Surrealism

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Surrealism

  1. 1. SURREALISM
  2. 2. Surrealism <ul><li>Cultural movement in the early 20s </li></ul><ul><li>Main interest, the question HOW CAN I BE FREE? </li></ul><ul><li>artworks: </li></ul><ul><li>real metaphors of freedom </li></ul><ul><li>A free game between mind and senses </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: to change life </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Founded officially in 1924, Paris </li></ul><ul><li>André Breton –French Poet </li></ul><ul><li>Served in medicine and psychiatry in a neurological hospital during the WWI </li></ul><ul><li>he used Sigmund Freud 's psychoanalytic methods </li></ul>
  4. 4. Sigmund Freud <ul><li>Based theory of the surrealism movement </li></ul><ul><li>Freud did not take them seriously, he did not accept it. </li></ul><ul><li>Breton visited him in 1921 </li></ul><ul><li>Refused patronage for the movement (Freud to Breton,1933) </li></ul><ul><li>He said about Dali´s pictures:”I did not try to find the unconscious in his paintings, but the conscious” </li></ul>
  5. 5. Art and life may renew if having contact with the forbidden zones of the mind : the unconscious <ul><li>Uncover hidden relations: </li></ul><ul><li>Memory </li></ul><ul><li>Desire </li></ul><ul><li>Conscious </li></ul><ul><li>A new reality </li></ul>
  6. 6. The dream <ul><li>Instrument to uncover ourselves </li></ul><ul><li>Id main actor in dreams </li></ul><ul><li>Dreamy mind = the true </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>At the beginning  a literature project </li></ul><ul><li>After mid-20s  focused on visual art </li></ul>
  8. 8. Pure Surrealist art <ul><li>Children´s art </li></ul><ul><li>Considering their inocent eyes and non-repressed mind. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><ul><li>Insanity : </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Supreme form of rebellion , the Great NO of the mind to the intolerable world </li></ul>
  10. 10. Surrealist Writers
  11. 11. Andre Breton (1896 – 1966) <ul><li>Define surrealism as: </li></ul><ul><li>Pure psychic automatism </li></ul><ul><li>Dictation of thought </li></ul><ul><li>Absence of control </li></ul><ul><li>Personal freedom and social liberation lay in the unconscious mind </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Member of the French Communist Party </li></ul><ul><li>Committed to Marxism </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote with Trotsky a Paper on the civil liberties of an artist </li></ul>
  13. 13. Constellations <ul><li>Last poetical work </li></ul><ul><li>1959 </li></ul><ul><li>Series of poems </li></ul><ul><li>Joan Miro gouaches </li></ul>
  14. 14. Paul Eluard (1895 – 1952) <ul><li>Born in Paris </li></ul><ul><li>Son of a bookkeeper </li></ul><ul><li>Became interested in poetry while in a Swiss sanatorium </li></ul><ul><li>Injured by gas in WWI </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>1917 </li></ul><ul><li>Married Helena Diakonova (Gala) </li></ul><ul><li>Was his inspiration </li></ul>
  16. 16. The Misfortunes of the Immortals <ul><li>Collage Novel </li></ul><ul><li>Max Ernst pictures </li></ul><ul><li>Made of scraps of illustrations cut out from old books </li></ul>
  17. 23. <ul><li>1924 </li></ul><ul><li>Mysterious disappearence </li></ul><ul><li>Rumours of death… </li></ul><ul><li>Reappearence </li></ul><ul><li>Long jorney from Marseilles to Tahiti, Indonesia and Ceylan </li></ul>
  18. 24. <ul><li>Journey later connected with </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of Gala </li></ul><ul><li>Fall in love with Salvador Dali </li></ul><ul><li>1932 divorced </li></ul>
  19. 25. Surrealist Technics <ul><li>Exquisite Corpse </li></ul><ul><li>Calligramme </li></ul><ul><li>Automatic Writing </li></ul><ul><li>Cut-up technique </li></ul>
  20. 26. <ul><li>Exquisite Corpse </li></ul><ul><li>Favourite game </li></ul><ul><li>3 – 4 participants </li></ul><ul><li>Ad things to the writing or drawing </li></ul><ul><li>Without knowing what the others had done </li></ul>
  21. 28. <ul><ul><li>Calligrame </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guillaume Apollinaire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Breaks with the logical and syntactic structure of the poem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drawing with words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First in using the word SURREALISM </li></ul></ul>
  22. 32. <ul><li>Automatic writing </li></ul><ul><li>Used to liberate subconscious </li></ul><ul><li>Breton’s favorite subject </li></ul><ul><li>Cut-up Technique </li></ul><ul><li>Used in the collage novel </li></ul>
  23. 33. <ul><li>PAINTING TECHNIQUES </li></ul><ul><li>Levitation </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency </li></ul><ul><li>Repetition </li></ul><ul><li>Juxtaposition </li></ul>
  24. 34. <ul><li>Example of the Object scale technique </li></ul>
  25. 35. <ul><li>Example of: </li></ul><ul><li>Stages </li></ul><ul><li>Curtains </li></ul><ul><li>Juxtaposition </li></ul>
  26. 37. <ul><li>Magritte </li></ul><ul><li>Used </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols of: </li></ul><ul><li>Mirrors </li></ul><ul><li>Windows </li></ul><ul><li>Eyes </li></ul>
  27. 38. The Lost Jockey 1926
  28. 39. The Lovers
  29. 40. The Son of the Man
  30. 41. The False Mirror 1928
  31. 42. ThE eNd

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