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Saint Michael the Archangel in Western paintings

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Saint Michael the Archangel in Western paintings

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Saint Michael the Archangel in Western paintings

  1. 1. an angelic warrior, fully armed with helmet, sword, and shield standing over a serpent, a dragon, Satan holding a pair of scales in which he weighs the souls
  2. 2. Saint Michael the Archangel in Western paintings
  3. 3. the Archangel Michael triumphant after his cosmic battle with the devil … dressed in armor, with large elaborate wings, a pair of scales, hanging on the tree stump, a symbol of Michael’s role in the judgement of souls after death and the devil: his long, curved horn is hooked over Michael’s foot, his black wing against his shield Pietro Perugino, Le Pérugin The Archangel Michael L’archange saint Michel 1496-1500 National Gallery, London
  4. 4. the Archangel Saint Michael, aided by another angel, weights the souls … the Saint holds the scale with his left hand and, with the spear that he wields in his right, he threatens the Devil that tries to cheat by tilting the spare to his favor Juan de la Abadia Saint Michael Weighing Souls Saint Michel pesant les âmes 1490 Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya, Barcelona
  5. 5. four cherubs playing trumpets call the dead to their final destination ... the Archangel Michael, resplendent in his white robe scarlet cloak, impassively weighs the resurrected; (...unusually for Christian art, the damned outweigh the blessed) the saved walk towards the gates of Heaven where they are greeted by a saint; the damned arrive at the mouth of Hell and fall en masse into damnation St Michael, prince of the heavenly hosts is pictured as young, because he is immortal and as handsome, because he is the embodiment of divine justice ... and looks directly at the observer, giving the illusion of judging not only the souls in the painting but also the viewer Rogier van der Weyden Le Jugement dernier The Last Judgment Polyptych 1446-52 Musée de l'Hôtel-Dieu, Beaune
  6. 6. Michael holds the scale and with the spear tries to put the devil out of combat. The demon is depicted with a bull's head and open jaws. One of the arms as well as the inferior extremities, reminiscent of eagles' claws. The right arm of the scales is inclined and descends, because of the force exerted by the hand of the devil that tries to take possession of the souls to take them to hell. Juan de Sevilla, El Hispalense Saint Michael Archangel Saint Michel Archange 1480 Museo de Bellas Artes de Sevilla, Sevilla
  7. 7. St Michael holding the scales in his right hand, he uses the crosier in his left to prick the flesh of the damned soul, as if to prod him towards the mouth of hell … (the sinner in Michael's right-hand scale pan is a donor portrait of Tommaso Portinari) Hans Memling Last Judgment, central panel Le Jugement dernier, panneau central 1467-1471 Muzeum Narodowe, Gdansk
  8. 8. Archangel Michael, spread and wearing a shiny gold armor, his cape, as if suspended in mid-air, forms a magnificent drape; he holds a shield upon which we can make out a red Latin cross on a white background – a symbol of the Resurrection; the right foot rests on the stomach of the seven-headed monster described in Apocalypse; the dragon's contorted movement, with his belly to the sky and seven heads thrown back, already hints at what is to come. ... Brandishing his sword above his head, Saint Michael slays the Apocalyptic dragon before hurling him and the fallen angels to the depths of hell. In the background, an infernal spiral of demonic people pours down. Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Pieter Brueghel l'Ancien The Fall of the Rebel Angels La Chute des anges rebelles 1562 Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels
  9. 9. "And there was war in heaven Michael and his angels fought against the dragon. And the dragon fought and his angels, and prevailed not; neither was their place found any more in heaven. And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.” (Apocalypse 12:7)
  10. 10. Michael has just forced the Devil to the ground and is about to kill him with a blow from his sword ... a bleak landscape, a burning city in the distance, the monsters crawling out from all sides are reminiscent of those created by Hieronymus Bosch, the figures in the centre recall those from the Inferno of Dante's epic poem the Divine Comedy, the hypocrites in leaden coats, condemned to follow their torturous path, the thieves being tormented by serpents Raphael, Raphaël Saint Michel et le Dragon, Petit saint Michel Saint Michael 1503-1505 Musée du Louvre, Paris
