Sentence StructureSkill focus: The production ofgrammatically correct, structurally soundand meaningful sentences.
What is a Clause?A clause is a group of words that contains bothand subject and verb.There are two clauses DEPENDENT andINDEPENDENT.DEPENDENT clauses have a subject and verb,but they do not make sense by themselves.They depend on something else in order tomake sense.INDEPENDENT clause have a subject and verband are complete thoughts. They can standalone.
Example Dependent ClauseBefore we startAfter the sun went downWhile we waitedWhen we were younger
Example Independent ClausesWe will say a prayer.We made a bonfire on the beach.We listened to our I-pods.We played silly games.
Simple and Compound SentencesSimple Sentence = ONE independentclause and NO dependent clauses. – Ex. Brandy’s favorite assignment is writing.Compound Sentence = Two or moreindependent clauses and NO dependentclauses. – Ex. Brandy likes to write; she loves the challenge.
Complex SentencesComplex Sentence = ONE independentclause and one or more dependentclauses.– Ex. When we went fishing, I had no luck.– Ex. The president of student council, who is my best friend, is a true leader.– Ex. I love the way she sings because she sounds like an angel.
Kinds of Dependent Clauses Adjective Clause = a dependent clause used as an adjective. It answers the questions: what kind, which one, how many, or how much. Adjective clauses usually start with words such as: who, whom, whose, that, or which.Ex. Max is a student who likes to learn.
Kinds of Dependent Clauses Adverb Clause = a dependent clause used as an adverb. It answers the questions: where, when, why, how, to what extent, and under what conditions. Adverb clauses usually start with words such as: before, because, or when.Ex. Because the weather was bad, school was cancelled.
Kinds of Dependent Clauses Noun Clause – a dependent clause uses as a noun. It can be used as a subject, P.N., D.O., I.O., or O.P. Noun clauses can start with words such as: that, whomever, whichever, what, or who.Ex. Whoever is making that noise must stop!
Compound-Complex SentencesA compound-complex sentence = TWO ormore independents clause and one ormore dependent clauses. – Ex. While we were waiting, she challenged me to a game of tic-tac-toe, and I won!