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Protection Sports in Perspective


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The history of canine protection sports are discussed with an emphasis on the relatively new sport of PSA, Protection Sports Association.

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Protection Sports in Perspective

  1. 1. An Introduction to Protection Sports
  2. 2. Jerry Bradshaw <ul><li>Training Director, Tarheel Canine Training, Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>Executive Director, National Tactical Police Dog Association (NTPDA) </li></ul><ul><li>Executive Director, Protection Sports Association (PSA) </li></ul><ul><li>Director of Judges, PSA </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluator, NTPDA </li></ul><ul><li>Ben V. Lowenfels SchH 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Arrow of Tigerpaws SchH 3 (22 nd Place 1996 USA Nationals) </li></ul><ul><li>Rocky BH, PPD 2, PSA 3 (2002 PSA 2 Nationals 2 nd Place) </li></ul><ul><li>Ricardo PH 1, PPD 2, PSA 3 (2003 PSA 3 National Champion) </li></ul><ul><li>Hall of Fame Inductee, PSA with Rocky </li></ul><ul><li>Holder of Schutzhund USA Bronze & Gold Sports medals </li></ul>
  3. 3. Protection Sports & their History <ul><li>1889 First Police Dog School Formed in Ghent, Belgium after demonstrations starting in 1880 by Edmund Moecheron and 3 Belgian Shepherds – Dax, Nic & Miss. Word spread across Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>Schutzhund (Germany) 1901 </li></ul><ul><li>KNPV (Holland) 1907 </li></ul><ul><li>Ring (Belgium & France) 1908 </li></ul><ul><li>There are other national sports in countries like Sweden, Czech Republic, Slovak Republic. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Schutzhund – A Three Phase Test <ul><li>Three levels SchH 1 through SchH 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Requires a BH pre-test (Obedience & Traffic Test) </li></ul><ul><li>Tracking (Precise) </li></ul><ul><li>Obedience (precise) </li></ul><ul><li>Controlled Aggression (Precise) </li></ul><ul><li>Competition worldwide </li></ul><ul><li>Known as IPO worldwide </li></ul>
  5. 5. KNPV – The Dutch Gladiator Sport <ul><li>KNPV is the Royal Dutch Police Dog Association </li></ul><ul><li>Awards certificates in PH 1, PH 2, Object Guard and others. </li></ul><ul><li>Is a pre-test for all Dutch Police Dogs </li></ul>
  6. 6. Ring Sports – Finesse & Speed <ul><li>French Ring – Decoy Vs. the Dog </li></ul><ul><li>Belgian Ring – Environmental Pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Mondio Ring – Ring Sport for the World </li></ul>
  7. 7. PSA – Next Generation Protection Sport <ul><li>PSA Tests Obedience & Controlled Aggression </li></ul><ul><li>Scenario Based Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Balancing Precision and Power! </li></ul>
  8. 8. Protection Sports are more than Protection
  9. 9. Commonalities among Original Protection Sports <ul><li>Early sports were designed to evaluate breeding suitability </li></ul><ul><li>Is the dog of sound temperament? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the dog trainable? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the dog courageous? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Personal Protection Sports include a civil aspect: Will he bite for real?
  11. 11. What is the genesis of Aggression?
  12. 12. Aggression…. <ul><li>Is a natural behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>Is a combination of the dog’s genetic makeup and conditioning. </li></ul><ul><li>Is scary to people who have never seen it up close. </li></ul><ul><li>Intent must be inferred from observed behaviors. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Behavioral Classifications of Canine Aggression <ul><li>Displacement   </li></ul><ul><li>Dominance   </li></ul><ul><li>Fear-Elicited   </li></ul><ul><li>Intra-Male   </li></ul><ul><li>Intra-Species   </li></ul><ul><li>Maternal   </li></ul><ul><li>Object Possessive   </li></ul><ul><li>Pain-Elicited   </li></ul><ul><li>Predatory   </li></ul><ul><li>Territorial </li></ul><ul><li>Idiopathic (my addition).   </li></ul><ul><li>From the American Dog Trainer’s Network website . </li></ul>
  14. 14. Drive Theory of Aggression <ul><li>Drives are inherent, genetically hard wired, behavioral responses to certain stimuli (triggers). </li></ul><ul><li>Prey Drive (trigger is movement) </li></ul><ul><li>Defense Drive (trigger is threat) </li></ul><ul><li>Social Drive (trigger is infringement of social position) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Fight Drive” (learned enjoyment of combat is a trained response). </li></ul>
