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By
Guruprasad Venkatakrishna Rao
                            &
         Virendra Ambalal Jain
Introduction
                             What is shaving ?
Answer- Shaving is the removal of hair, by using a razor or any other kind of
  bladed implement, to slice it down to the level of the skin.
                         Why it is being carried out ?
Answer – Shaving is just an effort of Human Being to improve his Personal
  appearance. However it is often associated with religious Practice too.
   e.g. A child Birth hair is being shaved as a practice in religion .
        More popular example is Tirupathi Balaji Temple.
                      Is it necessary ( Scientifically ) ?
Answer – No ,it is not Necessary . There are many peoples in the field who
  have never thinked of shaving their hairs . Infact A lot of your body hair
  though is to help keep you cool, keep dirt out of certain areas, and can also
  help you to feel things when something moves or touches them.
Shaving Preparation
              History
It all started with Shaving Soap , first
 in the form of the cake or bar, then in
 the mug ,stick, or powdered form.
These in turn gave way to the cream-
 type products, both lather and
 brushless.
Shaving Preparation
                  Properties
 Easy & rapid production of a copious lather.
 Resistance to rapid drying.
 Freedom from the possibility of skin irritation
  (mucosa of eye, nose etc) .
 Rapid softening of beard & sufficient viscosity to hold
  the hair erect to facilitate cutting the individual hair.
 Lubrication to make the razor glide over the face more
  easily and painlessly.
CLASSES OF SHAVING
PREPARATION

               STICKS &
              POWDERS

            SHAVING SOAPS

              SHAVING
              CREAMS
SHAVING SOAPS
 COMBINATION OF COCONUT OIL SOAPS & PALM
  OIL SOAPS FOR QUICK & STABLE LATHERING.
 WITHIN EACH THERE IS A COMBINATION OF
  POTASSIUM & SODIUM SOAPS TO GET QUICK
  LATHERING & MAINTAIN THE BODY OF SOAP
 SUPPERFATTING AGENTS & TALC ARE ALSO
  EMPLOYED.
 RECENT INNOVATION LIES IN THE USE OF
  HEMOSTATIC MATERIALS
SHAVING POWDERS
 POPULAR WITH THE BARBERS.
 POWDER EASILY DISPENSED INTO SHAVING MUG
  PRIOR TO ADDITION OF WATER AND
  PRODUCTION OF LATHER USING SHAVING
  BRUSH.
 PRODUCT CLAIMED TO MORE SANITARY
  BECAUSE FRESH QUANTITY OF POWDER WAS
  USED EVERYTIME.
SHAVING STICKS
 GENERALLY NOT POPULAR AMONG CUSTOMERS
  BUT IT EXIST
 FORMULATION LOGIC IS SAME AS THAT OF SOAP
  BUT THIS ONE IS MORE ENRICHED IN SOAPS.
 ONCE FORMULATION EXISTED IN 1939 WITH
 ALKALI PEROXIDE AS AN INGREDIENTS.
LATHER SHAVING CREAM
 HAVE SAME INGREDIENTS AS THAT OF SOAP
  WITH INCLUSION OF GREATER AMOUNT OF
  WATER TO GIVE CREAMY CONSISTENCY.
 PLAYING WITH THE RATIO OF Na / K SOAPS NOT
  ONLY AFFECT LATHER BUT ALSO CONSISTENCY
  AND STABILITY OF CREAM.
 SUPPERFATTING AGENTS AND BORAX ARE
  ADDED TO MAINTAIN STABILITY.
BRUSHLESS SHAVING CREAM
 NOT MEANT TO PRODUCE FOAM
 IT IS O/W EMULSION.
 COMFARTABLE SHAVE IS BECAUSE OF GREATER
  LUBRICATING ABILITY AND SUBSEQUENT
  REDUCTION IN RAZOR PULL OR DRAG.
 LEAVES FACE WITH THIN COATING OF OIL.
 WETTING AGENTS ARE EMPLOYED TO IMPROVE
  BEARD SOFTENING.
   Aqua
   Stearic acid
   Palm kernel oil
   Propylene glycol
   Potassium hydroxide
   Parfum
   Triclocarban
   Disodium EDTA,menthol, preservative
   TiO2
PEG 7
BORAX
PRESERVATIVES




  LAURIC ACID
  MYRISTIC ACID
  SLS
  VIT E ACETATE
  COCODIETHANOL AMIDE
ILL EFFECTS OF SHAVING

 CUTS
 ABRASIONS
 IRRITATIONS
WHAT IS AN AFTERSHAVE ???
 An astringent, typically scented lotion for applying to
  the skin after shaving.

