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The Journey of Indian independence Part 1

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As per our previous post, we are celebrating the Independence Week at Gusani Infotech.

Today in the first part of our journey we are presenting the story of How India came under the governance of East India Company. We will also share how many other foreign rulers came to India, how prosperous the Spice trade of India was and what were the different regions were there earlier.

In this presentation includes series of wars and events, there was one common thing which East India Company used to rule. That was “divide and rule”. They had concurred India intelligently creating wars between different territories and win them with the cunning strategies.

But, this was just the beginning. Visit us tomorrow to know the next part of the journey.

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The Journey of Indian independence Part 1

  1. 1. Infante Henry, Duke of Viseu 1400 A.D. in search of west African riches
  2. 2. 1481, John II of Portugal The silk route
  3. 3. 8 July 1497 -- 170 men 20 May 1498 D. Vasco da Gama 55 returned
  4. 4. Vasco Da Gama: meeting the King Zamorin of Calicut Kozhikode after landing at Kappad Beach in Calicut Kozhikode
  5. 5. 13 September 1500 Pedro Álvares Cabral Route taken by Cabral from Portugal to India in 1500 (in red), and the return route (in blue)
  6. 6. 12 February 1502. 15 ships and 00 men left Lisbon on October 1502
  7. 7. In 1661 Portugal was at war with Spain and needed support from England. This led to the marriage of Princess Catherine of Portugal to Charles II of England, with a dowry that included the city of Bombay. Portuguese Armada vs Chartered Fleets
  8. 8. French in india Their first establishment was in Pondicherry on the Coromandel Coast in southeastern India 1674
  9. 9. 1615 English factory at Surat
  10. 10. 23 June 1757, Siraj-ud-dulah The British, worried about being outnumbered, formed a conspiracy with Siraj-ud-Daulah's demoted army chief Mir Jafar,
  11. 11. Plan of battle of Plassy
  12. 12. The Maratha Empire was founded in 1674 by Shivaji of the Bhosle dynasty 12 July 1739 – gave the British East India Company rights to free trade in Maratha territory May 1739 Marathas defeat the Portuguese at neighboring Vasai in
  13. 13. May 1782, Mahadji Shinde. The foresight of Warren Hastings was the main reason for the success of the British in the war. In the south, the Nizam of Hyderabad had enlisted the support of the French for his war against the Marathas.In reaction to this, the Peshwa requested support from the British, but was refused.
  14. 14. 1760 - First Anglo – Mysore War 1784 - Second Anglo - Mysore War Treaty of Mangalore Nawab Tipu Sultan Bahadur Sher-e-Mysore
  15. 15. 1788 In 1791 his opponents advanced on all fronts, with the main British force under Cornwallis taking Bangalore and threatening Srirangapatna. attack on Travancore would be treated as a declaration of war on the company a Mahratta army of some 30,000 under the command of Purseram Bhow, accompanied by a detachment of British troops from Bombay, began marching toward Mysore 25,000 cavalry and 5,000 infantry under the command of Hurry Punt
  16. 16. 1792 Tipu sultan was forced to cede half his territories to the allies, and deliver two of his sons as hostages until he paid in full three crores and thirty lakhs rupees fixed as war indemnity to the British for the campaign against him. He paid the amount in two installments and got back his sons from Madras.
  17. 17. Nizam of Hyderabad consisting of ten battalions and over 16,000 cavalry, and many soldiers were sent by the Marathas Fourth Anglo-Mysore War Thus the soldiers in the British force numbered over 50,000 soldiers soldiers whereas Tipu Sultan had only about 30,000 soldiers
  18. 18. Tipu Sultan died defending his capital on 4 May, 1799
  19. 19. Third Anglo-Maratha War (1817–1818) Second Anglo-Maratha War (1803–1805)
  20. 20. In 1835 English was made the medium of instruction in India's schools. Western-educated Hindu elites sought to rid Hinduism of controversial social practices, including the varna caste system, child marriage, and sati. 1803 – Sahayak Sandhi 1828 – Raja Rammohanray, - Brahmsamaj 1829 – lord willium battic – sati praatha
  21. 21. The Sikh kingdom of Punjab was expanded and consolidated by Maharajah Ranjit Singh during the early years of the nineteenth century The Harmandir Sahib
  22. 22. 1839 – Maharaja Ranjit Singh died the Sikh Empire began to fall into disorder A double-edged sword also called a Khanda which is in the centre Chakkar. Two single-edged swords, or kirpans, are crossed at the bottom and sit on either side of the Khanda and Chakkar. They represent the dual characteristics of Miri-Piri, indicating the integration of both spiritual and temporal sovereignty together and not treating them as two separate and distinct entities.
  23. 23. British Raj in India
  24. 24. The journey will be continued tomorrow….

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