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  1. 1. Child-Centred Education
  2. 2. The Learning Environment “I know I cannot teach anyone anything.I can only provide the environment in which he can learn…” Carl Rogers (1969)
  3. 3. Defining Student-Centred Learning Harden and Crosby (2000:335) described student– centred learning as focusing on the students’ learning and ‘what students do to achieve this, rather than what the teacher does’. Burnard interprets Rogers’ ideas of student–centredness as ‘students might not only choose what to study, but how and why that topic might be an interesting one to study’
  4. 4.  SCL also known as  flexible learning  independent learning  open/distance learning  participative learning  self-managed learning
  5. 5. Critical attributes Construction of learning Metacognition Educator/student partnership in learning Collaborative learning Meaningful assessment in real-world contexts 5
  6. 6. Principles of child-centered education Orientation on the needs of the Children Active self-regulated learning Well designed learning environment Social learning as a method and a goal Broad understanding of performance and ability Conducive school community Addressing performance assessments in an encouraging manner 6
  7. 7. Differences between SCL & Traditional Learning TRADITIONAL STUDENT-CENTRED Tutors seen as ‘fountains of all  Tutors seen as having ‘facilitator’ knowledge’ role Students adopt passive role  Students adopt active role Tutor led  Student led Student taught to set syllabus  Negotiated curriculum Fixed semesters/terms  Flexible study pattern Learning restricted to classroom  Learning not restricted to classroom: time, pace, place Set classes each week  Group learning via action learning Didactic  Utilise range of teaching methods
  8. 8. Benefits of Student-Centred Learning Students  can work alone or in small groups, on and off campus  have access to range of learning resources other than the tutor  can take exams at own convenience  can enrol at flexible times of the year  take ownership of their learning; become reflective learners and be empowered  are more motivated and committed towards learning because they become partners in the learning process  can work and learn in partnership
  9. 9. Benefits of Student-Centred Learning Tutors  Institutions  act as facilitators, guides, mentors  able to attract non-traditional  work in teams and draw on the students & students from diverse help from technicians, librarians, backgrounds etc  widen HE participation into the community  are able to work with students to determine teaching and learning  more ‘bums on seats’!!! strategies  opportunity to improve ‘bottom line’ performance  develop student’s ability to become a ‘researcher’, accessing  gain international reputation multiple sources of information  tutor time can be freed up to spend on research and attracting research funding
  10. 10. Implications for curriculum design Modularisation Problem–Based Learning The writing of learning outcomes/objectives focusing on what the student will be able to do, rather than on the content being covered by the teacher
  11. 11. Implications for teaching/learning methods Independent projects Group discussion Peer mentoring of other students Debates Rounds (giving turns to individual students to talk) Field-trips Quizes Practicals Student class presentations Computer assisted learning Role play Poster presentations
  12. 12. Implications for assessment practices Formative assessment Peer and self-assessment Projects Group work Skills and competencies