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Equity vs equality


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Equity vs equality

  1. 1. Gunjan Gaurav2011HE008
  2. 2. Equity Vs Equality Equality= Equity= Samenes Fairness s
  3. 3. Equity in health "equity in health" as "Minimizing avoidable disparities in health and its determinants – including but not limited to health care – between groups of people who have different levels of underlying social attributes(WHO) Three views of equity:- Focus Inclusion Narrowing gaps
  4. 4. Equity vs. equality Always controversial what to include. Equity is an illusive social goal which allows government to offer all type of justification when they fall short whereas Equality is a human right and therefore poses legal obligation. Equity is a subjective term that mean different things to different people whereas the term equality is measureable which can only be achieved when there is no existence of discrimination against men and women
  5. 5. Equity vs equality Equality is not making women equal to men rather than to enjoy the status of human Equality does not mean to treat all the sexes identical rather it is discriminatory to treat different as identical. Equality focuses on that whether it is identical or different measures it should result in all people enjoying their human rights on an equal basis.
  6. 6. Equality The convention on all forms of elimination of discrimination against women(CEDAW) discrimination against women as "...any distinction, exclusion or restriction made on the basis of sex which has the effect or purpose of impairing or nullifying the recognition, enjoyment or exercise by women, irrespective of their marital status, on a basis of equality of men and women, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural, civil or any other field.“ Non descrimination,state obligation and substantive equality is the key
  7. 7. Equity or Equality Depends on Right to health Leg obligation al Redefining equity in health. What to do?• inequalities in health that are unjust, unfair and avoidable. The measurement of health disparities without respect to how the disparities are distributed socially is not a measure of equity and does not reflect fairness or justice with respect to health
  8. 8. Equity Health equity is the absence of systematic disparities in health(or its social determinants) between more and less advantaged social groups. Health equity an ethical concept based on distributive justice, is also linked to human rights. Means equal opportunity to be healthy. "implies that resources are distributed and processes are designed in ways most likely to move toward equalising the health outcomes of disadvantaged social groups with the outcomes of their more advantaged counterparts
  9. 9. Gender social construction Gender Men ≠ womenWomen ≠ Gender ≠ SexGender is learned socially determined behaviour.Focus on unequal relation between the men and women.
  10. 10. Gender inequities in healthcare :Three typesof imbalances. Opportunities to enjoy health Access to health resources Health Risks Power in the Health Needs health sector Responsibility in the health sector
  11. 11. Gender Equity in Health Gender equity in health means In health status In access and use In financing of care Participation in health production.