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Visa pour l'Image 2013


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Visa pour l'Image 2013: A glimpse of some exhibiting photographers and their work

Published in: Art & Photos, News & Politics
  • ¿que es lo que hay que hacer para parar todo esto? :-(
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Interesado sobremanera por el tema tan actual,omití a Guimera,
    autora de una espléndida serie de tomas fotográficas y ,como
    siempre,sus conceptos personales.
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Images of war and violence,so hard to believe that humans have not learned to live in peace.

    Still an excellent presentation,thank you Olga..Un abrazo grande.
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Si el hombre fuera perfecto en todos sus actos,sería semejante a
    DIOS.Tiene cuando nace,todos los atributos para desarrollar sus
    virtudes,en especial amor,espiritualidad,solidaridad,dignidad.A pesar
    del pesimismo a que nos lleva la realidad,hay hombres así,que son
    aquellos que hacen que,a pesar de todo ,la humanidad avance.Los
    dolores son muchos pero no triunfan frente a las virtudes,y recorde-
    mos a Ibsen cuando afirmó que El HOMBRE SOLO ES EL MÁS
    PODEROSO,y porqué es poderoso?Porque los atributos divinos
    superan ampliamente a los humanos,y basta hacernos de ellos
    para ser dignos no solo de habitar un puntito en el Universo como
    es la Tierra,sino su totalidad.No nos indignemos,es muy fácil.Use-
    mos lo que tenemos dentro y yo,al menos,creo que las cosas
    cambiarán para bien.
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • @文堯 王 , ...yes, Eddie very hard photos.
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

Visa pour l'Image 2013

  1. 1. Rafael Fabrés
  2. 2. Visa pour l'Image, proof that photojournalism isn't dead. A glimpse of some exhibiting photographers and their work. Muhammed Muheisen / The Associated Press Abir Abdullah / European Pressphoto Agency Darcy Padilla / Agence Vu Goran Tomasevic / Reuters Rafael Sanchez Fabrés Sara Lewkowicz / Reportage by Getty Images Sebastiano Tomada / Sipa Press Michael Nichols / National Geographic Phil Moore / Agence France Presse
  3. 3. An anti-government protestor reacts as he and other demonstrators shout slogans during a demonstration demanding the resignation of Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh, in Sanaa, Yemen on March 1, 2011. (Photo by Muhammed Muheisen/AP)
  4. 4. The news is right in front of you, but if you just turn around, you will witness a totally different scene… (Muhammed Muheisen) For more than a decade of moving around to capture events taking place in countries shattered by wars, or hit by natural disasters such as earthquakes and floods, surprising scenes full of life always made their way in front of my camera, adding new colors to the predictable story, as well as a reminder that in the heart of the those conflicted regions life is the most sacred thing, everyday is a new day and yesterday is left behind with all it’s advantages and disadvantages. Myself being born and raised in a region well known by the conflict, survival is the first lesson to be learned as you start making differences between black and white, adapting with tragedies, moving on and looking forward, believing that next to death there is a life, and next to a tear there is a smile. Covering Pakistan for the last three years, a country that has been rocked by hundreds of attacks on civilians, from roadside bombs to suicide bombings and target killings, attacks take place on an almost daily basis, as a result of terrorism, sectarian conflict, and a mix of political, religious and criminal violence, I witnessed that right next to those events happening there is a breathe holding tight into life. Having the patience and the love of documenting the daily life of people living in war zones, open your eyes and allow you to see things differently and deeply, as another side of life beyond the news, those scenes that we pass by everyday, a quiet scene or a dynamic scene bring joy, sadness and issues to be aware of such as refugees status, poverty, illiteracy, power shortage and lack of access to water…etc., but also it points out that even in the middle of the conflict life doesn't stop, it keeps going on. Here are slices of life captured in the midst of conflict, apparently shattered but still running towards the future.
