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System concepts

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System concepts

  1. 1. Management Information System System Concepts
  2. 2. System <ul><li>A SYSTEM IS AN ORDERLY GROUPING OF </li></ul><ul><li>INTERDEPENDENT COMPONENTS LINKED </li></ul><ul><li>TOGETHER ACCORDING TO A PLAN TO </li></ul><ul><li>ACHIEVE A SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Basic Implications <ul><li>A System must be designed to achieve a predetermined objective. </li></ul><ul><li>Interrelationships & Interdependence must exist among the components. </li></ul><ul><li>The objectives of the organization as a whole have a higher priority than the objectives of its subsystems. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Examples of Systems <ul><li>Transportation System </li></ul><ul><li>Telephone System </li></ul><ul><li>Accounting System </li></ul><ul><li>Production System </li></ul><ul><li>Computer System </li></ul><ul><li>Business System etc. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Elements/Components Of System <ul><li>Inputs </li></ul><ul><li>Processor (s) </li></ul><ul><li>Outputs </li></ul><ul><li>Control </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul>
  6. 6. Components Of System…
  7. 7. Characteristics Of System <ul><li>Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Interdependence </li></ul><ul><li>Integration </li></ul><ul><li>Central Objective </li></ul>
  8. 8. Types Of Systems <ul><li>Conceptual & Empirical </li></ul><ul><li>Natural & Manufactured </li></ul><ul><li>Social, People-Machine & Machine </li></ul><ul><li>Closed & Open </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptive & Non-Adaptive </li></ul><ul><li>Deterministic & Probabilistic </li></ul><ul><li>Permanent & Temporary </li></ul><ul><li>Stationary & Non-Stationary </li></ul><ul><li>Subsystems & Supersystem </li></ul>
  9. 9. System Approach <ul><li>Its the approach of building information systems. </li></ul><ul><li>The Increased Complexity of Business </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Technological Revolution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research and Development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Product Changes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Information Explosion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Increased Complexity of Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information Feedback Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decision Making </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Management Science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Electronic Computer </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Business Organization As A System CONTROL Plans Programs Policies Strategies Performance Standards Measure Performance Against Plan INPUT Manpower Money Materials Machines Information PROCESSING Management Information System OUTPUT Objectives Productivity Growth Innovation Employee Devlp.

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