Sentence Structure       By Gustavo Pérez
Sentence StructureSkill focus: The production ofgrammatically correct, structurally soundand meaningful sentences.
What is a Clause?A clause is a group of words that contains bothand subject and verb.There are two clauses DEPENDENT andIN...
Example Dependent ClauseBefore we startAfter the sun went downWhile we waitedWhen we were younger
Example Independent ClausesWe will say a prayer.We made a bonfire on the beach.We listened to our I-pods.We played silly g...
Simple and Compound SentencesSimple Sentence = ONE independentclause and NO dependent clauses. – Ex. Brandy’s favorite ass...
Complex SentencesComplex Sentence = ONE independentclause and one or more dependentclauses.– Ex. When we went fishing, I h...
Kinds of Dependent Clauses Adjective Clause = a dependent clause used as an adjective. It answers the questions: what kind...
Kinds of Dependent Clauses Adverb Clause = a dependent clause used as an adverb. It answers the questions: where, when, wh...
Kinds of Dependent Clauses Noun Clause – a dependent clause uses as a noun. It can be used as a subject, P.N., D.O., I.O.,...
Compound-Complex SentencesA compound-complex sentence = TWO ormore independents clause and one ormore dependent clauses. –...
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Sentence structure 1

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Sentence structure 1

  1. 1. Sentence Structure By Gustavo Pérez
  2. 2. Sentence StructureSkill focus: The production ofgrammatically correct, structurally soundand meaningful sentences.
  3. 3. What is a Clause?A clause is a group of words that contains bothand subject and verb.There are two clauses DEPENDENT andINDEPENDENT.DEPENDENT clauses have a subject and verb,but they do not make sense by themselves.They depend on something else in order tomake sense.INDEPENDENT clause have a subject and verband are complete thoughts. They can standalone.
  4. 4. Example Dependent ClauseBefore we startAfter the sun went downWhile we waitedWhen we were younger
  5. 5. Example Independent ClausesWe will say a prayer.We made a bonfire on the beach.We listened to our I-pods.We played silly games.
  6. 6. Simple and Compound SentencesSimple Sentence = ONE independentclause and NO dependent clauses. – Ex. Brandy’s favorite assignment is writing.Compound Sentence = Two or moreindependent clauses and NO dependentclauses. – Ex. Brandy likes to write; she loves the challenge.
  7. 7. Complex SentencesComplex Sentence = ONE independentclause and one or more dependentclauses.– Ex. When we went fishing, I had no luck.– Ex. The president of student council, who is my best friend, is a true leader.– Ex. I love the way she sings because she sounds like an angel.
  8. 8. Kinds of Dependent Clauses Adjective Clause = a dependent clause used as an adjective. It answers the questions: what kind, which one, how many, or how much. Adjective clauses usually start with words such as: who, whom, whose, that, or which.Ex. Max is a student who likes to learn.
  9. 9. Kinds of Dependent Clauses Adverb Clause = a dependent clause used as an adverb. It answers the questions: where, when, why, how, to what extent, and under what conditions. Adverb clauses usually start with words such as: before, because, or when.Ex. Because the weather was bad, school was cancelled.
  10. 10. Kinds of Dependent Clauses Noun Clause – a dependent clause uses as a noun. It can be used as a subject, P.N., D.O., I.O., or O.P. Noun clauses can start with words such as: that, whomever, whichever, what, or who.Ex. Whoever is making that noise must stop!
  11. 11. Compound-Complex SentencesA compound-complex sentence = TWO ormore independents clause and one ormore dependent clauses. – Ex. While we were waiting, she challenged me to a game of tic-tac-toe, and I won!

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