  5. 5. Pakistani boys gather by a vendor selling tropical fish on his bicycle on the outskirts of Islamabad, Pakistan, Wednesday, Jan. 26, 2011. (Photo by Muhammed Muheisen/AP)
  6. 6. A Syrian man feeds his daughter while sitting in front of his partly damaged house, in Azaz, on the outskirts of Aleppo, Syria, Tuesday, Aug. 28, 2012. (Photo by Muhammed Muheisen/AP)
  7. 7. A Pakistani child, Shahryar Ameer, 2, the son of a fruit vendor, sleeps on his father's cart, on a roadside on the outskirts of Islamabad, Pakistan, early Monday, July 2, 2012. (Photo by Muhammed Muheisen/AP)
  8. 8. Syrian boys, whose family fled their home in Idlib, walk to their tent, at a camp for displaced Syrians, in the village of Atmeh, Syria, Monday, Dec. 10, 2012. (Photo by Muhammed Muheisen/AP)
  9. 9. A view of the premises following a devastating fire at the Tazreen Fashions Limited garments factory, where the death toll rose to 121 and hundreds were injured, at Nischintapur, Savar outskirts of Dhaka, Bangladesh, 25 November 2012. Reports state on 17 December 2012 that an official inquiry into a factory fire in Bangladesh into the blaze was an act of sabotage. (Photo by Abir Abdullah/EPA)
  10. 10. Both man-made arson and accidental fires are an omnipresent threat bringing death and injury to the working class communities of Dhaka in the basti (slum), garment factories and the shopping malls. Corrupt officials who ignore building codes, and greedy businessmen who bypass fire protection have both made home and work spaces are death traps. Because the city has grown too quickly, lack of fire safety precaution is everywhere. The impact, however, is most visible in the garment industry of Bangladesh, which is also the country's most successful business sector, earning $19 billion from exports last year alone. Factory fires have killed 600 garment workers since 2005. Global headlines came with the horrific fire at Tazreen Fashion factory in November 2012. At least 112 people were confirmed dead in the fire (and activists claim more bodies were "disappeared" by authorities), making it the deadliest factory fire in the nation's history. 53 workers bodies could not be identified due to severe burns and were buried in mass grave. Tazreen's clients, either directly or through subcontractors, included global giants Walmart, Sears, Disney, and Enyce. As a result, this fire became the symbol for the high cost paid by third world workers for western consumer's fashion desires. The issue has been brought all the way to US President Barack Obama, via a letter signed by US Senators. In one haunting instance, a son called his mother, knowing he would not survive. "Ma (mother), I have no way to save my life,” Palash Mian told her on the phone, calling from inside the factory. "I cannot find any way to get out. I am in the bathroom of the fifth floor. I am wearing a black T-shirt. And I have a shirt wrapped around my waist. You will find me in the bathroom.” Dead bodies were lined up with white bags in a school ground near the factory. Palash’s mother, Ms. Begum unzipped a bag and found a corpse wearing a black T-shirt. I have been photographing fire risks in Dhaka for the last couple of years, including terrible fires at slums, garment factories, homes, shopping malls etc. But even with all that experience, I paused while photographing a charred face. I didn't know her name or didn't have time to wait for the relatives to identity her so that I could get her name. She could have been a mother, a wife or a daughter – to me a human being, and sadly now a corpse. Army soldiers had cordoned off her body along with others. It was difficult for me to take that photograph of a small ornament visible on her destroyed nose. I felt grief and anger and guilt for taking such a gruesome portrait. But I also know that news agencies will clamour for this photograph. The world only gives such people importance and headlines when they are dead, ignoring them when they are alive. The price of your cheap, fashionable clothes is those deaths. I want to dedicate my work to saving this industry, bringing an end to the exploitation of 3 million workers (60% of whom are women) who toil away in the shadows of this industry. Let us not wait for another tragedy, before we take action
  11. 11. Bangladeshi civilians help firefighters to extinguish a fire at a shopping mall at New Market area, in Dhaka, Bangladesh, 20 February 2009. More than 25 people were injured including fire fighters and garment workers. (Photo by Abir Abdullah/EPA)
  12. 12. Aysa Begum cries in front of her burnt shanty after a fire raced through a slum at Symoli in Dhaka, Bangladesh, 16 May 2012. At least 150 shanties were completely destroyed. (Photo by Abir Abdullah/EPA)
  13. 13. A fireman attempts to extinguish a fire at Kung Keng textile factory, in Export Processing Zone, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 26 August 2005. Unsafe working conditions have led to repeated accidents. (Photo by Abir Abdullah/EPA)
  14. 14. Fire fighters carry an injured person during the rescue operation. Four persons died and got injured according to a fire service report at Kawran Bazaar, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 25 February 2007. (Photo by Abir Abdullah/EPA)
  15. 15. I first met Julie Baird on February 28, 1993. Julie stood in the lobby of the Ambassador Hotel with an 8 day-old baby in her arms. Julie and her then partner Jack were HIV positive. Julie said, "Rachael has given us a reason to live." San Francisco 1993 (Photo by Darcy Padilla/Agence VU)
  16. 16. No one could forget “The Julie Project,” Darcy Padilla’s work over 18 years, telling the story of Julie, her ordeals and disease, through to her death in September 2010. The long-term project could have come to an end when Julie passed away, but is now continuing with the story of Jason, her last partner, and their youngest child, Elyssa. After Julie’s death, Jason tried to get by and look after their daughter, but fell into despair. He has now been reunited with his adoptive family, and his struggles continue, as Darcy Padilla reports here.
