Internet of Things and Smart Cities

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Internet of Things and Smart Cities

  1. 1. Internet das Coisas e Smart CitiesGustavo Henrique Rodrigues Pinto Tomas (ghrpt@cin.ufpe.br) Welington Manoel da Silva (wms4@cin.ufpe.br)
  2. 2. Agenda• Internet das coisas o Paradigma IoT o Tecnologias o Arquitetura de middleware o Aplicações o Desafios• Smart Cities o O que é? o Estrutura de uma Smart City o Smart Community o Smar Home o Desafios• IoT e Smart Cities
  3. 3. Paradigma IoT Presença pervasiva de uma variedade de coisas que, através de esquemas únicos de endereçamento, podem interagir uns com os outros afim de atingir um objeto comum. (L. Atzori et al, 2010)
  4. 4. Um paradigma, muitas visões L. Atzori et al., The Internet of Things: A survey, Comput. Netw. (2010)
  5. 5. Tecnologias• Identificação, sensoriamento e comunicação o RFID o Rede de Sensores  ZigBee  ... o IEEE 802.14.4 o ...• Middleware o Service Oriented Architecture
  6. 6. Arquitetura de middleware L. Atzori et al., The Internet of Things: A survey, Comput. Netw. (2010)
  7. 7. Aplicações• Transporte• Logística• Saúde• Sensoriamento• Qualidade de vida• ...
  8. 8. Desafios• Segurança o Ataque físico o Ataque wireless o Baixo poder computacional• Privacidade o Legislação de cada país o "Problema enquanto os usuários não usam" o Quem vai coletar o dado? Quando?
  9. 9. Smart Cities
  10. 10. Smart City - O que é? "The next generation information technology to all walks of life..." - Samuel Palmisano – IBM, 2009 (SU; LI; FU, 2011) "Smart city as the use of information and communication technology to sense, analyze and integrate the key information of core systems in running cities. At the same time, smart city can make intelligent response to different kinds of needs, including daily livelihood, environmental protection, public safety and city services, industrial and commercial activities." (QIN; LI; ZHAO, 2010)
  11. 11. Smat City - O que é?"A Smart City provides ubiquitous connectivity, future-proof broadband capacity and total wireless fidelity, with IP-enabled devices communicating and being managed through a control center, allowing tenants, residents, and visitors’ real-time access to key information about their environment from anywhere." (International Data Corporation) (PAN et al,2011)
  12. 12. Smart, porém simples "Cities must use new technologies to transform their systems to optimize the use of finite resources. The topics of the optimization include Transportation, Public Safety, Energy/Utilities, Healthcare, Education, and Developments." (IBM) (PAN et al,2011)
  13. 13. Quão smart?• Smart Environment• Smart Business• Smart Citizens• Smart Government (PAN et al, 2011)
  14. 14. Arquitetura Kehua Su; Jie Li; Fu,Hongbo. Smart City and the Applications. Wuhan, Hubei, China. IEEE 2011.
  15. 15. Smart Community Xu Li; Lu,Rongxing; Liang,Xiaohui; and Xuemin (Sherman) Shen. Smart Community: An Internet of Things Application. The Internet of Things. IEEE 2011.
  16. 16. Smart Homes"[A building with implemented passive energy efficiencymeasures], [central computer operated infrastructuresystems], [networked appliances, advanced energymanagement and renewable energy sources]." (LUGARIC; KRAJCAR; SIMIC, 2010)
  17. 17. Composição de Smart homes• Sensores• Atuadores• Controladores• Unidade Central• Interface• Rede• Medição inteligente (LUGARIC; KRAJCAR; SIMIC, 2010)
  18. 18. Smart Grids "...integration of actions of generators, transmission and distribution system operators, monitoring and control centers, suppliers and consumers through exchange of information in real time." (LUGARIC; KRAJCAR; SIMIC, 2010)
  19. 19. Esquema Smart Grids LUGARIC; KRAJCAR; SIMIC, Smart City - Platform for Emergent Phenomena Power System Testbed Simulator, IEEE
  20. 20. A tecnologia envolvida "Modem systems will have to act more anticipatory: weather forecasts, room bookings, energy prices and other aspects that can - certain error probabilities assumed - be predicted will be used for both increasing comfort and efficiency." (BACH; WILHELMER; PALENSKI, 2010)
  21. 21. Desafios• Investimento em sensores e formas de atuadores;• Interoperabilidade: o Dispositivos; o Serviços;• Processamento;• Controle de privacidade;• Mobilidade; (Haubensak, 2011)
  22. 22. IoT e Smart Cities• IoT contribui para a implementação de Smart Cities;• "Internet das Coisas + Internet = Cidade inteligente" (Kehua, 2011);
  23. 23. Conclusão• Duas áreas relacionadas e promissoras;• Oportunidade de inovação e criação de novos negócios;• Muitos desafios -> Ainda poucas soluções amplamente aceitas;• Algumas barreiras: o Investimento; o Quebra de paradigmas;
  24. 24. Referências• Kehua, Su; Jie Li; Fu,Hongbo. Smart City and the Applications. Wuhan, Hubei, China. IEEE 2011.• Xu, Li; Lu,Rongxing; Liang,Xiaohui; and Xuemin (Sherman) Shen. Smart Community: An Internet of Things Application. The Internet of Things. IEEE 2011.• Pan, Jin-Gu; Lin, Yu-Fa; Chuang, Su-Yi; Kao, Yu-Chia. From Governance to Service- Smart City Evaluations in Taiwan. International Joint Conference on Service Sciences. IEEE.2011• Lugaric, Luka; Krajcar, Slavko; Simic, Zdenko. Smart City - Platform for Emergent Phenomena Power System Testbed Simulator. IEEE• Bach, Brigitte; Wilhelmer, Doris; Palensky, Peter. Smart buildings, smart cities and governing innovation in the new millennium. IEEE. 2010.• Wu, Miao, et al. Research on the Architecture of Internet of Thing. International Conference on Advanced Computer Theory and Engineering. 2010, 3. School of Economics and Management.• Tan, Lu e Wang, Neng. Future Internet: Internet of Things. Internation Conference on Advanced Computer Theory and Engineering. 2010, 3. Computer Science and Technology Department.• Lee, Sang Ho, et al. Towards ubiquitous city: concept, planning, and experiences in the Republic of Korea. Information Science Reference. 2008, pp. 148-169.• RFID Working Group Of The European Technology Plataform on Smart Systems Integration (EPOSS). Internet of Things in 2020. 2008.• Atzori, Luigi, Iera, Antonio e Morabito, Giacomo. The Internet of Things: A survey. Computer Networks. 2010.• Al-Kuwari, Ali Mohammed A. H., et al. User Friendly Smart Home Infrastructure: BeeHouse. International Conference on Digital Ecosystems and Technologies. 5th, 2011.• Haubensak, Oliver. Smart Cities and Internet of Things. Business Aspects of the Internet of Things, Seminar of Advanced Topics. 2011.• Palaniswami, M. Towards Sustainable Smart Cities. ARC Research Network on Intelligent Sensors, Sensor Networks and Information Processing (ISSNIP). 2010.• Qin, Li, Zhao. Development Status of Domestic and Foreign Smart City, 2010(9): 50-52.
  25. 25. Obrigado!Gustavo Henrique Rodrigues Pinto Tomas (ghrpt@cin.ufpe.br) Welington Manoel da Silva (wms4@cin.ufpe.br)

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