Seminar on
What is Daknet <ul><li>Developed by MIT Media Lab researchers. </li></ul><ul><li>It is an ad hoc network. </li></ul><ul><l...
Need of Daknet <ul><li>a phone is dutifully installed as part of the current government mandate to connect villages to nei...
Architecture of Daknet <ul><li>Components of Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Hub </li></ul><ul><li>Kiosk </li></ul><ul><li>...
ICT Information Communication Technologies <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>CTs are seen as overall enablers of deve...
ICT <ul><li>Advantage to Developing Countries </li></ul><ul><li>Developing countries have the advantage of </li></ul><ul><...
ICT <ul><li>Challenges in adopting ICT </li></ul><ul><li>Rural and remote areas, have been slow to change for several reas...
Daknet Technology Architecture <ul><li>The hub server software and the kiosk client software are pre-installed and pre-con...
First Mile Solutions Mobile Access Points that are mounted on vehicles to provide broadband &quot;drive-by WiFi&quot; acce...
Seamless Scalability Daknet provides the ability to seamlessly upgrade to the always-on broadband connectivity. The wirele...
Daknet Economics <ul><li>A capital investment of $15 million could equip each of India’s 50,000 rural buses with MAP and t...
Advantages <ul><li>Daknet allows for low cost and low power radio devices to be used. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><l...
Applications <ul><li>Internet/Internet messaging </li></ul><ul><li>Information distribution/Broadcasting </li></ul><ul><li...
Introducing rural inabitants to DAKNET
Daknet in action Bhoomi  initiative in India is recognized as the first national e-governance initiative in India. Pioneere...
DAKNET in Action – Bangalore District
Conclusion <ul><li>We have discussed all the benefits of DAKNET and it is evidently going to help the developing nations l...
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Daknet Technology

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Daknet comes from the hindi word DAK that stands for 'mail'. Daknet is thus a wireless network provider for rural areas. It requires bare minimum investment and equipment and efficiently provides connectivity to the third world countries.

Developed by MIT Media Lab researchers.
It is an ad hoc network.
It uses wireless technology to provide asynchronous digital connectivity.
It marks the beginning of a road to universal broadband connectivity.

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Daknet Technology

  1. 1. Seminar on
  2. 2. What is Daknet <ul><li>Developed by MIT Media Lab researchers. </li></ul><ul><li>It is an ad hoc network. </li></ul><ul><li>It uses wireless technology to provide asynchronous digital connectivity. </li></ul><ul><li>It marks the beginning of a road to universal broadband connectivity. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Need of Daknet <ul><li>a phone is dutifully installed as part of the current government mandate to connect villages to neighboring towns. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the phone is used occasionally. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>most still travel sometimes days to obtain the forms and other data . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>analog telephone far more expensive. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Architecture of Daknet <ul><li>Components of Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Hub </li></ul><ul><li>Kiosk </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile access point </li></ul><ul><li>DAKNET transmit data over short point to point links between kiosks and portable storage devices, called mobile access points (MAPS). </li></ul>
  5. 5. ICT Information Communication Technologies <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>CTs are seen as overall enablers of development. </li></ul><ul><li>United Nations’ influential Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)5 both target and rely on ICTs. </li></ul>
  6. 6. ICT <ul><li>Advantage to Developing Countries </li></ul><ul><li>Developing countries have the advantage of </li></ul><ul><li>adopting optimal technologies for their needs </li></ul><ul><li>without having to invest heavily in R&D </li></ul><ul><li>themselves. </li></ul>
  7. 7. ICT <ul><li>Challenges in adopting ICT </li></ul><ul><li>Rural and remote areas, have been slow to change for several reasons- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High cost and limited access are the main obstacles to telephone services. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The ratio of communications infrastructure costs to income is many times larger . </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Daknet Technology Architecture <ul><li>The hub server software and the kiosk client software are pre-installed and pre-configured. </li></ul><ul><li>The Mobile Access Points also have the network software pre-installed and configured. </li></ul><ul><li>The software consists of system, transport, and application level codes written to optimize the use of the physical network and serve as a platform to interface with numerous end-user applications while retaining a small data overhead and processing power requirements. </li></ul>
  9. 9. First Mile Solutions Mobile Access Points that are mounted on vehicles to provide broadband &quot;drive-by WiFi&quot; access as they pass through rural areas. As the vehicle carrying the Mobile Access Point drives by each village, it automatically collects and delivers data wirelessly to/from access devices in each village.
  10. 10. Seamless Scalability Daknet provides the ability to seamlessly upgrade to the always-on broadband connectivity. The wireless broadband connectivity provides sophisticated services like voice over internet protocol which allows “normal” real-time telephony. Daknet supports easy user-interface and low cost hardware that allows individuals, with no professional skills of using communication devices, operate the software and get connected.
  11. 11. Daknet Economics <ul><li>A capital investment of $15 million could equip each of India’s 50,000 rural buses with MAP and thereby provide connectivity to about 750 million people living in rural India. </li></ul><ul><li>Costs for the interactive user devices that DakNet supports—including thin-client terminals, PDAs, and VoIP telephones—may also soon become far more affordable than traditional PCs or WLL equipment. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Advantages <ul><li>Daknet allows for low cost and low power radio devices to be used. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>The use of short distance radio links also ensures high data rated. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Does not have the interference problem. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Security problem is not there. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>And maintenance cost associated with long distance wireless links. </li></ul>19/08/11
  13. 13. Applications <ul><li>Internet/Internet messaging </li></ul><ul><li>Information distribution/Broadcasting </li></ul><ul><li>Information collection </li></ul><ul><li>Rural supply chain management </li></ul><ul><li>Information searching & web searching </li></ul>19/08/11
  14. 14. Introducing rural inabitants to DAKNET
  15. 15. Daknet in action Bhoomi initiative in India is recognized as the first national e-governance initiative in India. Pioneered by the State Government of Karnataka, Bhoomi has been successfully implemented across the state to completely replace the physical land records system. Villagers along the bus route have enthusiastically received the DakNet-Bhoomi system. They are grateful to avoid making the long, expensive trip into the main city to obtain land records.
  16. 16. DAKNET in Action – Bangalore District
  17. 17. Conclusion <ul><li>We have discussed all the benefits of DAKNET and it is evidently going to help the developing nations like India eradicate the-digital-divide by bringing technology to everyone. The current focus is on further lowering the costs of the required equipment. </li></ul>
  18. 18. THANK YOU

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