  17. 17. The doctor holds Elyssa for Julie to see. Anchorage 2008. (Photo by Darcy Padilla/Agence VU)
  18. 18. Julie and Jason at home with Elyssa. For the first time Julie has a home, a crib, clothes for her baby, and family support. Palmer, Alaska 2008. (Photo by Darcy Padilla/Agence VU)
  19. 19. Julie died on September 27, 2010. She was 36. Elyssa, 3, plays in the backyard by herself. Alaska 2011. (Photo by Darcy Padilla/Agence VU)
  20. 20. A Free Syrian Army fighter takes cover during clashes with Syrian Army in the Salaheddine neighbourhood of central Aleppo in this August 7, 2012 file photo. This rebel had been firing at the Syrian army when he came under attack from sniper fire, he was pulling back into a secure position when the picture was taken. I was next to him, on the ground, and shooting with a 20mm lens. The yellow dot on his head is a reflection from the camera lens. (Photo by Goran Tomasevic/Reuters)
  21. 21. In Syria, the veteran war photographer, Goran Tomasevic, has been following the continually moving frontline, observing both sides, close to the action, seeing fighters launch attacks, manage logistics, treat their wounded, bury their dead, and die in front of him, recording evidence of a conflict which, according to estimates, has left between 94 000 and 120 000 dead.
  22. 22. A Free Syrian Army fighter fires his sniper rifle from a house in Aleppo August 14, 2012. (Photo by Goran Tomasevic/Reuters)
  23. 23. Free Syrian Army fighters take a break from clashes in a coffee shop in Aleppo August 12, 2012.(Photo by Goran Tomasevic/Reuters)
  24. 24. A Free Syrian Army fighter, who was wounded by a hand grenade, lies on the ground during heavy fighting outside a Syrian Army base in the Arabeen neighbourhood of Damascus February 3, 2013. The hand grenade was thrown by Syrian Army soldiers and wounded four Free Syrian Army fighters. (Photo by Goran Tomasevic/Reuters)
  25. 25. A man walks in front of a burning building after a Syrian Air force air strike in Ain Tarma neighbourhood of Damascus in this January 27, 2013 file photo. In a month on the frontline Goran Tomasevic documented rebel fighters as they defended a swathe of suburbs, mounted complex mass attacks, managed logistics, treated their wounded - and died. But as constant, mortar, tank and sniper fire attested, President Bashar al-Assad's soldiers, often just a room or a grenade toss away, were equally well drilled - and much better armed. Picture taken January 27, 2013. (Photo by Goran Tomasevic/Reuters)
  26. 26. A youth jumps down a stairway with the word "peace" written on the wall, in the Shantytown of Rocinha, the biggest slum of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, February 22, 2012. (Photo by Rafael Sanchez Fabrés)
  27. 27. While preparing for the 2014 World Cup and 2016 Summer Olympics, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil has been implementing an innovative safety program called UPP, Police Pacification Unit. UPP's are permanent police posts installed in the Favelas, the sprawling shantytowns that house hundreds of thousands of the city residents. Their mission is to maintain control of Favela territory once the local drug trade has been expelled. While many believe that UPP's have helped quell violence by opening the doors of the Favelas to public services such as legal electricity supply, garbage collection, education, public works and social assistance program, others see the Pacification Program as a temporary cover-up to security problems in Rio de Janeiro. When the Olympics end up in 2016, they say, everything will be what it was. - The ultimate goal of this work is to conduct an objective portrait of how the protagonists of this story (Military Police, inhabitants of the Favleas, drug dealers and ordinary citizens) deal with the effects of this Pacification.
