Fostering & Assessing Spatial Reasoning at Museum Exhibits

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Josh Gutwill gave this presentation at the annual meeting of the Visitor Studies Association in Phoenix, AZ on July 30, 2010.

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  • 35% response - sent 6 weeks after
  • 35% response - sent 6 weeks after
  • 35% response - sent 6 weeks after
  • 35% response - sent 6 weeks after
  • 35% response - sent 6 weeks after
  • 35% response - sent 6 weeks after
  • Fostering & Assessing Spatial Reasoning at Museum Exhibits

    1. 1. Fostering and Assessing Spatial Reasoning Josh Gutwill Acting Director of Visitor Research Exploratorium Visitor Studies Association Conference Phoenix, AZ July 30, 2010
    2. 2. Talk overview <ul><li>Brief description of Geometry Playground </li></ul><ul><li>Defining and coding for Spatial Reasoning </li></ul>Josh Gutwill
    3. 3. Geometry Playground Team <ul><li>Alyson Abriel </li></ul><ul><li>Kevin Boyd </li></ul><ul><li>Olimpia Cerda </li></ul><ul><li>Toni Dancu </li></ul><ul><li>Eric Dimond </li></ul><ul><li>Amisha Gadani </li></ul><ul><li>Joshua Gutwill </li></ul><ul><li>Nina Hido </li></ul><ul><li>Richard Johnson </li></ul><ul><li>Lori Lambertson </li></ul><ul><li>Kristina Larsen </li></ul><ul><li>Sebastian Martin </li></ul>Jennifer Mattson Peggy Monahan Johanna Pedersen Diane Pfeiffer Anne Richardson Tom Rockwell Susan Sandlin Lisa Sindorf Eric Socolofsky Paul Stepahin Mary Elizabeth Yarbrough
    4. 4. Geometry Playground Team <ul><li>Alyson Abriel </li></ul><ul><li>Kevin Boyd </li></ul><ul><li>Olimpia Cerda </li></ul><ul><li>Toni Dancu </li></ul><ul><li>Eric Dimond </li></ul><ul><li>Amisha Gadani </li></ul><ul><li>Joshua Gutwill </li></ul><ul><li>Nina Hido </li></ul><ul><li>Richard Johnson </li></ul><ul><li>Lori Lambertson </li></ul><ul><li>Kristina Larsen </li></ul><ul><li>Sebastian Martin </li></ul>Jennifer Mattson Peggy Monahan Johanna Pedersen Diane Pfeiffer Anne Richardson Tom Rockwell Susan Sandlin Lisa Sindorf Eric Socolofsky Paul Stepahin Mary Elizabeth Yarbrough
    5. 5. Geometry Playground <ul><li>Deliverables: </li></ul>
    6. 6. Geometry Playground <ul><li>Deliverables: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traveling Exhibit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Geometry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Immersive </li></ul></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Geometry Playground <ul><li>Deliverables: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traveling Exhibit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Geometry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Immersive </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outdoor Exhibits </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Geometry Playground <ul><li>Deliverables: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traveling Exhibit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Geometry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Immersive </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outdoor Exhibits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Website </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Geometry Playground <ul><li>Deliverables: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traveling Exhibit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Geometry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Immersive </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outdoor Exhibits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Website </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Immersivity </li></ul></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Geometry Playground <ul><li>Deliverables: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traveling Exhibit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Geometry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Immersive </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outdoor Exhibits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Website </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Immersivity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spatial Reasoning </li></ul></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Geometry Playground <ul><li>Learning Goals: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spatial Reasoning </li></ul></ul>Josh Gutwill
    12. 12. Geometry Playground <ul><li>Learning Goals: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spatial Reasoning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engagement </li></ul></ul>Josh Gutwill
    13. 13. Geometry Playground <ul><li>Learning Goals: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spatial Reasoning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engagement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Interactions </li></ul></ul>Josh Gutwill
    14. 14. Geometry Playground <ul><li>Learning Goals: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spatial Reasoning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engagement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Interactions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive Experiences </li></ul></ul>Josh Gutwill