HOW DOES IT WORKS ???
IT RAISES THE PH OF THE SKIN AFTER THE USE
OF ALKAINE SOAP.
SINCE, IT ALSO CAUSES MILD COAGULATION OF
SKIN PROTIENS AND PROTECT THE SKIN BY
CLOSING THE PORES WHICH GOT OPENED
DURING SHAVING.
TO NUMB DAMAGED SKIN .
TO PREVENT INFECTION OF CUTS.
PROPERTIES
 Anti- inflammatory
 Antiseptic
 Moisturizer
 Astringency
TYPES OF AFTERSHAVE


         AFTERSHAVE


LOTION   GEL   POWDER   BALM
AFTERSHAVE LOTION
 WIDELY USED AFTERSHAVE
  FORMULATION.
 AFTER LOTIONS ARE GENERALLY
  ALCOHOL AND ESSENTIAL OIL BASED.
 MENTHOL IS GENERALLY ADDED.
  GIVES ADDITIONAL COOLING EFFECTS.
 GENERALLY AVAILABLE IN GLASS
  BOTTLES.
AFTERSHAVE GEL
 IT IS ENRICHED WITH ALOEVERA AND
  HERBAL EXTRACT
 IT SOOTHES AND CALM THE SKIN
 HAS ANTIMICROBIAL AND ANTISEPTIC
  PROPERTIES
 REDUCES REDNESS AND RAZOR BURNS
 LEAVES IT SOFT AND REFRESSED FOE HOURS
AFTERSHAVE POWDER
         IT IS JUST NORMALLY
          TALC POWDER BLENDED
          WITH ALOE
         SOOTHES SKIN AFTER
          SHAVING
         REDUCES CHAFING AND
          IRRITATION
         PROVIDES ULTRA SILKY –
          SMOOTH SKIN
Aftershave cream
 Mens who find alcoholic aftershave lotion irritating
  and to overcome the exposure to sun,wind or
  inclement weather this type of formulation came into
  picture
 It relieves tenderness , dryness , roughness
  of skin aftershaving .
PARK AVENUE AFTERSHAVE
 Ethyl alcohol       50%
 Sorbitol 70% soln   2.5%
 Perfume oil         0.5%
 Menthol             0.1%
 Boric acid           2.0%
 Water                44.9%
REFERENCES
 COSMETIC TECHNOLOGY BY BALSAM
 HARRY’S COSMETICOLOGY
 WWW.GILETTE.COM
 WWW.SCIENCEDIRECT.COM
 WWW.GOOGLE.COM
 SODEOPEC
SPECIAL THANKS TO
SHREYAS OAK , ANAY KACHARIA&
      ABHISHEK ROOGI
Shaving cream

