ЛАСКАВО ПРОСИМО!
Development of self-help movement in Ukraine
           Kiev, 02.-05.07.2009



              Dr. Konstan...
History and development of self-
help in Germany and the work of a
 self-help clearing house in Berlin



              Se...
About me and VS
•   Dr. Konstantin Ingenkamp,
    sociologist and social therapist for
    elderly people
•   Born 1965 in...
Self-Help is Different

• Different concepts of self-help (see discussion on
  wikipedia.com)

• Typical and different fea...
Content
•   History and histories of self-help
•   Theoretical background of self-help
•   Self-help in Germany
•   Self-h...
History and histories of self-help
• What is not our kind of self-help?
• Fundamental philosophical backgrounds; history a...
This is not exactly our subject:

          Samuel Smiles, Scottish author,
          (1812-1904) published the first self...
Anthropological and philosophical backgronds of
 mutual self-help in groups and help to self-help

• The human organism is...
Self organizing in history
• Founding of universities like the Platonic
  Academy
• Founding of guilds (Zünfte) in the mid...
Settlement movement as a forerunner of
 institutionalized support of self-help
• The settlement movement was a liberal ref...
History of Alkoholic Anonymous
• 12.05.1935: (other versions: 10.06.1935) Foundation
  of Alkoholics Anoymous
• But: „Who ...
History of self-help-support as a part of
                 history of psychiatry
• Self-help in groups has its roots in gr...
The Official History of Self-Help Clearing
                    Houses
• In 1983 sociologist at WHO Stephen Hatch published...
West-German and „western society“
               history
• After the socialistic inspired 1968 riots there were a lot of n...
History of self-help in West-Berlin
• Special situation in the 80s in West-Berlin (with a new
  founded and strong ecosoci...
History from an political and economical
                  point of view
• Institutionalized self-hep is a result of a cha...
Self- help and Volunteering
• The latest trend in German policy is support of civic
  engagment
• The support of civic eng...
Very latest History: Big Pharma and Self-
                   Help
• Pharma companies are interested in self-help
  groups ...
Theorical background of self-help
             support

• Empowerment (political)
• Salutogenesis (health-related)
• Subsi...
Empowerment
• Empowerment refers to increasing the political,
  social or economic strength of individuals and
  communiti...
Salutogenesis
• Salutogenesis is a term coined by Aaron Antonovsky, a
  Professor of Medical Sociology.
• The term describ...
The sense of coherence has three
              components:
•   Comprehensibility: a belief that things happen in an orderl...
Subsidarity: the big consensus
• The word subsidiarity is derived from the Latin word subsidiarius
  (in reserve, secondar...
Self-help in Germany




       Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt
      Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
Facts and figures
• 319 Self-help clearing houses in Germany
• 89 in new federal states (Ex-GDR)
• German statutory health...
For Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt
        Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg:
• Financed from the gouvernment of the state of Berlin with
 ...
Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt
Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
Self-help in Germany: self help groups in old and new
                   federal states




                   Selbsthilfe...
Self-help organizations in the sectors health, psycho-social
                         and social




                     ...
Self-help in Berlin




      Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt
     Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
Offical tasks of self-help clearing houses („Contract
     commnity centers“) in Berlin. Support of:
• Own-initative and s...
Berlin
•   3.415.742 inhabitants,
    second biggest city in
    EU
•   11 districts
•   Capital City an federal
    state...
Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt
Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
Monitoring of social development of the city of Berlin



• „Index of
  social status“
• Red: very
  low
• Orange: low
• B...
Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
•   East-west inner city
    district, 269.000
    inhabitants, share of
    migrants: 22,5%
•   ...
The neighborhood: QM Boxhagener Platz
                     1999-2006
•22.000 inhabitants
•Low social status
(but changing)...
Gentrification in the community




         Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt
        Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg




                 Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt
                Friedrichshain...
Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt
Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt
Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt
Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-
                   Kreuzberg
•   66 self-help groups
•   8 consulting offers
•   Ca...
Counseling offers
• Local exchange trading system
• Agency for volunteering in the community
• Social counseling (welfare ...
Aktivitäten
1   Klöppeln                      Klöppeln (Koppenstr.)                2    Lfd.   5
2   Gedächtnistraining   ...
Soziales/Migranten