    15. 15. Research Methods <ul><li>Audio/Video </li></ul>Josh Gutwill
    16. 16. Research Methods <ul><li>Audio/Video </li></ul>Josh Gutwill
    17. 17. Research Methods <ul><li>Audio/Video </li></ul>Josh Gutwill
    18. 18. Research Methods <ul><li>Audio/Video </li></ul>Josh Gutwill
    19. 19. Research Methods <ul><li>Audio/Video </li></ul><ul><li>Interview </li></ul>Josh Gutwill
    20. 20. Research Methods <ul><li>Audio/Video </li></ul><ul><li>Interview </li></ul><ul><li>Follow-up Survey </li></ul>Josh Gutwill
    21. 21. Spatial Reasoning Josh Gutwill Video of visitors engaging in spatial reasoning has been removed from this presentation
    22. 22. Defining Spatial Reasoning <ul><ul><li>“ Understanding, manipulating, reorganizing, or interpreting relationships visually ”   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spatial perception </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Determining spatial relationships with respect to the orientation of their own bodies ” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mental rotation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Rotating a figure” mentally </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spatial visualization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Complicated, multi-step manipulations of spatially presented information ” </li></ul></ul></ul>Linn and Peterson (1985) Tartre (1990) Josh Gutwill
    23. 23. Defining Spatial Reasoning 10 Categories
    24. 24. Defining Spatial Reasoning <ul><li>Shape </li></ul>10 Categories “ That’s a cylinder.”
    25. 25. Defining Spatial Reasoning <ul><li>Shape </li></ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul>10 Categories “ Don’t get so close to it.”
    26. 26. Defining Spatial Reasoning <ul><li>Shape </li></ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Movement </li></ul>10 Categories “ Wow, you are fast!”
    27. 27. Defining Spatial Reasoning <ul><li>Shape </li></ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Size </li></ul>10 Categories “ The blue part is huge!”
    28. 28. Defining Spatial Reasoning <ul><li>Shape </li></ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Size </li></ul><ul><li>Orientation </li></ul>10 Categories It’s tilted.”
    29. 29. Defining Spatial Reasoning <ul><li>Shape </li></ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Size </li></ul><ul><li>Orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Curvature </li></ul>10 Categories “ Draw a curved line.”
    30. 30. Defining Spatial Reasoning <ul><li>Shape </li></ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Size </li></ul><ul><li>Orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Curvature </li></ul><ul><li>Congruence </li></ul>10 Categories “ This one is just like that one”
    31. 31. Defining Spatial Reasoning <ul><li>Shape </li></ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Size </li></ul><ul><li>Orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Curvature </li></ul><ul><li>Congruence </li></ul><ul><li>Construction </li></ul>10 Categories “ Arrange them like that”
    32. 32. Defining Spatial Reasoning <ul><li>Shape </li></ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Size </li></ul><ul><li>Orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Curvature </li></ul><ul><li>Congruence </li></ul><ul><li>Construction </li></ul><ul><li>Rotation </li></ul>10 Categories “ That one is spinning”
    33. 33. Defining Spatial Reasoning <ul><li>Shape </li></ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Size </li></ul><ul><li>Orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Curvature </li></ul><ul><li>Congruence </li></ul><ul><li>Construction </li></ul><ul><li>Rotation </li></ul><ul><li>Transformation </li></ul>10 Categories “ It morphed into a block”
    34. 34. Coding Verbal Spatial Reasoning <ul><li>Listen for spatial phrases or ideas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over, under, spin, triangle…. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Code from beginning to end of utterance </li></ul><ul><li>Sounds easy enough… </li></ul>Process: Josh Gutwill
    35. 35. Uh-oh moment <ul><li>TONS of concepts use spatial terms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I feel a headache coming on .” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ This exhibit is taking too long .” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I can’t figure this out .” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Oh, man, that is so twisted .” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Easy to drift from core meaning of spatial </li></ul><ul><ul><li>My body looks stretched </li></ul></ul>normal weird Josh Gutwill Lakoff & Johnson, 1980
    36. 36. Thank you Thesaurus.com! Josh Gutwill
    37. 37. Final process <ul><li>Is it a Spatial term? </li></ul>
    38. 38. Final process <ul><li>Is it a Spatial term? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Check against list </li></ul></ul>200 Core Terms Shape Angle, area, border… Location Above, after, along… Movement Approach, away… Size Big, contract, expand… Orientation Along, face away… Curvature Bend, bump, curve… … .