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Shaving cream

  • 1. By Guruprasad Venkatakrishna Rao & Virendra Ambalal Jain
  • 2. Introduction What is shaving ? Answer- Shaving is the removal of hair, by using a razor or any other kind of bladed implement, to slice it down to the level of the skin. Why it is being carried out ? Answer – Shaving is just an effort of Human Being to improve his Personal appearance. However it is often associated with religious Practice too. e.g. A child Birth hair is being shaved as a practice in religion . More popular example is Tirupathi Balaji Temple. Is it necessary ( Scientifically ) ? Answer – No ,it is not Necessary . There are many peoples in the field who have never thinked of shaving their hairs . Infact A lot of your body hair though is to help keep you cool, keep dirt out of certain areas, and can also help you to feel things when something moves or touches them.
  • 3. Shaving Preparation History It all started with Shaving Soap , first in the form of the cake or bar, then in the mug ,stick, or powdered form. These in turn gave way to the cream- type products, both lather and brushless.
  • 4. Shaving Preparation Properties  Easy & rapid production of a copious lather.  Resistance to rapid drying.  Freedom from the possibility of skin irritation (mucosa of eye, nose etc) .  Rapid softening of beard & sufficient viscosity to hold the hair erect to facilitate cutting the individual hair.  Lubrication to make the razor glide over the face more easily and painlessly.
  • 5. CLASSES OF SHAVING PREPARATION STICKS & POWDERS SHAVING SOAPS SHAVING CREAMS
  • 6. SHAVING SOAPS  COMBINATION OF COCONUT OIL SOAPS & PALM OIL SOAPS FOR QUICK & STABLE LATHERING.  WITHIN EACH THERE IS A COMBINATION OF POTASSIUM & SODIUM SOAPS TO GET QUICK LATHERING & MAINTAIN THE BODY OF SOAP  SUPPERFATTING AGENTS & TALC ARE ALSO EMPLOYED.  RECENT INNOVATION LIES IN THE USE OF HEMOSTATIC MATERIALS
  • 7. SHAVING POWDERS  POPULAR WITH THE BARBERS.  POWDER EASILY DISPENSED INTO SHAVING MUG PRIOR TO ADDITION OF WATER AND PRODUCTION OF LATHER USING SHAVING BRUSH.  PRODUCT CLAIMED TO MORE SANITARY BECAUSE FRESH QUANTITY OF POWDER WAS USED EVERYTIME.
  • 8. SHAVING STICKS  GENERALLY NOT POPULAR AMONG CUSTOMERS BUT IT EXIST  FORMULATION LOGIC IS SAME AS THAT OF SOAP BUT THIS ONE IS MORE ENRICHED IN SOAPS.  ONCE FORMULATION EXISTED IN 1939 WITH ALKALI PEROXIDE AS AN INGREDIENTS.
  • 9. LATHER SHAVING CREAM  HAVE SAME INGREDIENTS AS THAT OF SOAP WITH INCLUSION OF GREATER AMOUNT OF WATER TO GIVE CREAMY CONSISTENCY.  PLAYING WITH THE RATIO OF Na / K SOAPS NOT ONLY AFFECT LATHER BUT ALSO CONSISTENCY AND STABILITY OF CREAM.  SUPPERFATTING AGENTS AND BORAX ARE ADDED TO MAINTAIN STABILITY.
  • 10. BRUSHLESS SHAVING CREAM  NOT MEANT TO PRODUCE FOAM  IT IS O/W EMULSION.  COMFARTABLE SHAVE IS BECAUSE OF GREATER LUBRICATING ABILITY AND SUBSEQUENT REDUCTION IN RAZOR PULL OR DRAG.  LEAVES FACE WITH THIN COATING OF OIL.  WETTING AGENTS ARE EMPLOYED TO IMPROVE BEARD SOFTENING.
  • 11. Aqua  Stearic acid  Palm kernel oil  Propylene glycol  Potassium hydroxide  Parfum  Triclocarban  Disodium EDTA,menthol, preservative  TiO2
  • 12.
  • 13. PEG 7 BORAX PRESERVATIVES LAURIC ACID MYRISTIC ACID SLS VIT E ACETATE COCODIETHANOL AMIDE
  • 14. ILL EFFECTS OF SHAVING  CUTS  ABRASIONS  IRRITATIONS
  • 15.
  • 16. WHAT IS AN AFTERSHAVE ???  An astringent, typically scented lotion for applying to the skin after shaving. HOW DOES IT WORKS ??? IT RAISES THE PH OF THE SKIN AFTER THE USE OF ALKAINE SOAP. SINCE, IT ALSO CAUSES MILD COAGULATION OF SKIN PROTIENS AND PROTECT THE SKIN BY CLOSING THE PORES WHICH GOT OPENED DURING SHAVING. TO NUMB DAMAGED SKIN . TO PREVENT INFECTION OF CUTS.
  • 17. PROPERTIES  Anti- inflammatory  Antiseptic  Moisturizer  Astringency
  • 18. TYPES OF AFTERSHAVE AFTERSHAVE LOTION GEL POWDER BALM
  • 19. AFTERSHAVE LOTION  WIDELY USED AFTERSHAVE FORMULATION.  AFTER LOTIONS ARE GENERALLY ALCOHOL AND ESSENTIAL OIL BASED.  MENTHOL IS GENERALLY ADDED. GIVES ADDITIONAL COOLING EFFECTS.  GENERALLY AVAILABLE IN GLASS BOTTLES.
  • 20. AFTERSHAVE GEL  IT IS ENRICHED WITH ALOEVERA AND HERBAL EXTRACT  IT SOOTHES AND CALM THE SKIN  HAS ANTIMICROBIAL AND ANTISEPTIC PROPERTIES  REDUCES REDNESS AND RAZOR BURNS  LEAVES IT SOFT AND REFRESSED FOE HOURS
  • 21. AFTERSHAVE POWDER  IT IS JUST NORMALLY TALC POWDER BLENDED WITH ALOE  SOOTHES SKIN AFTER SHAVING  REDUCES CHAFING AND IRRITATION  PROVIDES ULTRA SILKY – SMOOTH SKIN
  • 22. Aftershave cream  Mens who find alcoholic aftershave lotion irritating and to overcome the exposure to sun,wind or inclement weather this type of formulation came into picture  It relieves tenderness , dryness , roughness of skin aftershaving .
  • 23. PARK AVENUE AFTERSHAVE  Ethyl alcohol 50%  Sorbitol 70% soln 2.5%  Perfume oil 0.5%  Menthol 0.1%  Boric acid 2.0%  Water 44.9%
  • 24. REFERENCES  COSMETIC TECHNOLOGY BY BALSAM  HARRY’S COSMETICOLOGY  WWW.GILETTE.COM  WWW.SCIENCEDIRECT.COM  WWW.GOOGLE.COM  SODEOPEC
  • 25. SPECIAL THANKS TO SHREYAS OAK , ANAY KACHARIA& ABHISHEK ROOGI

Editor's Notes

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