China group 1

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China group 1

  1. 1. Allen Rajesh Sanders Avinash Ayyagari Gaurav Dutta Prathyusha Raviprolu Sudarshan
  2. 2.  Area : 9,596,961 sq. km Regional borders: Hong Kong, Macau
  3. 3.  Population: 1,343,239,923  Age structure:  25-54 years: 46.5% (male 319,710,444/female 305,378,723)  Median age:  Total : 35.9 years male : 35.2 years female: 36.6 years  Population growth rate: 0.481%  Birth rate : 12.31 births/1,000 population  Death rate: 7.17 deaths/1,000 population  Net migration rate: -0.33 migrant(s)/1,000 population
  4. 4.  Science and Technology  Infrastructure  Agriculture  Foreign Relations  Trade Relations(top 4 banks are Chinese)  Superpower Status  Intellectual Property Rights  Legal System
  5. 5.  Agriculture: China is a country with a large population but less arable land  Township enterprises  Now China leads the world in output of grain, cotton, oil plants, fruit, meat, eggs, aquatic products and vegetables. Type 1978 1990 2000 2003 2004 Grain 30,477 44,624 46,218 43,070 46,947 Cotton 216.7 450.8 441.7 486.0 632.4 Oil-bearing crops 521.8 1,613.2 2,954.8 2,811.0 3,065.9 Sugarcane 2,111.6 5,762.0 6,828.0 9,023.5 8,984.9 Beet 270.2 1,452.5 807.3 618.2 585.7 Cured tobacco 105.2 225.9 223.8 201.5 216.3 Tea 26.8 54.0 68.3 76.8 83.5 Fruit 657.0 1,874.4 6,225.1 14,517.4 15,340.9 Meat 856.3 2,513.5 6,125.4 6,932.9 7,244.8 Aquatic products 465.4 1,237.0 4,278.5 4,704.5 4,901.8
  6. 6. 1. Medicine 2. Telecommunications 3. Energy and power 4. Real estate 5. Automobile 6. Computer and software 7. Petrochemical Industry 8. Consumer Products 9. Iron and Steel 10. Transportation
  7. 7.  400 kinds of daily newspapers were published in China, their circulation reaching 80 million, the highest figure of any country in the world  Between 1950 and 2000, the number of Chinese newspapers increased nearly ten-fold.  Radio-CRI ranks third in overseas broadcasting time and languages in the world.
  8. 8.  The Central People's Broadcasting Station, the nation's official radio station, has eight channels, and broadcasts for a total of over 200 hours per day via satellite.  China Central Television (CCTV), China's largest and most powerful national television station, has established business relations with more than 250 television organizations in over 130 countries and regi  Altogether there are 3,000 television stations across the country
  9. 9.  China will have over 50 million Internet- connected computers, and over 200 million users of data, multi-media and the Internet, with about 15 percent of the population having access to the Internet.
  10. 10.  In 2011 China's railways carried 2,947 billion ton-kilometers of freight and 961.23 billion Passenger-km, both traffic volumes are the highest in the world.  China has the world's third largest rail network, as of 2010 it is 91,000 km (56,545 mi) long, an increase of some 5,000 km (3,107 mi) of track from 2009. About 47% of the network is electrified
  11. 11.  Car ownership is still low in comparison to the other members of the BRIC group of countries.  By 2007, electric bicycles were thought to make up 10 to 20 percent of all two-wheeled vehicles on the streets of many major cities.  The total number of planes of all mainland Chinese carriers combined will be near 1,580 by 2010, up from 863 in 2006. By 2025, the figure is estimated to be 4,000
  12. 12.  26 Ethnic groups-Han  Traditional social structure  Social stratification  Dowry, female oppression  Iron fist campaign  One child policy  30 million more men than women in 2020
  13. 13. THEN:  Iron rice bowl  "Security and equality“  Work units NOW:  Functionally specialized  Obedience  Skill
  14. 14.  Communist form of Government.  1 January 1912- Republic of China replaces Qing Dynasty  1 October 1949- People’s Republic of China formed  Suffrage- 18 Years
  15. 15. The government of the People’s Republic of China can be divided among the following bodies: 1.Communist Party of China(Political) 2.State Council(Executive) 3.National People’s Congress(Legislative) 4.Supreme People’s Court(Judicial) 5.People’s Liberation Army(Military)
  16. 16.  Founded - July,1921 in Shanghai.  Assumed full control of mainland china by 1949.  Practically, the only party in the country  Maintains a unitary government, centralizing the state, military and media.  World’s largest political party(>80,000 members)  Current President of PRC- Xi Jingping
  17. 17.  Central focus of power for the CPC.  Panel of 7 >> consisting of the top leaders of CPC  Ruled by the general secretary of the CPC  Currently the most powerful decision making body in China.  selection criteria.
  18. 18.  Highest state body in PRC with 2987 members  Still reckoned as Rubber-stamp  A forum for mediating policy differences  Controlled by CPC
  19. 19.  Established on August 1, 1927.  World’s largest military force with approx. 2,285,000 personnel(0.59% of China’s population)  5 main branches---Ground Force, Navy, Air Force, Second Artillery Force and Reserve Force  Command and control of PLA resides with the Central Military Commission(CMC) which comes under the CPC.
  20. 20.  One child policy  Investment in Africa  Cheap labor is not cheap anymore
  21. 21.  Foreign firms cannot engage in wholesaling activities and cannot wholly retain retail outlets  Necessary to have a tie up with local firms  Special Economic Zones
  22. 22.  Almost every bank is state owned  Media is entirely state owned to offer favorable political coverage.  The country operates under the highly centralized, single-party rule of the Communist Party.  2 sets of leadership – State and CCP leader  The top local leader must answer to the community party leader.
  23. 23.  Great Leap Forward ----1958-1961  Agrarian to Communism  Led to Great Leap Famine-> 30-45 million people died.  Cultural Revolution------1966-1976
  24. 24. First Stage(1978-84) Agriculture, Foreign Investment, SEZ Second Stage(1984-93) Decentralization , Shanghai Stock Exchange, Socialist Market Economy Third Stage(1993-2005) 1.Radical reforms- reduced tariff and regulations 2.Joined WTO Fourth Stage(2005-Present) 1.Hu-wen administration 2.Egalitarian and Populist Policies- increase subsidy and control 3.Halted Privatization and Loose monetary Policy
  25. 25.  China is the second largest importer of raw materials in the world.  China bought US$1.749 trillion worth of imported products. That total is up by 54.4% since 2008.  Electronics eqipment, oil, engines, pumps, medical equipment, plastics, organic chemicals, copper etc.
  26. 26.  The threat of new entrants  The bargaining power of buyers/customers  The threat of substitute products  The amount of bargaining power suppliers have  The amount of rivalry among competitors
  27. 27. S TRENGTHS W EAKNESSES O PPORTUNITIES T HREATS • Cheap Labour • Biggest Population • Stable Infrastructure • Chinese Influence in Africa • Natural Resources • Strong government • Academic and Scientific misconduct in China • Innovation • Corruption • Enforcement of Intellectual property rights • Wind and Solar energy • Consumption boom in China • Improving Economic freedom. • Huge opportunity in R&D • Aging Population • Real estate meltdown • Economic disparity between cities and countryside's. • Neighboring countries. Negative Internal factors External factors Positive
  28. 28.  Political  Economic  Socio-cultural  Technological
  29. 29.  Constant 10%+ growth in GDP over ten years  Second biggest economy in the world  Foreign currency reserves of over $3 trillion

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