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Categorising Web 2.0 Apps for Education

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Make sense of the Web 2.0 landscape by looking at supported technologies offer for content capture and communication

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Categorising Web 2.0 Apps for Education

  1. 1. A Taxonomy of Web 2.0 Technologies (and the role of Twitter in Higher Education) ALT-C 2010 Guy Saward, University of Hertfordshire
  2. 2. <ul><li>What’s the point of Twitter? </li></ul><ul><li>Why a wiki? Why not a blog? </li></ul><ul><li>How do I podcast my lectures? </li></ul>Who Cares?
  3. 3. Participation Engagement Enhancement
  4. 4. Wikis Blogs Audio Video RSS Social Software Microblog Tumblelog IM Bookmarks SMS Forums Email
  5. 5. Digital Literacy ≠ ICT skills <ul><li>“ Staff capability with ICT is a further dimension of the digital divide … </li></ul><ul><li>and effective use of technology to enhance learning is as much of an issue as getting it to work” [JISC 2009] </li></ul>
  6. 6. Knowledge: explicit and tacit Content Communication Information: transmission/decode encoding /
  7. 7. Content <ul><li>web (1.0) </li></ul><ul><li>Which is “King”? </li></ul><ul><li>email </li></ul>Communication
  8. 8. Content <ul><li>books </li></ul><ul><li>What do we need? </li></ul><ul><li>people </li></ul>Communication
  9. 9. Content <ul><li>What have we got? </li></ul>Communication
  10. 10. Content <ul><li>reference </li></ul>Communication narrative message presence
  11. 11. Content Communication reference narrative message presence
  12. 12. Online Reference material <ul><li>Wiki(pedia) as definitive web 2.0 reference </li></ul><ul><ul><li>large item size (lots of content on a page) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>large collection size (lots of pages) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Delicious provide references </li></ul><ul><ul><li>links other online content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>smaller item size (1024 char in notes) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RSS provide references to updates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>small items in themselves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>non-persistant => no structure / search </li></ul></ul>wiki social book marks news feed
  13. 13. References – How much content? <ul><li>Can construct an order based on how much content each technology can / typically support </li></ul><ul><li>Debatable what is web 2.0, e.g. RSS (yes?), ebooks (no?), annotations (yes?) => work to do </li></ul>wiki social book marks RSS more structure / persistence bigger items more items
  14. 14. blog tumblelog micro blog mixed media bigger items more structure Narrative forum email SMS bigger item mixed media more structure / context Messaging e-confer -ence virtual world online chat mixed media easier access Presence
  15. 15. Reference material – Comms Order <ul><li>Can order technology by how much communication each can / typically supports </li></ul><ul><li>Note: focus on primary purpose of each tech, e.g. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>wiki’s can have forums to support comms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… but not defining character </li></ul></ul>wiki social book marks RSS higher freq. & push higher push in change indicators
  16. 16. Classification of Web 2.0 Technologies communication content freq+sync size+struct wiki blog forum email SMS twitter online chat tumblelog social book marks RSS 2Life eConfer-ence
  17. 17. Who Cares?
  18. 18. <ul><li>What’s the point of Twitter? </li></ul><ul><li>Why a wiki? Why not a blog? </li></ul><ul><li>How do I podcast my lectures? </li></ul>
  19. 19. How do I podcast my lectures? <ul><li>Content: audio vs video vs slideshow </li></ul><ul><li>Comms: nothing </li></ul><ul><li>notification </li></ul><ul><li> enclosure vs url </li></ul><ul><li> stream vs download </li></ul><ul><li> auto vs manual </li></ul><ul><li>(New Oxford American Dictionary no help) </li></ul>
  20. 20. tumblelog micro blog tumblelog micro blog blog wiki blog forum email SMS e-confer -ence virtual world online chat wiki social book marks RSS mixed media bigger items more structure bigger item mixed media more structure / context mixed media easier access more structure / persistence bigger items more items bigger items more items bigger items mixed media more structure / persistence more structure / persistence bigger items better structure? bigger items mixed media more structure / persistence more structure / persistence more items / structure more structure / persistence more structure / persistence more persistence
  21. 21. blog tumblelog micro blog forum email SMS e-confer -ence virtual world online chat wiki social book marks RSS comms classification higher freq. / intensity higher freq.
  22. 22. Does it help?
  23. 23. blog tumblelog micro blog forum email SMS e-confer -ence virtual world online chat wiki social book marks RSS content ranking by CPD learners
  24. 24. blog tumblelog micro blog forum email SMS e-confer -ence virtual world online chat wiki social book marks RSS comms ranking by CPD learners
  25. 25. Conclusions for CPD <ul><li>Taxonomy answers basic questions </li></ul><ul><li>provides structure for reflection </li></ul><ul><li>identifies areas for development </li></ul><ul><li>=> content=ref, comms=msgs </li></ul><ul><li>=> student plans content focussed </li></ul><ul><li>Creating content/comms work in progress </li></ul>
  26. 26. Conclusions for Practice <ul><li>Invest more time in fewer things </li></ul><ul><li>Design learning, select technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Convergence will blur the picture </li></ul>
  27. 27. Does it work for you? Links with theory >
  28. 28. Application to Learning Theories <ul><li>Objectivism </li></ul><ul><li>objective knowledge => content  (creation of true models of reality/knowledge by authorities) </li></ul><ul><li>transmission => comms (teacher-learner interact) </li></ul><ul><li>Constructivism </li></ul><ul><li>constructed knowledge => content (creation of personal/shared knowledge by learner) </li></ul><ul><li>collaborative => comms (&quot;effective&quot;, high content) </li></ul><ul><li>active =>  content (engage with/apply to) </li></ul>
  29. 29. Application to Learning Theories <ul><li>Community of Inquiry </li></ul><ul><li>social presence => comms (low content) </li></ul><ul><li>teaching presence => content (structure) </li></ul><ul><li>cognitive presence => high content needed to &quot;construct meaning through sustained comms&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Community of Practice </li></ul><ul><li>domain of practice => content </li></ul><ul><li>community to share/discuss/challenge => comms </li></ul>
  30. 30. Technology Classification tumblelog communication content freq+sync size+struct wiki blog 2Life forum email SMS twitter eConference online chat tumblelog social book mark RSS <ul><li>features </li></ul><ul><li>multimedia blog </li></ul><ul><li>tumblr/facebook </li></ul><ul><li>content </li></ul><ul><li>video, images </li></ul><ul><li>low text content </li></ul><ul><li>comms </li></ul><ul><li>comments/forum </li></ul><ul><li>track back </li></ul>

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