IWRM and regional diversity inBrazil: an adaptive managementopportunity or constraint?Osman Fernandes da SilvaMarseilleMar...
BRAZIL - CHARACTERIZATION                      SOCIOECONOMICAL ASPECTSDEMOGRAPHIC DENSITY                INDEX OF HUMAN DE...
BRAZILIAN FEDERAL CONSTITUTION (1988)                                Federal Rivers 105.810 km   • Around 75% of Brazil’s ...
National Water Resources Management System
National Water Resources Management System
Horizontal              BRAZILIAN            WATER AGENCY                                     Descentralization           ...
CROSS-SECTORIAL INTEGRATION•         INSTITUTIONAL          FRAMEWORK                                                     ...
PROBLEM                  CHARACTERISATION                        SOLUTION  High degree of          Highly urban-industrial...
NATIONAL UNITS FOR WATER     RESOURCES MANAGEMENT                                               Piranhas-Açu              ...
Conclusion• The institutions created to promote IWRM must  reflect regional/local conditions, like:   –   types of water r...
Thank you!           Osman Fernandes da Silva              Water Resources Expertosman.silva@ana.gov.br | (+55) (61) 2109 ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

IWRM and regional diversity in Brazil:  an adaptive management opportunity or constraint?

750 views

Published on

Osman Silva is an oceanographer and holds a PhD. in civil engineering from Campinas State University and a postdoctoral program from the Sao Paulo University, Brazil. He works as a deputy manager at the Department of Water Resources Management from the Brazilian National Water Agency (ANA).

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
750
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
5
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

IWRM and regional diversity in Brazil:  an adaptive management opportunity or constraint?

  1. 1. IWRM and regional diversity inBrazil: an adaptive managementopportunity or constraint?Osman Fernandes da SilvaMarseilleMarch 14, 2012
  2. 2. BRAZIL - CHARACTERIZATION SOCIOECONOMICAL ASPECTSDEMOGRAPHIC DENSITY INDEX OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT - IHD LEGEND Municipal IHD no information MEDIUM PRECIPITATION SURFACE WATER AVAILABILITY IHD Rank * 84° - Brazil - 0.718 20° - France - 0.884 • Area: 8,57 million Km² • Population: 192.376.496 (2011) LEGEND Specific Runoff (l/s/Km²) <2 2 to 4 4 to 10 10 to 20 20 to 40 > 40 Estimates for 2011. (Source: Wikipedia)
  3. 3. BRAZILIAN FEDERAL CONSTITUTION (1988) Federal Rivers 105.810 km • Around 75% of Brazil’s territory is State Rivers 526.825 km compounded by shared interstate river basins.Federal Jurisdiction(surface waters)State Jurisdiction(surface andgroundwater) • WRM is under 28 jurisdictions (so, we have 28 water management systems) • Multiple rules and procedures for management, operation and regulation
  4. 4. National Water Resources Management System
  5. 5. National Water Resources Management System
  6. 6. Horizontal BRAZILIAN WATER AGENCY Descentralization ical n Vert alizatio entr Desc Horizontal Descentralization• Shared management: is necessary to coordinate and organize the water governance at some levels• Fundament: clear division of competences and responsabilities (Subsidiarity Principle ‘Institutional’)• Governance: is necessary to evolve and insert representative actors in the process (stakeholders).• Requisites: resilient institutions, collaborative efforts and sound capacity at all levels.
  7. 7. CROSS-SECTORIAL INTEGRATION• INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK WATER FOR WATER• ENABLING AND WATER WATER WATER INDUS- ENVIRONMENT FOR FOR AND TRY SANIT- FOOD NATURE ENERGY AND ATION• MANAGEMENT OTHER INSTRUMENTS USES The Core Political Process: to facilitate a better understanding of water issues by political decision-makers, including sectors outside the water sector, and to help give greater consideration to these issues at all levels of decision-making. (http://www.worldwaterforum6.org/index.php?id=18) Source: Adapted by “Training manual on water integrity” (2009)
  8. 8. PROBLEM CHARACTERISATION SOLUTION High degree of Highly urban-industrialized basin PCJ Basin Committeewastewater pollution High IHD rank Water/Basin Agency Very high water High level of social organization Implementation of alldemand/availability manag. instrumentsLow-medium degree of Urban-rural basin Rio Grande Basin wastewater and Hydroelectric power generation Committee Office of agricultural pollution Medium IHD rank Water Medium water Medium level of social Implementation of demand/availability organization part of the manag. inst Rural basin Low degree of Piranhas-Açu Basin Low IHD rank pollution, but Committeeeutrophised reservoirs Low level of social organization in the committee, but high level of Reservoirs Very high water Management social organisation in the demand/availability Commission “Reservoirs Management Commission” (water allocation) Implement a few instr.
  9. 9. NATIONAL UNITS FOR WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Piranhas-Açu Committee Basin12 Hydrographic Regions and27 States Limits Rio Grande Committee Basin PCJ Committee Basin
  10. 10. Conclusion• The institutions created to promote IWRM must reflect regional/local conditions, like: – types of water related problems – level of social organization (or its potential) – financial capacity to support the actions – public authority’s technical capacity• IWRM and regional diversity in Brazil: an adaptive management opportunity or constraint?
  11. 11. Thank you! Osman Fernandes da Silva Water Resources Expertosman.silva@ana.gov.br | (+55) (61) 2109 –5438 www.ana.gov.br www.twitter.com/anagovbr www.youtube.com/anagovbr

×