New Zealand Wars
The New Zealand Wars, sometimes called the Land Wars and also once
called the Maori Wars, were a series of armed conflicts that took place in
New Zealand from 1845 and 1872. While the early wars were largely
localized, from 1860 to 1864 the wars were aimed to end the Maori King
Movement, which refused to accept colonial authority, and acquiring
farming and residential land for English settlers. The 1860s conflicts
involved 18,000 British troops and about 4000 Maori warriors and over
the course of the Taranaki and Waikato campaigns took the lives of a
total of 800 Europeans and 1800 Maori
The New Zealand wars were a series of 19th-century battles between some
Māori tribes and government forces (which included British and colonial
troops and their Māori allies, known as kūpapa).
Reason behind conflict
• In the mid 1800’s, conflict was developing between European and
Maori. The European settlers were anxious to obtain more land for
farming, but many of the Maori tribes were increasingly reluctant
to sell their precious land.
• Acquisition of land had often taken place with little understanding
on both sides.
• Totally different thinking regarding the land Maori believed that ,
“We do not own the land,
The land owns us”
However, European just wanted the land for farming and the
other uses only.
How both parties react during the conflict
• As the non-Maori population of New Zealand grew during
the 1850s, Maori faced more pressure to sell their land to
these new settlers.
• The 1860s conflicts involved 18,000 British troops and
about 4000 Maori warriors and over the course of the
Taranaki and Waikato campaigns took the lives of a total
of 800 Europeans and 1800 Maori. Both parties proved
really aggressive throughout the conflict.
Treaty of Waitangi as negotiated settlement
Treaty to establish some sort of British Governor of New Zealand, take into
account Maori ownership with their lands as well as other properties, and
provides Māori this protection under the law of British topics.
The Treaty was needed to stop the fighting and selling off of land without the
native peoples(Maori) consent. A treaty was drawn up and translated and after
much discussion the Treaty was signed on February 6, 1840 at Waitangi in the
Bay of Islands .
However it is compromise between Maori and British empire.
However, Around 40 chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi on 6 February 1840. By
the end of the year, about 500 other Maori, including 13 women, had put their
names but 39 signed the Maori text. While some had clear expectations about what
their agreement would bring, others chose not to sign the Treaty at all.
Where as it is clearly seen till 1850 treaty had positive impact. Maori would share
the rights and privileges of British subjects under a common system as indicated in
the terms of the Treaty and early colonial laws.
James Busby, he helped William Hobson draft the treaty of Waitangi. William
Hobson helped by proposing the treaty to the Maori leaders. He also helped by
making peace by not killing any Maori villagers.
He did that because He was sick of war between our two country and lots of
lives being lost. He was also very Christian so he was very much against people
The Treaty established a British governor in New
Zealand, recognized Maori ownership of their lands and other
properties, and gave the Maori the rights of British subjects.
The Treaty gave Britain sovereignty over New Zealand, and gave
the Governor the right to run the country.
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