Introduction to the Industrial Revolution 9 TH G R A D E W O R L D H I S T O R Y
“Necessity is the mother of invention,” Quote by the Ancient Greek Philosopher Plato. This Quote will be our theme through the Industrial Revolution. What does this quote mean?
Then Industrial Revolution Let’s break this down between the two words: Industry- being involved in business activity. Revolution- A major change or changing event. So….the Industrial Revolution was: a major change in types of business and activities of businesses.
Changes in Business The “business” of humans has shifted 3 major times throughout history. Our first business- Hunting and gathering for food (Pre-Civilization). Our second business- Farming (the beginning of cities and civilization). Our third business- Industry in 1815 (factories, cities, machines, mass production)
Concepts in this unit:1. Cause and Effect- How one event leads to another2. Problems and Solutions3. Needs and Solutions4. An increase in Capitalism $$$; cause for shift in farm econ and econ based on manufacturing; investment, market systems; overcrowding/urbanization5. Improvements in technology, medicine, law and government; importance of inventions6. A new shift in thought after end of the Enlightenment
Review of Past Movements and Locations Movement ---------- Starting Location 1. Christianity ------- Rome, Italy 2. Renaissance ----- Florence, Italy 3. Protestant Reformation ------Germany 4. Enlightenment----- Paris, France 5. Industrial Revolution ----- England
The Goals of the Industrial Rev. Make more products for less money at a faster pace. Use cheap labor (pay workers less) and raise prices to make more money. Use more technology and more workers to make products faster. Gain a monopoly over an industry and control prices. What problems do you see with these goals?
Thinking of Thomas Jefferson Thomas Jefferson-3rd United States President, saw the Industrial Revolution coming from Britain. Jefferson was opposed to idea of Industrialization. Believed that moving from an agricultural economy to a business/industry economy would MORALLY destroy society. Why did Jefferson believe this? Do you agree with him?
Pros and Cons List On your notes, create a chart listing the good and bad effects: moving from a farm based economy to an industrial based economy and the impacts it had on society. Things to think about: What kind of society do we have in St. Louis? How is society different in areas that focus on farming, rather than industry?
Final Task After looking at your pros and cons chart, write a paragraph that explains whether you do or do not agree with Jefferson’s idea. What good/bad things do you think came from the shift of farm based economy to an industry based economy?