  28. 28. Several teenagers play soccer in Rocinha, the biggest shantytown of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, November 26, 2012. (Photo by Rafael Sanchez Fabrés)
  29. 29. UPP soldier Annunciacçâo searches two teeneagers suspected of posessing drugs, in the shantytown of Sao Carlos, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, March 17, 2012. (Photo by Rafael Sanchez Fabrés)
  30. 30. A horse runs away from a Riot Police officer, while he patrols during the Occupation of one shantytown who belongs to the group of slums called Complexo de Alemao, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, April 26, 2012.(Photo by Rafael Sanchez Fabrés)
  31. 31. UPP Soldiers Queiroz, Neris, Ferreira and L.Guedes from the 2nd UPP of the 4th Military Police Battalion inspect the overview of the favela of Sao Carlos from a waste ground know as Larguinho, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, February 28, 2012. (Photo by Rafael Sanchez Fabrés)
  32. 32. Maggie and Shane took a rare night out alone together, singing karaoke at a local bar. (Photo by Sara Lewkowicz/ Reportage by Getty Images)
  33. 33. Shane and Maggie met through Shane's sister over a year ago, when Maggie was living next door to her. They began dating after Shane was released from his most recent stint in prison. Shane began exhibiting controlling behavior early in the relationship, but Maggie said she felt she could help Shane overcome his personal demons and addictions. One night in November, their relationship exploded into violence, in an incident that left Maggie with marks on her neck and Shane in jail.I am reconstructing their relationship from its beginnings, through the episode of abuse that led to Shane’s arrest, and continuing through to Maggie’s current life in Alaska, where she is trying to reconcile with the father of her children. I want to explore domestic violence as a process that involves the grooming of and breaking down of the victim over time, as opposed to merely an isolated incident. It is my intention to use this story to examine the larger patterns of behavior that allow abuse to occur.
  34. 34. After a night out at a local bar in Lancaster, Maggie left after becoming jealous of another woman flirting with Shane. Upon arriving home, Shane flew into a rage, angry that Maggie had "abandoned him" at the bar, and he screamed that Maggie had betrayed him, at one point accusing his friend of trying to pursue her sexually. As Shane and Maggie continued to fight, Memphis ran into the room and refused to leave Maggie's side. Shane continued to scream in Maggie's face as Memphis wedged herself between them. At some point, the toddler had stopped crying and began trying to soothe her weeping mother. (Photo by Sara Lewkowicz/ Reportage by Getty Images)
  35. 35. The couple had argued the previous evening, and in an apparent attempt to make amends, Zane had offered to paint Maggie's toenails. Despite having a negligable amount of experience painting nails, Zane made a good faith effort to do a presentable job. They didn't exchange many words, and they didn't discuss the argument or offer apologies or excuses. They simply sat as a movie played in the background and seemed to revel in the quietness and intimacy of the small moment of peace they were sharing. (Photo by Sara Lewkowicz/ Reportage by Getty Images)
  36. 36. Maggie sat in front of her best friend Amy's house and smoked the morning after the assault, while Kayden and Amy's daughter Olivia, three, played in the window. Maggie faces a new set of challenges in the coming months. She's decided to move to Alaska to be closer with her estranged husband and father of her children. Shane is facing five to 17 years in prison for domestic battery and violating his probation. (Photo by Sara Lewkowicz/ Reportage by Getty Images)
  37. 37. The decision to move to Alaska was made quickly after the incident, and Maggie and the children moved into an apartment with Zane inside of a month. The couple had limited funds, and the children slept on a futon together for their first several months. (Photo by Sara Lewkowicz/ Reportage by Getty Images)
  38. 38. In Aleppo, a wounded child holds the hand of his father after being treated by the small staff of a medical facility. Aleppo, Syria. September 30, 2012. (Photo by Sebastiano Tomada/Sipa Press)
