cause & effect paragraph

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15.09.2010

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cause & effect paragraph

  1. 1. UNIT-8: CAUSE & EFFECT PARAGRAPH
  2. 2. Cause… wh y something happen s .
  3. 3. Effect… what happens .
  4. 8. Find the cause in the sentence below. My sister was scared of the mouse , so she screamed for help .
  5. 15. The little girl sat on her mother’s lap because she was sleepy, What is the cause?
  6. 16. The boy was hungry, so he ate a hamburger . CAUSE? EFFECT?
  7. 17. The baby laughed because she liked her toy. EFFECT? CAUSE?
  8. 18. He broke a class rule, so he had to write sentences on the board. CAUSE EFFECT WHICH PART OF THE SENTENCE IS BOXED?
  9. 19. The boy knew the answer so he raised his hand. Cause Effect
  10. 20. When the child was bored, he tapped his fingers. Cause Effect
  11. 21. They wanted a drink because the sun was hot. Cause Effect
  12. 22. Find the cause. The kid fell… because of the water.
  13. 23. Find the effect. She hurt her knee when she fell down.
  14. 24. Find the effect. He grabbed his head when he started to fall.
  15. 25. Find the cause. He screamed when he flew up in the air.
  16. 26. Find the effect. He was late for school so he ran.
  17. 27. Find the cause. The girl cried when she fell down.
  18. 28. Find the effect. It was harder to ski when the little guy hitchhiked.
  19. 30. LET’S GO ON WITH THE ORGANIZATION OF CAUSE & EFFECT PARAGRAPH
  20. 31. Showing Causes and Effects <ul><li>The cause is the reason an event happens. </li></ul><ul><li>The effect is the result of the cause. </li></ul><ul><li>You can write about the causes of an event or action. </li></ul><ul><li>You can write about the effects of a cause. </li></ul>OR
  21. 32. ORGANİZATİON 1: WRİTİNG ABOUT CAUSES <ul><li>Topic sentence: statement of the effect and overview of the causes </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting Sentences : causes, arranged in chronological or logical order </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cause 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cause 2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cause 3 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conclusion: restatement of effect, summary of causes – call for action </li></ul>
  22. 33. ORGANİZATİON 2: WRİTİNG ABOUT EFFECTS <ul><li>Topic sentence: statement of cause and overview of the effects </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting Sentences : effects, arranged in chronological or logical order </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Effect 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Effect 2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Effect 3 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conclusion: restatement of cause, summary of effects – call for action </li></ul>
  23. 34. <ul><li>Now let’s r ead the paragraph. </li></ul><ul><li>How is the information organized – by cause or by effect? </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare a table or flow chart on the board to show the cause-effect relationship. </li></ul>
  24. 35. <ul><ul><li>The high levels of divorce have had many effects on children, women and even the men. The biggest effect is on children. Children of divorced parents often have social or emotional problems. For instance, they may face difficulties due to the lack of support or care at home . They may even have problems with their friends at school . Secondly, w omen are also affected. As a result of divorce, women may feel insecure and helpless. Thus, t hey suffer from depression. Thirdly, men, of course, are also affected. As a consequence of divorce, they may lose social interaction with their friends. They may also suffer from financial problems as a result of the divorce. In addition, they may have problems dealing with their children. In conclusion, divorce is a serious issue with major effects for children, men, women, men and thus society. </li></ul></ul>
  25. 36. <ul><ul><li>The high levels of divorce have had many effects on children, women and even the men. The biggest effect is on children. Children of divorced parents often have social or emotional problems. For instance, they may face difficulties due to the lack of support or care at home . They may even have problems with their friends at school . Secondly, w omen are also affected. As a result of divorce, women may feel insecure and helpless. Thus, t hey suffer from depression. Thirdly, men, of course, are also affected . As a consequence of divorce, they may lose social interaction with their friends. They may also suffer from financial problems as a result of the divorce. In addition, they may have problems dealing with their children. In conclusion, divorce is a serious issue with major effects for children, men, women, men and thus society. </li></ul></ul>
  26. 37. WHAT ABOUT THIS?
  27. 38. <ul><ul><li>Divorce is a complex issue with more than one cause. Lack of communication is one of the leading causes of divorce. You can’t have an effective relationship if either one of you won’t discuss your feelings, can’t talk about your mutual or personal issues . What is more, financial problems are a possible cause of disagreement between couples. Married couples could argue about their financial responsibilit ies or unequal financial status . Thus, this leads to the end of the marriage. A third cause is bad habits such as alcohol addiction or gambling. Due to the fact that d rug and alcohol abuse as well as excessive gambling is harmful to the marriage , couples decide to end their marriage. To sum up, lack of communication, financial problems and bad habits are major causes of the divorce. </li></ul></ul>
  28. 39. <ul><ul><li>Divorce is a complex issue with more than one cause. Lack of communication is one of the leading causes of divorce. You can’t have an effective relationship if either one of you won’t discuss your feelings, can’t talk about your mutual or personal issues . What is more, financial problems are a possible cause of disagreement between couples. Married couples could argue about their financial responsibilit ies or unequal financial status . Thus, this leads to the end of the marriage. A third cause is bad habits such as alcohol addiction or gambling. Due to the fact that d rug and alcohol abuse as well as excessive gambling is harmful to the marriage , couples decide to end their marriage. To sum up, lack of communication, financial problems and bad habits are major causes of the divorce . </li></ul></ul>
  29. 40. TRANSITIONS FOR CAUSE & EFFECT PARAGRAPH Cause/Reason: for the (simple) reason that,   because (of the fact),   as,   owing to (the fact),     due to (the fact that),   in that   since,   Effect/Result:   as a result (of this),   consequently,   for this reason,   thus,   because (of this),   in consequence,   as a consequence,     so,   therefore,
  30. 41.   because       therefore        consequently        so       since        as a result    due to 1- Gülsen got home late.   She missed her TV program. 2- Seçil missed the bus.   Sh e woke up late. 3- My brother does not sleep very well.   The neighborhood is noisy. 4- I can’t speak English very well. I didn’t enjoy my trip to England. 5- Air fares are going down. More and more people are able to afford air travel. 6- The dog ate the ball. They couldn’t play ball. Combine the pair of sentences below into ONE sentence, using appropriate cause or effect transitions from the list at the bottom. There is one extra. Pay attention to punctuation rules.

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