2   Arbeitslosigkeit           SHG Ermutigungskreis                 4   Lfd.   4
5
2   Ältere Menschen...
Familie, Frauen, Männer




4   Frauen von homosexuellen   Tangiert                    1   Lfd.   3
1   Männern



4   Män...
Gesundheitsbezogene Themen

4   Qi Gong                                                       3 Kurse:   Lfd.   40
5      ...
Psychische Störungen und Erkrankungen




5   Messiesyndrom          Anonyme Messies (im               4   Lfd.   15
6    ...
Sucht



6   Spielsucht            Glücksspielsucht               4   Lfd.   8
0



6   Beziehungssucht       CoDa (Co-Dep...
Beratung



6   Freiwilligenagentur            Koop. mit NHU
7


6   Grünberatung                   Koop. mit Stadtteilaus...
Relationship men-women



                    Männer
                     25%

                                    Männer
...
Age of visitors


        71+
        13%
                           20-30       20-30
61-70
                           31...
Answers to the question: Did had contact to self-help
 groups before you took part in your actual self-help
              ...
I would like to lern more about Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt
   Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg and community center
               Fri...
Group dynamics and “rules” for groups
Groud dynamics is the study of groups, and also
 a general term for group processes
...
Team development clock




               Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt
              Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
Rules and methods for group work in Germany (Sekis)
Rules and methods serve to structure the conversation and course
of ev...
1. The beginning and end of each session are determined in
advance.
The members know when the group work begins and can pr...
2. Everyone speaks about himself and not about
others.
As a matter of principle, every member speaks about himself –
about...
3. Group communication problems have priority
Interrupt the conversation if for any reason you are not really
able to part...
4. How am I doing today?
At the beginning of their meetings, many groups ask about the
current problems and moods of the m...
5. Snapshot
Every person receives the opportunity to say something short (at most 2 minutes)
about a certain subject, situ...
6. Feedback
With feedback we find out how our conduct has affected others.
The positive effect of feedback lies in the fac...
When you give feedback:
Speak to the other person directly and show that this is who
you mean.
Speak of the feelings which...
Examples of rules for group interactions
     The psychoanalyst Ruth Cohn has developed the concept of
   interactions foc...
Examples of rules for group interactions
The psychoanalyst Ruth Cohn has developed the concept of
interactions focused on ...
‘Be your own leader’
Be your own leader and act in accordance with your own needs in
regard to the subject and to what is ...
‘Be authentic and selective in your communications. Be clear on
what you think and feel and decide what to say and do.’
If...
‘Be careful with generalizations’
Generalizations interrupt the group process. It is also easy for
them to distract from s...
‘When speaking about yourself, use the first person; that is, do
not say ‘one’, ‘we’, ‘us’, etc. when you actually mean ‘I...
‘When asking a question, say why you are asking it and what it
means for you.’
Following this rule promotes real dialogues...
‘Only one person at a time, please!’
Nobody can listen to more than one statement at the same time.
You, as well as everyb...
Дякуємо Вам за увагу!




        Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt
       Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
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Ukraine 07 2009 Konst