  39. 39. Battle had been raging since July of 2012 between government forces and insurgents of the Free Syrian Army (FSA) for control of the northern Syrian city of Aleppo. Medical centers treating casualties in rebel-held districts became a target of the military, forcing doctors to work from an undercover network of clinics and hospitals, one of them being the Dar al-Shifa hospital. Once a private clinic owned by a businessman loyal to President Bashar Assad, Dar al-Shifa became a field hospital run by volunteer doctors, nurses and aides united by their opposition to the regime and the need to give medical care to both civilians and rebels. After covering the Syrian revolution in Idlib and along the border between Syria and Lebanon, Sebastiano Tomada shifted his attention inside of Aleppo where he began covering the major advances and losses of the Free Syrian Army. With a focus on daily life and the medical conditions of a city under siege, Sebastiano brings us the cruel reality of the men, women and children who continue to live in the besieged city of Aleppo. From the make-shift front lines to the lives of those who have lost their homes, this report poignantly documents the situations of the wounded, the difficulty of accessing health care and the precariousness of relief provision structures exposed to a war that has no end in sight. (Sebastiano Tomada/Sipa Press)
  40. 40. During a kinetic firefight with forces loyal to Bashar Al Assad's regime, a wounded member of Free Syrian Army is carried away from one of Aleppo's front lines. (Photo by Sebastiano Tomada/Sipa Press)
  41. 41. In Aleppo, the body of a severely wounded civilian is carried outside of Dar Al Chifa's hospital with the intention of being transported to Turkey were he can receive the proper medical treatment necessary to save his life. (Photo by Sebastiano Tomada/Sipa Press)
  42. 42. The body of a wounded civilian is escorted to a hospital in the city of Aleppo. Aleppo, Syria. October 4, 2012. (Photo by Sebastiano Tomada/Sipa Press)
  43. 43. An abandoned ambulance sits in the neighborhood of Moshed, one of Aleppo's liberated areas and a stronghold of the Free Syrian Army. Aleppo, Syria. March 26, 2013. (Photo by Sebastiano Tomada/Sipa Press)
  44. 44. Vumbi "dust" Pride of the Serengeti Plains, one of Craig Packers research study groups. 14 cubs were born in April 2011 to 5 lionesses and now 8 cubs remain. Afternoon back with CBoy (black-maned male) who sits guarding a zebra kill while the Vumbi pride sleeps some distance ahead. Much of the zebra remains, CBoy has eaten only a little of the carcass. By night he begins eating again growling at the cubs as they try to join him eating, but he will not let the pride eat. As darkness fell jackals and hyenas moved in closer and finally CBoy grabbed the carcass and ran away toward the kopjes with Vumbi and the hyenas following behind. - NGM August 2013 caption: "A male often asserts his prerogatives. C-Boy feasts on a zebra while the Vumbi females and cubs wait nearby, warned off by his low growls. Their turn will come." (Photo by Michael Nichols/National Geographic)
  45. 45. “Tigers are solitary. Cougars are solitary. No leopard wants to associate with a bunch of other leopards. The lion is the only feline that’s truly social, living in prides and coalitions, the size and dynamics of which are determined by an intricate balance of evolutionary costs and benefits.” - David Quammen, The Short Happy Life of a Serengeti Lion, National Geographic magazine, August 2013. - The lion (Panthera leo) is synonymous with wild Africa. Few people realize that illegal killing, relentless habitat loss, and habitat fragmentation has this species in a crisis that must be addressed by the world, not just Africa. Nearly a century ago, there were as many as two hundred thousand lions in Africa. Today, the most recent surveys estimate that there are fewer than thirty thousand wild lions. The August 2013 issue of National Geographic (NGM) is devoted to clarifying the state of the lion with two essays by David Quammen, one with photographs by me in the Serengeti, the essential stereotypical stronghold for lions, and the other with images by Brent Stirton on the survival issues facing the only cooperative cat. We worked in a corner of Serengeti with no tourism, hidden from view, concentrating on the four prides of females that ruled our area. One female in each pride carried a radio collar placed on her by the Serengeti Lion Project, a 35- year study that tracks twenty-five different prides. This allowed us to almost always find the lions. We fell in love with the Vumbi pride (which translates to ‘dust’ in Swahili) a plains pride