  11. 11. a beautiful, youthful soldier ... a precious armor, a graceful tunic, beautiful boots decorated by with tiny pearls and the severed head of the devil, represented as a snake with pointy ears Piero della Francesca Polyptych of St Augustine: St Michael Polyptyque de Saint Augustin: Archange saint Michel 1470 National Gallery, London
  12. 12. ... armed with a coat of mail, dagger, shield, and lance, the archangel Michael symbolizes the triumph over evil; the demon at his feet is the Antichrist, cast out of heaven. The youthful beauty and sumptuous raiment of Saint Michael in the rich courtly setting combine with the image of the demon to form a stark visual contrast between the strength and splendor of the Church and the monstrousness of evil defeated. Master of Belmonte, Maître de Belmonte Saint Michael Saint Michel 1450–1500 The Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Cloisters Collection, New York
  13. 13. Michael stabbing the dragon ... an apocalyptic vision, a walled and smoking city is reflected in its decorative shield Juan de Flandes Saints Michel et François d'Assise Saint Michael and Francis 1505 Metropolitan Museum of Artm, Manhattan, New York
  14. 14. trampling Satan ... the Archangel Michael dressed in a late Roman military cloak and cuirass two figures that have come to the end of a terrible and violent struggle in which one has finally been subdued a battle between good and evil and darkness and light, the fallen one, Satan, has been subjugated and defeated by the Archangel Michael the background is as tumultuous as the battle between the two figures, with swirling clouds and flames licking at their heels Guido Reni Archangel Michael tramples Satan Archange Michel terrassant le Satan 1630-1635 Santa Maria della Concezione, Rome
  15. 15. The head of the devil, flattened under the heel of the leader of the celestial army, looks strangely like Innocent X. Clan Pamphilj ... (the pope was known to hate and criticize the work of Guido Reni)
  16. 16. the contrast between the devil's ugliness and the angel's delicate and elegant features ... the Prince of Angels grabs Lucifer’s head with his left hand, the monster waits for the fall of the sword of Saint Michael Juan de la Abadía (the Elder, l'Ancien) San Miguel Arcangel Saint Michael Archange saint Michel 1486 Museo Lázaro Galdiano, Madrid
  17. 17. St Michael as a fighting priest in clerical attire waging battle against two demons at his side kneels a nun of the Potterie convent in Bruges, in the habit of an Augustine nun Master of the Bruges Legend of St. Ursula, Maître de la Légende de sainte Ursule St Michael Fighting Demons Saint Michel combattant les démons 1480-1500 Museum Onze-Lieve-Vrouw ter Potterie, Bruges
  18. 18. an almost rococo Christian knight … Luca Giordano Saint Michael Saint Michel 1663 Staatliche Museen, Berlin
  19. 19. Michael and his two principal roles: weigher of souls on Judgment Day and destroyer of Satan Satan appears as a fantastic two-faced monster ready to capture another soul Pedro García de Benavarre Saint Michael Archangel Archange saint Michel 1470 Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, Boston
  20. 20. Michael stands on top of the devil with one leg while holding up his spear to deliver a strike to his head. His wings are depicted open while the devil's are closed signifying defeat. Raphael, Raphaël Saint Michel terrassant le démon dit Grand saint Michel St. Michael Vanquishing Satan 1518 Musée du Louvre, Paris
  21. 21. an angelic warrior who personifies the splendor of heaven itself: gilded plates encrusted with gemstones, the breastplate, belt and sword sheath covered with green silk velvet, a pearl diadem sits on his forehead, the golden breastplate reflects the Gothic spires of Heavenly Jerusalem, the celestial city described in the Book of Revelation. an winged demon, a hideous echo of the warrior-angel, reminding the viewer that devils were once angels: red eyes, horns and gaping mouth, armoured and reptilian body, contorted limbs, and whole torso is another face, with eyes for nipples and snakes slithering from a mouth in its belly, clawed tail curls around the saint’s armoured leg the donor Antoni Joan, lord of Tous: heavy gold chain and sword nestled in the crook of his arm identifying him as a knight Bartolomé Bermejo Saint Michael Triumphs over the Devil Saint Michel triomphant du diable avec le donateur Antoni Joan 1468 National Gallery, London
  22. 22. olga_oes Saint Michael the Archangel in Western paintings Saint Michel Archange dans la peinture occidentale images and text credit www. Music The Piano Guys, Before You Go - Lewis Capaldi (Piano & Cello Cover) created olga.e. thanks for watching

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