What Is It? Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by bacteria. It can also be passed from a mother to her unborn child.It is a slow progressing disease that has many stages.
How Do You Get It?This disease can be transmitted through directcontact with an ulcer. The ways that thishappens are:– By having vaginal, anal, or oral sexual activity with an infected person– From an infected mother to her unborn childIt cannot be passed on by sharing utensils, towels, etc.
Symptoms Symptoms are the same in men and women. They can be mild and hard totell the differences from other STDs.Symptoms can take up to 3 months toappear after initial infection. Primary and secondary stages of this disease are very infectious.
Primary StageOne or more painless ulcers (called chancres) show upat the place where syphilis bacteria entered the body.This will usually happen 21 days after sexual contactwith an infected person. Chancres might not be easy tonotice and are very infectious. The typical place forchancres to be are:– On the vulva or on the cervix in women– On the penis in men– Around the anus and mouth (both genders)With no treatment the ulcers take from 2-6 weeks toheal.If it’s not treated by this point then it will progress tothe secondary stage.
Secondary StageThe symptoms in this stage usually include: – An illness like the flu, a loss of appetite and a feeling of tiredness, along with swollen glands (can last for weeks or months) – A non-itchy rash either covering the whole body or appearing in patches – Flat, warty-looking growths around the anus in both genders – White patches on the roof of mouth or tongue – Hair loss in patches During this stage it is very infectious and can be sexually transferred to a partner. The symptoms will generally clear up in several days, but is able to re-occur for years. If it’s treated at any time during the first two stages it will cure the infection.
Later Stages and Spreading• If an infected person has not had treatment during the first two stages then it will go to the latent stage. In this stage the person won’t have any symptoms, but the infection is still there.• If untreated, the infection can develop into the tertiary stage. This only develops after more than 10 years and is very serious. During this stage syphilis can affect the heart and the nervous system.• If treatment is given during the latent stage it can still be cured, but any heart or nervous system damage that happened before the start of treatment may be irreversible.
Function• It affects the reproductive system because it can be spread from a mother to a baby in her womb, and from contact between two people.• It also affects the integumentary system because it causes sores to form on the skin.
Treatment• This diseases is easy to cure in its earliest stages. Just one injection of penicillin or any other antibiotic will cure a person who has had syphilis for less than a year. More doses may be needed for someone who has had syphilis for longer than a year.• There aren’t any home treatments or over-the- counter medications the will cure it. Treatments will kill the syphilis bacteria and prevent further damage, but cannot repair the damage that has already been done.
Treatment Effects -Penicillin Side Effects-This medication can cause diarrhea, an upset stomach, nausea, and vomiting.It’s rare to have any other side effects, but if there are they will probably be either fever, bloody urine, unusualbleeding or bruising, yellow skin or eyes, or unusual weakness or tiredness.
This antibiotic had some side effects that canharm other systems. Some of these are:– Diarrhea (digestive system)– Upset stomach (digestive system)– Nausea (digestive system)– Vomiting (digestive system)– Bloody urine (urinary system)– Unusual bleeding or bruising (circulatory system)– Yellow skin or eyes (integumentary & nervous systems)