of five very close lionesses. They had nine small cubs the first day we saw them. We followed them intensively for twelve months over the course of two years. Our story in NGM focuses on the male coalition of two that sired the Vumbi cubs and the invasion they faced from the Killers, a coalition of 4 powerful male lions, two sets of brothers born in the same pride. We could hear and feel the Killers invasion but it was only in our last days that we realized they were taking over and killing females and cubs of two of the woodland prides we monitored. The Vumbi pride did not own valuable, fruitful real estate so they remained safe. My goal with the photographs was to provide a new, intimate, ground level view that also showed the lions in their time at night. This was done with a robot carrying two cameras, one for stills and one for video. We created infrared light invisible to both us and the lions so as not to disturb the cats’ delicate night vision and hunting. This was a team effort. Reba Peck was the driver, spotter, and naturalist. Nathan Williamson did video, sound, and operated the robot tank and mikrokopter. Tanzania National Parks (TANAPA) graciously allowed us to work and camp in a remote area of the park. Dr. Craig Packer, founder and director of the Serengeti Lion Project, gave me and NGM natural history editor Kathy Moran advice and guidance over the five years the project was in planning. Once per week, Daniel Rosengren of the Serengeti Lion Project would visit and bring us up to date on all the prides in our area. Rob Carr-Hartley, a great friend from the David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust based in Kenya, took great care in finding and building our “special lion car,” a converted Land Rover pickup.Finally, this obsession was supported by the National Geographic Society with a gift from Jeffrey and
  46. 46. Vumbi "dust" pride 5 adult females and 9 cubs born in April 2011. Plains pride of the Serengeti Lion research project. Social licking before full moon night , low success in hunting. - NGM August 2013 caption: "Older cubs like these Vumbi youngsters are raised together as a creche, or nursery group. Pride females, united in the cause of rearing a generation, nurse and groom their own and others' offspring." (Photo by Michael Nichols/National Geographic)
  47. 47. Vumbi "dust" Pride of the Serengeti Plains, one of Craig Packers research study groups. 14 cubs were born in April 2011 to 5 lionesses and now 8 cubs remain. The rains are building but the migration has not yet arrived in the short grass plains. The pride has remained near a hilltop waterhole, Semetu hill. CBoy and Hildur have rejoined the group but Hildur has suffered injuries to his face especially his eye and keeps his distance from Vumbi. The collared female approaches Hildur then calls the rest of the pride up on the kopje, an altercation takes place, the females chase Hildur from the kopje into the plains. They return to the kopje still watching his position. - NGM August 2013 caption: "The Vumbis rest on a kopje, or rocky outcrop, near a favorite water hole. Lions use kopjes as havens and outlooks on the plains. When the rains bring green grass, wildebeests arrive in vast herds." (Photo by Michael Nichols/National Geographic)
  48. 48. Serengeti National Park. CBoy, blackmaned male and Hildur traveling with the Vumbi Pride, a plains pride and part of C.Packers Serengeti Lion Research Project. CBoy and Hildur were once resident males of a better territory but were pushed out by a coalition of 4 males. They now preside over Vumbi, Simba East and Kibumbu but lost Kibumbu last year to a coalition of 3 young males. After reaching the transitional boundary of Simba East, Hildur ran 5 miles in the direction of Simba East. Resting while continuing to walk after short sprints he only looked back once in the direction where he left CBoy and Vumbi and was still running toward Simba East when we left him at dusk. - NGM August 2013 caption: "Hildur, C-Boy's partner, frequently makes a long run to visit the Simba East pride. A coalition that controls two prides must maintain vigilance over both." (Photo by Michael Nichols/National Geographic)
  49. 49. Vumbi "dust" Pride of the Serengeti Plains, one of Craig Packers research study groups. 14 cubs were born in April 2011 to 5 lionesses and now 8 cubs remain. Vumbi in the plains within sight of camp/Barafu valley. Afternoon back with CBoy (black-maned male) who sits some distance from the pride, he has remained with the pride for several days. - NGM August 2013 caption: "Death is always near, and teamwork is essential on the Serengeti-even for a magnificent, dark-maned male known as C-Boy." (Photo by Michael Nichols/National Geographic)
