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IWRM: Global Perspective - Regional Solutions


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Presentation made at the 6th High Level Session Ministerial Forum of the Global Water Partnership-Caribbean (GWP-C).

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IWRM: Global Perspective - Regional Solutions

  1. 1. Global Water Partnership High Level Session IWRM: GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE – REGIONAL SOLUTIONS
  2. 2. Global Perspective <ul><li>AWWA’s State of the Industry Report identified 10 major challenges in the water industry </li></ul><ul><li>Six (6) of these identified here are also present in other regions such as South Africa </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Theft of water resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mismatch between water supply and water demand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Failure to achieve demand management targets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decaying infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deteriorating water quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of essential skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water is simply undervalued </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. WHAT IS INTEGRATED WATER RESOURCE MANAGEMENT ?(IWRM?) <ul><li>An IWRM approach is an open, flexible process that brings together decision makers across all sectors that impact water resources. </li></ul><ul><li>A process that brings all stakeholders to the table to set policy and make sound balanced decisions that meet specific water challenges </li></ul>
  4. 4. WHY IWRM? <ul><li>Fresh water is a finite and vulnerable resource, essential to life, development and the environment </li></ul><ul><li>Water development and management should be based on a participatory approach, involving users, planners and policy makers at all levels </li></ul><ul><li>Water has an economic value in all its competing uses and should be recognized as an economic good, taking into account affordability and equity criteria </li></ul>
  5. 5. New Approaches to IWRM <ul><li>Global appreciation of conservation for environmental, social and economic benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Water managers moving away from supply side solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Long term, integrated approaches </li></ul><ul><li>Demand Side Management solutions must prevail </li></ul><ul><li>IWRM can only be successful if there is a clear relationship between standards and policy </li></ul><ul><li>Local government MUST drive the implementation of IWRM but has to be supported and given autonomy by higher levels of government </li></ul>
  6. 6. COMPONENTS OF AN INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT STRATEGY <ul><li>Standards and policy </li></ul><ul><li>Land use and landscape architect </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental management and hydrology </li></ul><ul><li>Asset management </li></ul><ul><li>Finance </li></ul><ul><li>Education and public outreach </li></ul><ul><li>Operations and maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Demand management and reuse </li></ul><ul><li>Effective treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Drought Management </li></ul>
  7. 7. The City of Kelowna’s Experience: <ul><li>Reduced water consumption by 35% using IWRM </li></ul><ul><li>Target 45% within 2 years </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges before IWRM </li></ul><ul><li>30% population growth </li></ul><ul><li>No sustainable approaches </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of political will </li></ul><ul><li>Inequitable pricing </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>4 things were essential to achieving this success: </li></ul><ul><li>Political will : changed due to </li></ul><ul><li>crisis at hand </li></ul><ul><li>Water Metering : understanding </li></ul><ul><li>who is using the water </li></ul><ul><li>Effective Rates : ensuring that </li></ul><ul><li>various customer classes pay </li></ul><ul><li>their fair share </li></ul><ul><li>Public Education : social </li></ul><ul><li>marketing programs targeted </li></ul><ul><li>to specific users </li></ul>The City of Kelowna’s Experience:
  9. 9. POSSIBLE NEXT STEPS <ul><li>Consideration is being given to a conference/workshop that presents a holistic overview of IWRM for government officials and senior managers as part of the Effective Utility Management (EUM) Programme </li></ul>
  10. 10. Drought Management Plan <ul><li>Copies available at: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>