  1. 1. ЛАСКАВО ПРОСИМО! Development of self-help movement in Ukraine Kiev, 02.-05.07.2009 Dr. Konstantin Ingenkamp Volkssolidarität LV Berlin e.V. Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  2. 2. History and development of self- help in Germany and the work of a self-help clearing house in Berlin Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  3. 3. About me and VS • Dr. Konstantin Ingenkamp, sociologist and social therapist for elderly people • Born 1965 in Bonn, FRG, since 1988 in Berlin • Since 2000 professional supporter of self-help for “Volkssolidarität” • Volkssolidarität is an East-German and typical GDR-welfare organization founded 1945 • Cooperation with BORIS since 2003, cooperation with GURT since 2007 („Development of self- help groups in Ukraine“) Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  4. 4. Self-Help is Different • Different concepts of self-help (see discussion on wikipedia.com) • Typical and different features for each country, tradition, history and community • Different methods Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  5. 5. Content • History and histories of self-help • Theoretical background of self-help • Self-help in Germany • Self-help in Berlin • Self-help in Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg • Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg • Group dynamics and “rules” • Why do we have this “rules”? Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  6. 6. History and histories of self-help • What is not our kind of self-help? • Fundamental philosophical backgrounds; history as a history of self-help • Early social work • Alcoholics Anonymous – the first self-help group? • History of self-help as a part of history of psychiatry • Self-help clearing houses • History of self-help clearing houses in Germany and West- Berlin • Economic backgrounds of the institutionalization of self help • Latest trends Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  7. 7. This is not exactly our subject: Samuel Smiles, Scottish author, (1812-1904) published the first self- consciously personal-development "self- help" book — entitled Self-Help — in 1859. Its opening sentence: "Heaven helps those who help themselves", provides a variation of "God helps them that help themselves", the oft-quoted maxim that also appeared previously in Benjamin Franklin´s Poor Richard´s Almanach (1733 - 1758). Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  8. 8. Anthropological and philosophical backgronds of mutual self-help in groups and help to self-help • The human organism is by nature a “being of deficits” (Mängelwesen A. Gehlen 1956) and social culture has developed or emerged in part to deal specifically with biological deficits. • Organisation in primitive tribes in stone age • Platons cave-allegory and Sokratic conversation are examples for „help for self-help“ Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  9. 9. Self organizing in history • Founding of universities like the Platonic Academy • Founding of guilds (Zünfte) in the middle age • Bourgeoise Revolutions • Development of civil society • Founding of political parties, trade unions etc • Communist or Proletarian Revolutions • Civil Right Revolutions • Etc. Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  10. 10. Settlement movement as a forerunner of institutionalized support of self-help • The settlement movement was a liberal reformist social movement, peaking around the 1920s in England and the US, with a goal of getting the rich and poor in society to live more closely together in an interdependent community. Its main object was the establishment of "settlement houses" in poor urban areas, in which volunteer middle-class "settlement workers" would live, hoping to share knowledge and culture with, and alleviate the poverty of, their low-income neighbours. • After world war II this tradition came to West-Germany Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  11. 11. History of Alkoholic Anonymous • 12.05.1935: (other versions: 10.06.1935) Foundation of Alkoholics Anoymous • But: „Who is alkoholic has to recognize that he can not help himselves. Only a „greater power than oneselfes“ can help (Blue book of AA) • AAs and related groups try through prayer and meditation to „improve our conscious contact with a power greater than ourselves“ • The Aim: „ Having a spiritual awekening of the twelve steps“ Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  12. 12. History of self-help-support as a part of history of psychiatry • Self-help in groups has its roots in group psychotherapy • In 1939 British military psychiatrist Joshua Bierer started in the hospital Runwell by London to organize patients in groups • He had success especially with traumatized soldiers (shell shock). • In December 1943 Bierer reports in „Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine about in experiment: The experiment took the form of helping patients to run self-govered clubs… The clubs meet weekly and are run democratically by the patients themselves (http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=2181093 • Results: In any club people tend to lose their shyness and develop their initiative • Bierer thought that classical psychoanalysis makes patients dependent from the doctor. A group therapy helps the patients to become independent, active and selfrelated and bring them to insight and stimulate them to be involved in the process of healing, (Joshua Bierer: Group Psychotherapie“ BMJ , 14. Febr. 1942, S. 216.) Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  13. 13. The Official History of Self-Help Clearing Houses • In 1983 sociologist at WHO Stephen Hatch published an expertise called „Self-help and Health in Europe: new Approaches in Health Care“ (ISBN 92-890-1016-9) • In this he recommends to support self-help groups by a generalist support system and explicit not by a specialist support system. • And to support at a local level ... to be able quickly and easily to make face to face contacts with group members, professional workers and so on. • The name for this institutions is „clearing houses for self- help" (in Germany: Self-help contact and information centre) Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  14. 14. West-German and „western society“ history • After the socialistic inspired 1968 riots there were a lot of new social movements politically active (movements for peace, emancipation, alternative health, squatters, until to terrorists) • In the 80s alternative people recognized that it is not easy to change society (expierence with reaction to terrorisms), so they decide to change themselves • Green parties/movements were founded. Ecology and beeing healthy in an insane environment was now more important than socialism • This new „Ecosocialism“ was compatible to subsidarity – a more conservative principle of organizing social welfare Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  15. 15. History of self-help in West-Berlin • Special situation in the 80s in West-Berlin (with a new founded and strong ecosocialist „green“ Party) • A lot of alternative people lived in West-Berlin (no military service), and there were a lot of squatted houses • On the other hand: West-Berlin was the „showcase of the free west“ with a lot of subventions • Alternative people wantet to participate in this wealth • State wanted to control alternative scene • In this context: 1983 foundation (better: legalization) of Sekis (the 1. clearing house in Germany) (in a squatted hospital) in Berlin financed by the state of Berlin (divide et impera!) Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  16. 16. History from an political and economical point of view • Institutionalized self-hep is a result of a change in funding strategies concerning welfare of the state and communities • Since the middle of the 70s: End of the expansion of welfare state (begin of the emerge of neoliberalism) (M. Thatcher: there is no society there are only individuals) • Distribution conflicts between the classical big welfare organizations and state, federal states and communities • Self-help groups and small associations becomes officially recognized because of its potential savings. (and their idealistic tendency toward self exploitation) • Motto: Participation instead of care • Marxist criticism: Redistribution from bottom to top Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  17. 17. Self- help and Volunteering • The latest trend in German policy is support of civic engagment • The support of civic engagement is seen as a contribution against individualization and the „breakup of sciety“ • Non-health-related self-help becomes more and more a part of civic engagment • Health related self-help becomes more and more organized by big associations of chronicle ill people like cancer-associations, diabetes-assoc., rheumatism- assoc. Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  18. 18. Very latest History: Big Pharma and Self- Help • Pharma companies are interested in self-help groups an finance them. The aim: to make their products more popular • Self-help groups get instrumentalized by pharma companies • Pharma companies invent diseases (“sissy syndrome”) or make diseases more popular (“ADHS”) and therefore they use self-help groups Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  19. 19. Theorical background of self-help support • Empowerment (political) • Salutogenesis (health-related) • Subsidarity(economic) Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  20. 20. Empowerment • Empowerment refers to increasing the political, social or economic strength of individuals and communities. It often involves the empowered developing confidence in their own capacities • Sociological empowerment often addresses members of groups that social discrimination processes have excluded from decision-making processes through - for example - discrimination based on disability, race, ethnicity, religion, illness or gender. Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  21. 21. Salutogenesis • Salutogenesis is a term coined by Aaron Antonovsky, a Professor of Medical Sociology. • The term describes an approach focusing on factors that support human health and well-being, rather than on factors that cause disease. • In his theory, whether a stress factor will be either pathogenic, neutral or salutary, depends on what he called generalized resistance resources or "GRRs • The "sense of coherence" is a theoretical formulation that provides a central explanation for the role of stress in human functioning. Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  22. 