EnvironmentalImpact of Gunwant Joshi Chief ChemistM.P.Pollution Control Board
Come Bhadrapad & its time forfestival of Lord Ganesh All over the country Ganesh idols are invoked on Shukla Chaturthi with all the Ferver and Gaity This year Ganesh Chaturthi is coming on 19th September
Traditionally, from ancient times, Shri Ganesh idols were made from mud & clays, and often painted with vegetable dyes and then were installed with great religious fervor on the Day of Bhadrapad Shukla ChaturthiThe practice was prevalent mostly in high cast Hindus
The Fiery freedom fighter, a great Indian Scholar & social reformer transformed this purely religious annual festival into a well-organized Socio-Political Public event to provide a plate-form to unite & motivate the youth and the masses to come together against the British Government and demand the Right to self Rule In 1893, He installed idol of “Lord Ganesh, deity of Wisdom to symbolise the peoples aspirations for Socio-cultural and Political change in the society & also to bridge the gap between ‘Brahmins’and non-Brahmins‘ so that the Freedom movement gets momentum
Ganesh Festival is the epitome of Wisdom, Creativity, Harmony & Positive societal change. Provides opportunity to the people for the artistic expression manifested in different formsOver the years this has undergone tremendous changedue to people’s attitude to see it in different perspective
The result is That is manifested in several artistic ways Unfortunately this is now taking the dangerous dimensions
What thoughts come your mind when u hear about the Festivity of The Ganesh Chaturthi? Is it about… •Sweet & Tasty ….Ok …What else ?
•Shiny glossy colorful mesmerising idols of Ganeshji and ….. explosion of creativity in preparing the idols and pandal decorations… . Aartee…Poojas, Bhajans, and… Loud music, unattended garbage ….and.. May be…..
You may even think of The impending Environmental damage ?????That is going to take placein form of Visarjan activityOn Anant Chaturdashi When the Lord Shall leave!
The Idols of the Lord & PoP The idols are often made from non- biodegradable materials such as Plastic, Cement, Plaster of Paris and often painted with toxic dyes. Plaster of Paris comprises of chemicals like gypsum, sulphur, phosphorus & magnesium and is insoluble in water. Paints contain heavy metals like Chromium, cadmium, lead and Mercury etc. which are toxic to the life forms
Community Ganesh Pendals What it should be How it isThe idol of Shree Ganesh is most important in elegant Excessive electric lighting and background and beautiful decoration using thermocol and other ambiance non-biodegradable materialEverybody should collectively Noisy recordings-empty pendals join for pooja with devotion. Long aartis in loud tone causingSelective devotionful aarti with Noise Pollution. Prayer and Chantings
Community Ganesh Pendals What it should be How it is Preparation of pooja after Most People absent at the time of purification to maintain the pooja and those present often sanctity. chit chat. Everyone should remain Anti-social elements often take present and experience the over and indulge in unwanted divine consciousness. activities
Visarjan Procession What it should be How it isDisciplined procession Slow paced unrulywith religious chanting procession, antisocial elements sneak in.
Hard to believe After immersion We go home and sleep...?..!!Never everactually look backwhat have we left behindafter the visarjan?
The Idols we worshiped and reveredlie here Crest fallen, Don’t they deserve
Chemical Mean Concentration Concentration before Concentration after Pollutants In Water Immersion of Idols Immersion of Idols Calcium 25.14 43.77 68.4* Magnesium 7.785 6.590 10.02* Molybdenum 0.090 0.149 0.534* Silicon 3.537 2.954 3.826** Arsenic 0.124 0.121 0.497 Iron 0.212 0.125 0.22** Lead 0.289 0.351 0.45** Mercury 0.689 0.553 0.778** Threshold Limit Value (TLV) : *TLV=0.01; **TLV=0.05TLV is the permissible level of a toxic pollutant to which a healthy person is exposed during an eight hour day without any adverse effect.
S. No. Material Contributed Impact on the Aquatic Body1 Plaster of Paris Increases dissolved solids, contribute metals and sludge.2. Decoration material viz. Contributes Suspended Particulate Matters (SPM), clothes, polish, paint, trace metals (Zinc, Lead, Iron, Chromium, Arsenic, ornaments, cosmetic Mercury, etc.), metalloids and various organic and items. inorganic matter, oil and grease, etc.3. Flowers, garlands, oily Increase floating suspended matter, organic substances contamination, oil and grease and various organic and inorganic matter.4. Bamboo sticks, beauty Pieces float in water or settle at the river bottom articles inhabiting river flow.5. Polythene bags / plastic Contribute suspended matter, settled matter and items hazardous material to water and choke the aquatic life.6. Eatables,food items, etc. Contribute oil and grease, organics to water bodies.
For Children, They are a Fun to make Easy Visarjan ! Little or No Environmental implications!!Our Schools may consider this
GUIDELINES FOR IDOL IMMERSION CENTRAL POLLUTION CONTROL BOARD, DELHI The document is available at http://www.cpcb.nic.in/
Identification of the Immersion Ghats Co-ordination Committee Burning of solid wastes Disposal Within 48 hours of the immersion Mass awareness
Guidelines for Idol Immersion in LakesFlowers, leaves and artificial ornaments of idols shouldbe removed prior to immersionArtificial pond using removable synthetic liners in thebottom should be created for immersion activityPost immersion, liners may be taken out along withremains of idols and lime should be added to the pondwater for settling the solids.De-sludging of the pond should be undertakenafterwards.
Guidelines for Idol Immersion in RiversTemporary ponds having earthen bunds along river bankshould be created as idol immersion spots.Flowers, leaves and artificial ornaments of idols shouldbe removed prior to immersionRemovable synthetic liner may be placed well inadvance in bottom of pond.The said liner along with remains of idols should beremoved from the point within 48 hours of immersion ofidols.
Recommendations: Install Eco Idols [dissolve in water in >10 hrs] Use permanent idols made of brass or stone. Use a small painted idol made of unbaked clay if you immerse the idol Immerse the idol in a tub or a water tank Collect the flowers and Nirmalya and compost them Avoid the use of thermocole & plastic in decorations
Within 24 hours of the immersion of idols, the left over material (near rivers, lakes, beaches, etc.) should be collected by the local bodies and disposed off. At the immersion sites, burning of solid wastes should not be allowed. People should be encouraged to go for smaller size idols. Through media people should be educated about the ill effects of such activities on holy water bodies & encouraged to go for "kar-sewa" in order to minimize, the adverse effects.
Other ResourceWonderful slide show on Ganesh Festival and related issues http://parisaraganapati.net/GUIDELINES FOR IDOL IMMERSION Published by CPCB in June’2010 The document is available at http://www.cpcb.nic.in/ How to make Eco Idols/Green Ganesh http://parisaraganapati.net/ http://www.savetubevideo.com/?v=Q1ZH0tkh2TQ