    39. 39. Final process <ul><li>Is it a Spatial term? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Check against list </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If on list, code it </li></ul></ul>200 Core Terms Shape Angle, area, border… Location Above, after, along… Movement Approach, away… Size Big, contract, expand… Orientation Along, face away… Curvature Bend, bump, curve… … . Yes Spatial
    40. 40. Final process <ul><li>Is it a Spatial term? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Check against list </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If on list, code it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If off, check thesaurus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If definition words are on list, code it </li></ul></ul></ul>200 Core Terms Shape Angle, area, border… Location Above, after, along… Movement Approach, away… Size Big, contract, expand… Orientation Along, face away… Curvature Bend, bump, curve… … . Yes Spatial No Check Thesaurus Definition Words core?
    41. 41. Final process <ul><li>Is it a Spatial term? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Check against list </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If on list, code it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If off, check thesaurus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If definition words are on list, code it </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Check context </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used spatially? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On-task talk? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Include entire utterance </li></ul>200 Core Terms Shape Angle, area, border… Location Above, after, along… Movement Approach, away… Size Big, contract, expand… Orientation Along, face away… Curvature Bend, bump, curve… … . Yes Spatial No Check Thesaurus Definition Words core?
    42. 42. Example
    43. 43. Example <ul><li>“Look, it’s a doughnut .” </li></ul>
    44. 44. Example <ul><li>“Look, it’s a doughnut .” </li></ul>200 Core Terms
    45. 45. Example <ul><li>“Look, it’s a doughnut .” </li></ul>200 Core Terms Doughnut
    46. 46. Example <ul><li>“Look, it’s a doughnut .” </li></ul>Definition: Sweet ring- shaped fried cake 200 Core Terms Doughnut
    47. 47. Example <ul><li>“Look, it’s a doughnut .” </li></ul>Definition: Sweet ring- shaped fried cake 200 Core Terms Doughnut Context: Describing a rotated image
    48. 48. Spatial Reasoning Levels Level Examples National Research Council, 2006
    49. 49. Spatial Reasoning Levels <ul><li>Static Features </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a square . </li></ul><ul><li>T h e blue space is really big . </li></ul><ul><li>I ’m on the line . </li></ul>Level Examples National Research Council, 2006
    50. 50. Spatial Reasoning Levels <ul><li>Static Features </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic Processes </li></ul>You’re trying to make a square here. Roll the puck through the pegs. Spin your body around . Level Examples National Research Council, 2006
    51. 51. Spatial Reasoning Levels <ul><li>Static Features </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic Processes </li></ul><ul><li>Cause & effect </li></ul>It’s shaped like an arrow , so it makes the hourglass. Spin around to make the cylinder. Look in the mirror, the line is curved there. Level Examples National Research Council, 2006
    52. 52. What’s the point? Josh Gutwill
    53. 53. What’s the point? <ul><li>Research Question: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the effect of Whole-Body Immersive exhibits on the Visitor experience? </li></ul></ul>Research on Exhibit Design Josh Gutwill
    54. 54. What’s the point? <ul><li>Research Question: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the effect of Whole-Body Immersive exhibits on the Visitor experience? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Quasi-Experimental Design </li></ul>Research on Exhibit Design Josh Gutwill Immersive
    55. 55. What’s the point? <ul><li>Research Question: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the effect of Whole-Body Immersive exhibits on the Visitor experience? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Quasi-Experimental Design </li></ul>Research on Exhibit Design Josh Gutwill Immersive Non-Immersive
    56. 56. What’s the point? <ul><li>Research Question: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the effect of Whole-Body Immersive exhibits on the Visitor experience? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Quasi-Experimental Design </li></ul>Research on Exhibit Design Josh Gutwill Immersive Non-Immersive Mixed
    57. 57. Results Coming Soon! <ul><li>Immersive vs. Non-Immersive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of exhibit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time spent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spatial reasoning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Memorable quality - photos taken & follow-up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attitude toward geometry and math </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mixed condition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spatial reasoning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exhibit comparisons </li></ul></ul>Josh Gutwill
    58. 58. Questions? Josh Gutwill: [email_address]

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