22. The sense of coherence has three components: • Comprehensibility: a belief that things happen in an orderly and predictable fashion and a sense that you can understand events in your life and reasonably predict what will happen in the future. • Manageability: a belief that you have the skills or ability, the support, the help, or the resources necessary to take care of things, and that things are manageable and within your control. • Meaningfulness: a belief that things in life are interesting and a source of satisfaction, that things are really worth it and that there is good reason or purpose to care about what happens. • Self-help in groups can help ill people to increase their “SoC” and to cope better with their disease Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  23. 23. Subsidarity: the big consensus • The word subsidiarity is derived from the Latin word subsidiarius (in reserve, secondary) and has its origins in Catholic social teaching. • What is „in reserve“ or „secundary“? The next higher level, the state • Subsidiarity is an organizing principle that matters ought to be handled by the smallest, lowest or least centralized competent authority. • The Oxford English Dictionary defines subsidiarity as the idea that a central authority should have a subsidiary function, performing only those tasks which cannot be performed effectively at a more immediate or local level. The concept is applicable in the fields of government, political science, cybernetics, management. • Subsidiarity is, ideally or in principle, one of the features of federalism. • The term was coinded by Pope Pius XI in a Enzyklika as an alternative to communist and fascist thinking and their superevelation of the state Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  24. 24. Self-help in Germany Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  25. 25. Facts and figures • 319 Self-help clearing houses in Germany • 89 in new federal states (Ex-GDR) • German statutory health insurances support self-help in 2006 with 27,5 Mill. Euro (by law) • 0,39 Cent per insured person • Self-help clearing houses get 5,3 Mill. • Self-help groups and organizations get 22,2 Mill. • The ministries of the federal states spend 11,4 Mill. Euro for support of Self-help clearing houses Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  26. 26. For Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg: • Financed from the gouvernment of the state of Berlin with 86.000.- Euro • And financed by stutory health insurances with 10.000.- • 96.000.- Euro/year in sum for 2 salaries and rent and everything • Additional: European money, EFRE, 62.000 Euro for a special project 2009/2010 • Self-help groups can get money from the statutory health insurances very unbureaucratically (for German relations) for 1. basis financing (for administration, 300-800 Euro/year) 2. project financing (Doctor´s lessons etc.) Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  27. 27. Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  28. 28. Self-help in Germany: self help groups in old and new federal states Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  29. 29. Self-help organizations in the sectors health, psycho-social and social Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  30. 30. Self-help in Berlin Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  31. 31. Offical tasks of self-help clearing houses („Contract commnity centers“) in Berlin. Support of: • Own-initative and self-help • Volunteering/civil engagement • Identification with community • Social responsibility • Active participation of citizens • Communication (between generations, intercultural, between social classes) • Tolerance and respect • Creativity, phantasy and cultural activities. Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  32. 32. Berlin • 3.415.742 inhabitants, second biggest city in EU • 11 districts • Capital City an federal state • Only German state with ex-communist-party in governement • 38,5% of all children live in households which live from social welfare • In 51% of all households lives only one Person; (FRG: 38%) • Divided city Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  33. 33. Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  34. 34. Monitoring of social development of the city of Berlin • „Index of social status“ • Red: very low • Orange: low • Blue: middle • Green: high Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  35. 35. Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg • East-west inner city district, 269.000 inhabitants, share of migrants: 22,5% • Average income of households (netto): 1175.- (FRG: 2770.-) • Unemployment rate 19,3% (March 09) (Berlin: 14,1%) • Only direct voted „green“ deputy in Bundestag (parliament) • Upward trend of „Gentrification“ Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  36. 36. The neighborhood: QM Boxhagener Platz 1999-2006 •22.000 inhabitants •Low social status (but changing) •Bad substance of buildings without modernization (changing) •Gentrification •Attractive for young people and young tourists •Traditionally lot of punks Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  37. 37. Gentrification in the community Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  38. 38. Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  39. 39. Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  40. 40. Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  41. 41. Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  42. 42. Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain- Kreuzberg • 66 self-help groups • 8 consulting offers • Ca. 10.000 Vistors/year • 1416 counselings • Financed from the gouvernment of the state of Berlin and stutory health insurances (10%) (96.000.- Euro/year in sum) • Part of community center Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg • Founded 1993, 2 full-time employees, 2 employee which are financed from job center, volunteers • Additional project (EFRE): „Kieztreff Interkulturell“ with a volunteer-based newspaper • Social coneling • Cooperation with BORIS since 2003, cooperation with GURT since 2007 („Development of self-help groups in Ukraine“) Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  43. 43. Counseling offers • Local exchange trading system • Agency for volunteering in the community • Social counseling (welfare for the unemployed etc.) • Legal advice • Dating and relationship 50+ • Counseling in Russian language • Support for parents of crying babies Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  44. 44. Aktivitäten 1 Klöppeln Klöppeln (Koppenstr.) 2 Lfd. 5 2 Gedächtnistraining Gedächtnistraining (Koppenstr.) 2 Lfd. 6 3 Wandern Gemeinsam statt allein 8 Lfd. 18 4 Unternehmungen Singlegruppe 40 Jahre 2 Lfd. 5 5 Englisch Englisch für Anfänger (Koppenstr.) 12 Lfd. 15 6 Kreatives Gestalten Handarbeitsgruppe (Koppenstr.) 4 Lfd. 6 7 Klöppeln Klöppeln (Singerstr.) 2 Lfd. 8 8 Seidenmalen Seidenmalen (Koppenstr.) 2 Lfd. 5 9 Kreatives Schreiben Kreatives Schreiben (Kreuzberg) 4 6 4 Mon 1 Briefmarken sammeln Phila- die Briefmarkenfreunde 1 ate Lfd. 6 0 (Koppenstr.) 1 Seniorensport Stuhlgymnastik (Koppenstr.) 4 Lfd. 10 1 1 Singen Singegruppe (Koppenstr.) 2 Lfd. 5 2 1 Tanzen Tanzkreis (Koppenstr.) 4 Lfd. 7 3 1 Gesellschaftsspiele Spielgruppe (Koppenstr.) 4 Lfd. 12 4 1 Straßenverkehr Verkehrserziehung (Koppenstr.) 2 Lfd. 10 5 1 Qi Gong Qi Gong (3 Gruppen) 12 Lfd. 40 7 1 Laufen (Joggen) Laufgruppe 8 Lfd. 5-15 8 1 Ortsgruppe Volkssolidarität VS OG 48 1 Lfd. 20 9 2 Literaturkurs Seniorenuniversität 2 10 40 0 Mon 2 Yoga Yoga 4 ate Lfd. 6 1 2 Kreatives Gestalten Textilkreis 2 Lfd. 12 2 2 Französisch 4 1 6 3 Mon 2 Englisch Englisch 1 und 2 4 at Lfd. 6 4 Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  45. 45. Soziales/Migranten 2 Arbeitslosigkeit SHG Ermutigungskreis 4 Lfd. 4 5 2 Ältere Menschen Seniorengruppe Kreuzberg 4 Lfd. 8 6 2 Tauschringtreffen Friedrichshainer Tauschring 4 Lfd. 10 7 2 Ältere Menschen Lebensbaum 8 Lfd. 9 8 2 Arbeitslosigkeit Existenzgründer 4 9 5 9 Mo nate 3 Ältere Menschen Alleinstehende Senioren 8 Lfd. 10 0 3 Ältere Kooperation mit TRIAS 8 8 1 Menschen/Computerkurs Mo nate 3 Montagsdemo Stadtteilkomitee Friedrichshain 1 Lfd. 2 3 Hund und Mensch Friedrichshainer Hundefreunde 1 Lfd. 3 3 Trauern Verband für weltliche Trauerkultur 1 Lfd. 6 4 3 Migranten aus Kamerun (2 Assocciation des Ressortissants du 1 Lfd. 12 5 Gruppen) NDE/A.R.M. Menou 3 Russischsprachige Russischsprachige Rheumagruppe 4 1 12 6 Rheumagruppe Jahr 3 weltliche Trauerkultur Verband für weltliche Trauerkultur 1 Lfd. 7 7 3 Studenten-TV auf OKB Xenon-TV 4 Lfd 5 8 3 DA Debtors Anonymous 2 5 5 9 Mo nate 4 Anwalts- und Justizopfer 1 5 4 0 Mo nate Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  46. 46. Familie, Frauen, Männer 4 Frauen von homosexuellen Tangiert 1 Lfd. 3 1 Männern 4 Männer Ostkreuzmänner 4 Lfd. 9 2 4 Männer MRT(Kreuzberg) 4 Lfd. 5 3 4 Singletreffen Partnervermittlung 50+ 4 Lfd. 60 4 Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  47. 47. Gesundheitsbezogene Themen 4 Qi Gong 3 Kurse: Lfd. 40 5 12 4 Gesundheitstraining für Kooperation mit ALV 12 9 6 Arbeitslose Treffen Krankheiten 4 Krebs Frauen nach Krebs 1 Lfd. 8 7 4 Prostatakrebs Prostatakrebs (Kreuzberg) 4 6 8 Mo nate 4 Brustkrebs In Hohenschönhausen 1 Lfd. 9 5 Osteoporose Leben mit Osteoporose I 4 Lfd. 16 0 5 Polyneuropathie 2 3 2 1 Mo nate 5 Chronische Schmerzen Chronische Schmerzen 4 Lfd. 8 2 5 Prostatakrebs „Betroffene beraten Betroffenen 8 (bis - 3 Jan uar) 5 Parkinson Parkinson – Rat und Tat beim Skat 4 (bis 3 4 Mai ) 5 Apoplex Aphasiker (Praxis Friedrichshain) 4 Lfd. 4 5 Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  48. 48. Psychische Störungen und Erkrankungen 5 Messiesyndrom Anonyme Messies (im 4 Lfd. 15 6 Elternzentrum Kreuzberg) 5 Depression Mejusa; Reha 4 (bis 10 7 Mai ) 5 Angehörige Verbündete, Partner von sexuell 2 Lfd. 5 8 missbrauchten Frauen 5 Zwänge Zwangserkrankung 2 Lfd. 8 9 Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  49. 49. Sucht 6 Spielsucht Glücksspielsucht 4 Lfd. 8 0 6 Beziehungssucht CoDa (Co-Dependents 4 Lfd. 10 1 Anonymous) 6 Rauschmittelsucht NA (Narcotics Anonymous) 4 Lfd. 20 2 (Lausitzer Str.) 6 Anonyme Alkoholiker AA 4 Lfd. 20 3 6 Esssucht Esssucht 4 10 5 4 Mo nate 6 Angehörige Drogenprobleme – Elternkreis 2 Lfd. 5 6 Alkoholsucht Brücke 4 10 6 6 Mo nate Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  50. 50. Beratung 6 Freiwilligenagentur Koop. mit NHU 7 6 Grünberatung Koop. mit Stadtteilausschuss 8 Kreuzberg 6 Sozialberatung Selbsthilfe-Initiative 9 7 Partnervermittlung Ehrenamtliches Angebot 0 7 Tauschring Ehrenamtliches Angebot 1 7 Rechtsberatung Rechtsanwalt 2 7 Beratung zu Selbsthilfe etc. 3 in russischer Sprache 7 Schreibabyambulanz Beratung für Eltern (Lausitzer Str.) 4 Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  51. 51. Relationship men-women Männer 25% Männer Frauen Frauen 75% Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  52. 