  50. 50. An army truck leaving a firing position during operations against advancing rebels near the Ugandan border. Jomba, May 17, 2012 (Photo by Phil Moore/AFP)
  51. 51. In the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo in April 2012, a rebel group that had been incorporated into the national army returned to insurrection. They dubbed themselves M23 after the March 23 peace accords of 2009 which saw the original group, the CNDP (National Congress for the Defense of the People), become a political party with their fighters integrated into the national armed forces. Citing poor pay and living conditions, plus other grievances, these troops defected, then, over the summer of 2012, fought against government troops, capturing swaths of the already restive North Kivu province. Eastern Congo is rife with armed groups and therefore insecurity. Around two million people have been displaced as a result of conflict. As the army fought with rebels in the hills of Rutshuru territory in May, an elderly couple in their eighties, Veronica Nyiramitana and her husband Josephu Jibesho, were the only inhabitants left in the small village of Gisiza. "Everyone ran away," said Mr. Jibesho, talking of the day when the army began fighting M23 rebels in the area. Gunfire rang out as the frail couple sat outside their small straw hut; the rebels occupied a hill overlooking the village of Gisiza. Nobody knows how many people have died as a result of eastern Congo's 14 years of conflict. According to estimates by the International Rescue Committee, there have been 5.4 million “war-related deaths” since 1998, although other studies suggest that it may only be half this number. Even by the lower estimate, this means that 2.7 million people have lost their lives in Congo's cycle of violence. The United Nations mission in the DR Congo (MONUSCO) is the world's largest peacekeeping operation with nearly 20 000 military personnel, and a mandate to protect civilians. Yet, despite repeated promises from UN commanders to halt the advance of M23, the expansion of rebel-controlled territory continued. In their wake, allegations of rape, looting, forced recruitment and the use of child soldiers have been documented by the UN and human-rights groups. This has now become synonymous with the presence of armed groups in the region, meaning that entire communities live in a perpetual state of fear. In mid-November, the rebels advanced perilously close to Goma, causing displaced persons to flee yet again. On November 19, army forces were fighting rebels on the outskirts of the city, and by November 20 Goma had fallen. This was the first time in nearly a decade that the government had lost control of this important trade and economic hub. The rebels occupied the city for twelve days, then M23 bowed to international pressure and withdrew. The year ended with peace talks in neighboring Uganda, which have all but failed. A resumption of hostilities never seems far away During the occupation of Goma, M23 looted massive quantities of arms, ammunition and vehicles. They are now stronger, their numbers have been bolstered, and they have proven not only their military superiority over the national forces, but also that they have little to fear from the UN. Meanwhile, thousands of civilians continue to live in camps, their future uncertain. (Phil Moore)
  52. 52. Displaced persons sheltering in a church. Tens of thousands fled their homes as fresh fighting broke out. Mugunga, 8 km east of Goma, November 23, 2012 (Photo by Phil Moore/AFP)
  53. 53. People gather around fish being smoked. Thousands fled to the village of Mugunga which has now become a major settlement for displaced persons. Mugunga, November 23, 2012 (Photo by Phil Moore/AFP)
  54. 54. M23 rebels withdraw, carrying their belongings and boxes of ammunition down steep slopes. Karuba, November 30, 2012 (Photo by Phil Moore/AFP)
  55. 55. Attending an ecumenical service for peace outside the church. "We will pray until this thing is over," said one member of the congregation. Goma, August 1, 2012 (Photo by Phil Moore/AFP)
  56. 56. end cast Visa pour l'Image 2013 (A glimpse of some exhibiting photographers and their work) images credit www. Music Theme from Schindler's List John Towner Williams created o.e. thanks for watching