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Eval types

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EVALUATION TYPES

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Eval types

  1. 1. Types of Evaluation Ms. GURKIRAT KAUR ASST. PROF. CHITKARA UNIVERSITY
  2. 2. MEDICAL ENTRANCE EXAMINATIONS CLASS TESTSUNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS
  3. 3. PLACEMENT EVALUATION• Designed to place the right person in the right place• Determine the level of child in the instructional sequence• Teacher planned scheme of instruction for classroom to bring a change in pupil’s behaviour in an orderly manner• Then educators prepare/ place students for planned instruction for their better prospects
  4. 4. PLACEMENT EVALUATIONBefore undertaking new instruction it is essential to know:• Does the pupil possess required knowledge and skills for the instruction?• Whether the pupil has already mastered some of the instructional objectives?• Whether the mode of instruction is suitable for pupils?
  5. 5. PLACEMENT EVALUATIONThe ANSWERS are obtained through• Aptitude Test• Self- reporting Inventories• Medical Entrance Examinations• Engineering Entrance Examinations
  6. 6. FORMATIVE EVALUATION• Used to monitor the progress of students during the period of instruction• Used to provide continuous feedback to both teachers and students regarding learning successes and failures while instruction is in progress
  7. 7. FORMATIVE EVALUATION• Provides reinforcement on being successful and identification of specific learning errors• Feedback to teachers provides information for modifying instruction and for providing remedial work• Formative evaluation is concerned not only with the appraisal of the achievement but also with its improvement
  8. 8. FORMATIVE EVALUATION Formative Evaluation thus aids in • Diagnosing • Placement • Monitoring Examples: • Monthly Tests • Class Tests • Periodical assessments • Teachers’ observations
  9. 9. DIAGNOSTIC EVALUATION• Concerned with identifying the learning difficulties or weakness of pupils during instruction• Tries to locate the specific areas of weakness of a pupil• Provide remedial instruction to the pupils
  10. 10. DIAGNOSTIC EVALUATION Diagnostic Tests Observational Techniques Advice from Specialists
  11. 11. SUMMATIVE EVALUATION• Done at the end of a course of instruction• Used to know to what extent the previously fixed objectives have been accomplished• Used to assign grades to the pupils
  12. 12. SUMMATIVE EVALUATION• Indicated the degree to which students have mastered the contentFunctions of summative evaluation are• Crediting• Certifying• Promoting• Selecting
  13. 13. SUMMATIVE EVALUATION Examples • Traditional school and university examination • Teacher made tests • Standardized tests
  14. 14. • Raman got 93 % marks in a test of Mathematics.• Raman stood first in Mathematics test in his class.• A typist types 60 words per minute.• The typist who types 60 words per minute stands above 90% of the typists who appeared in the interview
  15. 15. Criterion- Referenced Evaluation• Concerned with performance of individual in terms of what he can do or the behaviour he can demonstrate• There is a reference to a criterion• But there is no reference to performance of other individuals in the group
  16. 16. Criterion- Referenced Evaluation• Refers to an individuals performance to a predetermined criterion which is well defined• Example: Amit’s score in a reading test is 70 Here there is no reference to the performance of other members of the group
  17. 17. Criterion- Referenced EvaluationA Criterion- Referenced TestIS USED TO ASCERTAIN AN INDIVIDUAL’S STATUS WITH RESPECT TO A DEFINED ACHIEVEMENT DOMAIN
  18. 18. Criterion- Referenced Evaluation• Used to assess the objectives in terms of behavioral changes• It is objective based test• Can measure one or more assessment domain
  19. 19. Norm- Referenced Evaluation• Is the traditional class- based assignment of numerals to the attribute being measured• The measurement act relates to some norm, group or a typical performance• Attempt to interpret the test results in terms of performance of a certain group
  20. 20. Norm- Referenced Evaluation• This group is a norm group as it serves as referent of norm for making judgements• Measurement is made in terms of a class or any other norm group• Almost all classroom tests, public examinations and standardized tests are norm referenced
  21. 21. Norm- Referenced EvaluationExample: Amit surpasses 65% students of his class in reading testHere the persons’ performance is compared to others of their group and the relative standing position of person in his/her group
  22. 22. References• Sahu, Binod K.(2007). Statistics in Psychology & Education, Kalyani Publishers, India• Aggarwal, J.C. (2002). Essentials of examination system- evaluation, Tests and measurement, Vikas Publishing House, Delhi

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