  15. 15. Aggression in Perspective <ul><li>As pet trainers, we are usually thinking about mitigating aggression. </li></ul><ul><li>Protection trainers use aggression, and mold it using behavioral conditioning techniques. </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly, we are putting limits on the expression of the behavior once developed properly. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Building a Protection Sport (PSA) <ul><li>Surprise Scenario Driven </li></ul><ul><li>Obedience: Precision with Distraction </li></ul><ul><li>Protection: Tests Nerve & Control </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Distraction </li></ul><ul><li>Decoy Distraction </li></ul><ul><li>PDC, PSA 1 – PSA 3 </li></ul>
  17. 17. PSA 1 Obedience Exercises <ul><li>Focused Heeling On & Off leash </li></ul><ul><li>Sit/Down Motion Exercises </li></ul><ul><li>Recall to Heel/Finish </li></ul><ul><li>Long Down </li></ul><ul><li>Group Heeling in Muzzle </li></ul><ul><li>Decoy & Object Distractions </li></ul>
  18. 18. PSA 1 Protection – Car Jack Scenario <ul><li>Looking for civil aggression in the alert </li></ul><ul><li>Gunfire before & during the grip </li></ul>
  19. 19. PSA 1 Protection – Handler Attack <ul><li>Distractions Allowed: </li></ul><ul><li>Jugs with rocks. </li></ul><ul><li>Gunfire </li></ul><ul><li>Bottle curtain </li></ul><ul><li>Barricade of cardboard boxes. </li></ul><ul><li>Hula-hoops & streamers </li></ul><ul><li>Small pom-poms </li></ul><ul><li>Foam fingers or pool noodles </li></ul><ul><li>Trash can lids (banged together on entry) </li></ul><ul><li>Streamers </li></ul><ul><li>Toss a bucket of bottles upon entry. </li></ul><ul><li>No Water Distractions </li></ul>
  20. 20. PSA 1 Protection – Surprise Scenario <ul><li>Attack on Motorist (shown) </li></ul><ul><li>Send Through Tunnel </li></ul><ul><li>Transport with flight & Test of Courage </li></ul><ul><li>Re-directed Attack </li></ul><ul><li>Attack with Balls </li></ul>
  21. 21. PSA 1 Protection – Courage Test
  22. 22. PSA 2 – Bridging the Gap <ul><li>Surprise Obedience Routine </li></ul><ul><li>3 Pre-determined Protection Routines: </li></ul><ul><li>Dual Attack </li></ul><ul><li>Call-Off </li></ul><ul><li>Fended Attack </li></ul><ul><li>1 Surprise Scenario </li></ul>
  23. 23. PSA 3 Obedience <ul><li>Extreme Distraction </li></ul><ul><li>Agility </li></ul><ul><li>Off Leash Heeling </li></ul><ul><li>Motion Exercises </li></ul><ul><li>Recalls </li></ul><ul><li>Directed Jumping </li></ul><ul><li>Change of Position </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieve </li></ul><ul><li>Food Refusal </li></ul><ul><li>Send out </li></ul>
  24. 24. PSA 3 Protection <ul><li>Four Surprise Scenarios </li></ul><ul><li>Mandatory Exercises: </li></ul><ul><li>Courage test </li></ul><ul><li>Call-off </li></ul><ul><li>Suggested Exercises: </li></ul><ul><li>Remote transports </li></ul><ul><li>Object guards </li></ul><ul><li>Muzzle attacks </li></ul><ul><li>Send to hold & bark. </li></ul><ul><li>Simple area searches </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple call-offs. </li></ul><ul><li>Tests of nerve (heavy environmental distraction). </li></ul>
  25. 25. Object Guard
  26. 26. Police Dog Certification <ul><li>USPCA </li></ul><ul><li>NAPWDA </li></ul><ul><li>IPWDA </li></ul><ul><li>State Level Orgs </li></ul><ul><li>POST </li></ul><ul><li>WSPCA </li></ul>
  27. 27. National Tactical Police Dog Association (NTPDA) <ul><li>Scenario Driven </li></ul><ul><li>Patrol Certification: </li></ul><ul><li>Felony Vehicle Stops </li></ul><ul><li>Area Search </li></ul><ul><li>Building Search </li></ul><ul><li>Interview </li></ul><ul><li>Tactical Obedience </li></ul><ul><li>Narcotics, Explosives, Human Remains Detection. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Summary <ul><li>All training methodologies represented </li></ul><ul><li>Scenario driven sports/certifications on the rise </li></ul><ul><li>Rather than forcing dogs to be aggressive, we mold quality genetics into complex sequences of behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a lot of fun! </li></ul>
  29. 29. Question & Answer <ul><li>Thanks to </li></ul><ul><li>Thanks to Katrina Kardiasmenos for PSA Pics. </li></ul><ul><li>Thanks to Hillary Daly of TK9 for slide show! </li></ul>