52. Age of visitors 71+ 13% 20-30 20-30 61-70 31% 31-40 9% 41-50 51-60 51-60 6% 61-70 41-50 31-40 71+ 25% 16% Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  53. 53. Answers to the question: Did had contact to self-help groups before you took part in your actual self-help group ? nein Ja Ja 50% 50% nein Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  54. 54. I would like to lern more about Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg and community center Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg kA Ja 17% 25% Ja Nein kA Nein 58% Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  55. 55. Group dynamics and “rules” for groups Groud dynamics is the study of groups, and also a general term for group processes Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  56. 56. Team development clock Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  57. 57. Rules and methods for group work in Germany (Sekis) Rules and methods serve to structure the conversation and course of events in the group. They make it easier for everyone to concentrate on a definite subject and his or her own concerns. Application of the rules and methods differs from group to group and also depends on the subject matter of the self help group. Thus, for example, many self help groups in the area of addiction work with rules different from those used by groups dedicated to experiencing oneself or to dealing with a certain chronic illness. Some self help groups work without established rules or only use certain techniques and methods which appear to them to be necessary for group work. Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  58. 58. 1. The beginning and end of each session are determined in advance. The members know when the group work begins and can prepare themselves for presenting their concerns during this time. Punctual beginning and end of the sessions are important for this reason. Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  59. 59. 2. Everyone speaks about himself and not about others. As a matter of principle, every member speaks about himself – about his or her thoughts, feelings, experience, hopes and expectations. Of course, one cannot avoid speaking about relatives, friends and others who play an important part in one’s life; nevertheless, the group’s attention should be directed to oneself. Also, nothing should be said about group members when they are not present! Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  60. 60. 3. Group communication problems have priority Interrupt the conversation if for any reason you are not really able to participate in it. For example, you might be bored, annoyed or for some other reason not be able to concentrate on the conversation. Such an “absent” member loses the chance to develop himself in the group and the group also loses the benefit of this member’s presence. When the problem has been set aside, the interrupted conversation is resumed, or it may be that first another subject is discussed because it is currently more important for the group and was possibly raised by the interruption itself. It takes courage to apply this rule, but this rule is very important and promotes the feeling of togetherness within the group. Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  61. 61. 4. How am I doing today? At the beginning of their meetings, many groups ask about the current problems and moods of the members (e.g. including fears which are brought to the session). The group first goes over these, even though another subject was actually planned. This approach gives the individual a feeling of togetherness and being understood. Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  62. 62. 5. Snapshot Every person receives the opportunity to say something short (at most 2 minutes) about a certain subject, situation or current mood. These statements are not discussed; indeed, nobody makes any comments about them at all! The snapshot can be applied at the beginning, during or at the end of a group meeting, as well as in group situations in which a lack of clarity prevails. A snapshot can serve to: clarify diffuse situations between the members, depict the current personal situation of the members to express one’s own feelings and moods to present expectations, needs and wishes, to identify subjects which arouse interest, to ease everyone into the group conversation, to draw a picture of opinions which concludes the group session. The snapshot is not evaluated until all the participants have expressed themselves. At that point certain conclusions might be drawn (e.g. to change the subject or to apply a certain rule). Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  63. 63. 6. Feedback With feedback we find out how our conduct has affected others. The positive effect of feedback lies in the fact that conduct which disturbs group work can be corrected and conduct which is helpful can be reinforced. When I am not sure how my conduct affects the other members of the group or when I want to know what others think of me, I can ask for feedback. Also, when, for example, the conduct of a particular member of the group pleases me or releases unpleasant feelings in me, I can announce that I am going to give a feedback. It is not easy to give feedback, nor is it easy to get feedback from others. We are not accustomed to speaking of our feelings openly. That is why it is helpful to go by the following rules for feedback: Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  64. 