategy Co-ordination Establish a Government-led process of co-ordination
  86. 86. Basic elements Page Policy and strategy Develop & agree a clear sector policy and strategy Expenditure framework Develop & agree a medium- term expenditure framework Co-ordination Establish a Government-led process of co-ordination
  87. 87. Basic elements Page Policy and strategy Develop & agree a clear sector policy and strategy Expenditure framework Develop & agree a medium- term expenditure framework Co-ordination Establish a Government-led process of co-ordination Performance monitoring Develop common performance monitoring and reporting systems
  88. 88. Basic elements Page Policy and strategy Develop & agree a clear sector policy and strategy Expenditure framework Develop & agree a medium- term expenditure framework Co-ordination Establish a Government-led process of co-ordination Performance monitoring Develop common performance monitoring and reporting systems Institutional capacity Establish institutional capacity to manage & implement sector policy & strategy
  89. 89. <ul><li>A clear sector policy and strategy: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to know what government is aiming to achieve in the sector and how. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A medium term expenditure programme: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to clarify what is the expected level of internal and external resources and how these will be utilised </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A performance monitoring system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to measure progress towards the achievement of policy objectives and targeted results. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A strong institutional capacity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to plan, manage and implement the sector policy and action programme </li></ul></ul>Basic elements as good practice Page
  90. 90. <ul><li>Develop skills and systems progressively to meet needs as an integrated approach grows and mature </li></ul><ul><li>Work with realistic timeframes, change is not easy, and be realistic with expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Marry top-down with bottom-up, requires policy/strategy initiatives but also need to demonstrate and learn </li></ul><ul><li>People make the difference, it requires champions and leaders, as well as involving people out of the ‘water’ box </li></ul><ul><li>Communication needs to be in the right language for the right people – the emerging role of ‘translators’ </li></ul><ul><li>Stakeholder engagement and communication are key to success – bring them in from the start </li></ul><ul><li>Information needs to be shared widely among all stakeholders, and freely available </li></ul><ul><li>Uncertainty is integral in water management, use risk-based approaches to ensure no-regret solutions </li></ul>Lessons learned in the Pacific Page
  91. 91. <ul><li>Thank you </li></ul><ul><li>Dr Nigel Walmsley </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>Page
  92. 92. <ul><ul><li>GWP-C Learning Review is both retrospective and progressive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning review aims to: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Help GWP-C strengthen its programme and impact </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assess whether it is doing its work efficiently and effectively </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assess its institutional health </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where should GWP-C be focusing its efforts? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What strategic alliances required? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where can GWP-C bring the most added-value? </li></ul></ul>GWP-C Learning review Page

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