Intro to Reading Fluency

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Intro to Reading Fluency from Teaching Reading Sourcebook, 2nd edition

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Intro to Reading Fluency

  1. 1. Section IV: Reading Fluency Teaching Reading Sourcebook 2 nd edition
  2. 2. Fluency: The Bridge Between Decoding and Comprehension <ul><li>At one end, fluency connects to accuracy and automaticity (rapid word recognition) in decoding. </li></ul><ul><li>At the other end, it connects to comprehension through prosody or expressive interpretation. </li></ul><ul><li>Fluency consists of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>accuracy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>rate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>prosody </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fluent readers are able to devote their attention to comprehension. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Fluency is <ul><ul><li>Accuracy: This is the ability to recognize or decode words correctly. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rate: This is the speed or ability to read words automatically, which frees cognitive resources for comprehension. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prosody: They are the features that convey information beyond that provided by the actual words themselves: pitch (intonation, inflection), stress patterns, phrasing (chunking groups of phrases into meaningful units). </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Influences on Reading Fluency <ul><li>Comprehension: It facilitates fluent reading, especially for beginning or struggling readers. Students read words in meaningful context faster than out of context (word lists). </li></ul><ul><li>Proportion of the words recognized instantaneously or by “sight” (automaticity): This is the most important variable in reading fluency differences. </li></ul><ul><li>Speed and Accuracy of Decoding: Unfamiliar words must be identified analytically using sound/spelling correspondences or “chunks” of words. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Influences on Reading Fluency Continued <ul><li>Metacognition and Purpose for Reading: Students must make decisions or self regulate in terms of rate and prosody, depending on type of text. </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary Size: Words that are part of a student’s oral vocabulary are more easily recognized and understood. How quickly a student accesses known meanings influences rate and prosody. </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation and Engagement: Fluency is likely to suffer if a student is not motivated to read or if the text is not engaging. </li></ul>

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