64. When you give feedback: Speak to the other person directly and show that this is who you mean. Speak of the feelings which the conduct of the other has released in you. Say specifically how you experienced the situation so that the other person can understand which conduct of his you mean. Assessments, complaints and speculations about the conduct of the other are not helpful When you receive feedback: Do not try to refute something right away or to defend yourself or to explain the matter. First listen and notice which feelings the feedback releases in you. You can also ask the other members of the group for feedback. Not until then can you go into the substance of the matter. Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  65. 65. Examples of rules for group interactions The psychoanalyst Ruth Cohn has developed the concept of interactions focused on a specific subject. During the past few years the elements of this concept have been becoming increasingly popular in group work with adults. In this section we give some examples of subject focused interactions. These are suggestions which should assist you in your group work. Each self help group should apply those methods and rules which best help it to structure its goal oriented group conversations. Some groups only apply a couple rules or none at all. Others apply a fairly large number of rules. You decide which rules and methods, if any, to apply on the basis of what helps you to structure your group work in a pleasant and effective way. Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  66. 66. Examples of rules for group interactions The psychoanalyst Ruth Cohn has developed the concept of interactions focused on a specific subject. During the past few years the elements of this concept have been becoming increasingly popular in group work with adults. In this section we give some examples of subject focused interactions. These are suggestions which should assist you in your group work. Each self help group should apply those methods and rules which best help it to structure its goal oriented group conversations. Some groups only apply a couple rules or none at all. Others apply a fairly large number of rules. You decide which rules and methods, if any, to apply on the basis of what helps you to structure your group work in a pleasant and effective way. Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  67. 67. ‘Be your own leader’ Be your own leader and act in accordance with your own needs in regard to the subject and to what is otherwise important for you. You are responsible for what you do for yourself through this group. You do not need to ask whether that which you want pleases or displeases the other members of the group. Just say what you want. Each of the other members is his or her own leader too, so they will tell you when they want something else. Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  68. 68. ‘Be authentic and selective in your communications. Be clear on what you think and feel and decide what to say and do.’ If I just say or do something because I am supposed to, then what I say or do has not been evaluated by me in my own proven way and I am not acting authentically, not acting in accordance with me. When, however, I am authentic, I contribute to trust and understanding. Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  69. 69. ‘Be careful with generalizations’ Generalizations interrupt the group process. It is also easy for them to distract from specific persons. Generalizations are appropriate when a subordinate subject has been discussed sufficiently and it is time to go on to something else. Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  70. 70. ‘When speaking about yourself, use the first person; that is, do not say ‘one’, ‘we’, ‘us’, etc. when you actually mean ‘I’ or ‘me’. Some statements are a personal confession or confidence which also encourages other participants to make similar statements of their own. In these cases, do not hide behind words such as ‘one’ and ‘we’, thus avoiding responsibility for what you say; rather, present yourself as your own person and use ‘I’ and ‘me’. Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  71. 71. ‘When asking a question, say why you are asking it and what it means for you.’ Following this rule promotes real dialogues which meet the need of the questioner for answers. While questions by themselves are another means with which you can avoid revealing yourself and your opinion, when you express your opinion in addition to your question, you make it easier for the persons to whom you put your question to contradict you or agree. Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  72. 72. ‘Only one person at a time, please!’ Nobody can listen to more than one statement at the same time. You, as well as everybody else, can only concentrate on verbal interactions when they follow one another in time. Group cohesion results from concentrated interest of its members in each other and for each other’s statements and actions. Side conversations should not be allowed. When side conversations are conducted, they should be made public and included in the group conversation. Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  73. 73. Дякуємо Вам за увагу! Selbsthilfe-Treffpunkt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg

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