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Landscape painting in the Renaissance (1)

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Landscape painting in the Renaissance (1)

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Landscape painting in the Renaissance (1)

  1. 1. Landscape painting in the Renaissance (1) Figures and the landscape
  2. 2. with the early Renaissance, the gold grounds of medieval images were finally replaced by landscapes, initially as a backdrop-like arrangement of individual motifs, or as a view through a window or similar …
  3. 3. Van Eyck was especially successful in a natural-seeming progression from the foreground to the distant view ...
  4. 4. behind the three figures … a small garden with lilies and roses symbolizing Mary's virtues a crenellated castle wall, witch two figures, near them are two peacocks, symbols of immortality a city with a profusion of buildings, an imposing Gothic church, a bridge and countless tiny figures in the distance, the horizon is closed off by snow-capped mountains under a pinky-yellow sky Jan van Eyck The Madonna of Chancellor Rolin La Vierge du chancelier Rolin 1435 Musée du Louvre, Paris
  5. 5. beyond the pillars, a couple stares down at a scene of a town along a river ... Weyden uses the same space as Eyck, with an opening supported by two columns through which the main scene opens out onto a landscape in the background Rogier van der Weyden Saint Luke Drawing the Virgin Saint Luc dessinant la Vierge 1435 -1440 Boston Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
  6. 6. the three panels show a chronological reading of the birth, death and resurrection of Jesus ... the right panel: in the background the resurrection on Easter morning, with three sleepy soldiers, Christ standing beside his empty tomb, a winged angel, the three Marys and an winding road from the tomb to the building in the foreground with the risen Christ appearing to the Virgin Mary Rogier van der Weyden The Altar of Our Lady, Miraflores Altar, right panel Le retable de Notre-Dame, Retable de Miraflores, panneau de droite 1442-1445 Gemäldegalerie der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin, Berlin
  7. 7. an very van Eyckian landscape ... crowds crossing a bridge, a boat on the river, a cart led along a road on the proximate riverbank, a pair of swans float serenely on the mirror-like surface of the water Jan van Eyck, and workshop, atelier The Virgin and Child with St. Barbara, St. Elizabeth, and Jan Vos La Vierge à l’Enfant avec Sainte Barbe, Jan Vos et Sainte Elisabeth 1441-1443 The Frick Collection, New York
  8. 8. a delightfully detailed landscape ... a stone bridge arches across a river, a town on the bank with a walled fortress up on the hill, a small group of figures under the trees, and another pair of swans on its water Rogier van der Weyden, Workshop, atelier de A Man Reading, Saint Ivo Un homme lisant, Saint Yves 1450 The National Gallery, London
  9. 9. the small windows at each side of the saint reveal a miniature landscape of green countryside: a castellated house, figures, a flock of sheep ​and distant rolling hills Antonello da Messina Saint Jerome in his Study aint Jérôme dans son étude 1475 The National Gallery, London
  10. 10. a distant landscape, a rustic delight ... a softly lit domestic interior with a window looking on to a mill copied from the Netherlandish painter Hans Memling (Pagagnotti triptych,Uffizi, Florence, and National Gallery, London) ... Fra Bartolomeo Madonna and Child with the Young Saint John the Baptist Vierge à l'Enfant avec le jeune saint Jean-Baptiste 1497 Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
  11. 11. a river, a multi-towered, mediaeval castle rises on a bizarrely shaped mountain ... an idealised landscape Sandro Botticelli Cestello Annunciation L'Annonciation du Cestello 1489-1490 Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
  12. 12. a landscape whith a castle, a bridge, a watermill ... an man crosses the bridge and a fashionably dressed horseman rides off on a white horse ... (behind Saint John a bystander peers round a column at the scene in the central panel, it has been suggested that it might be Memling himself) Hans Memling The Donne Triptych Triptyque Donne 1480 National Gallery, London
  13. 13. the first Italian portrait with a landscape background, and the first double portrait in Italian art ... the viewer's glance travels through the window and down a country road past some houses and villas to a distant range of mountains Filippo Lippi Portrait of a Woman with a Man at a Casement Portrait d’une femme et d’un homme 1440 Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
  14. 14. an extraordinary landscape … the spatial element is suggested by the light and the continuity of the rolling landscape in the background, representing the area of the Marches over which the Duke and Duchess ruled Piero della Francesca The double portrait of the Dukes of Urbino, or Diptych of Federico da Montefeltro and Battista Sforza Le Triomphe de la chasteté ou Double Portrait des ducs d'Urbino 1465 Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
  15. 15. an landscape with swans, a horseman and a palm tree, in the air a stork and a flock of birds Memling is the first artist north of the Alps to situate a portrait within a landscape Hans Memling Bernardo Bembo, Statesman and Ambassador of Venice, Man with a Roman coin Bernardo Bembo, Homme avec une pièce de monnaie romaine 1480 Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Antwerp
  16. 16. a Florentine craftsman ... a city with pointed towers, small trees and a lake Pietro Perugino Portrait of Francesco delle Opere Portrait de Francesco delle Opere 1494 Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
  17. 17. a window opens out onto an exquisite landscape ... green fields give way to a tree-ringed lake and beyond are snow-capped mountains, probably a reminder of Dürer's journey over the Alps three years earlier Albrecht Dürer Self-Portrait Autoportrait aux gants 1498 Museo del Prado, Madrid
  18. 18. an landscape full of erudite symbolism … the fire, an owl with prey in its talons being mobbed by a flock of birds, an eagle and a swan locked in combat, the parrot on the tree ... Lucas Cranach the Elder, Lucas Cranach l'Ancien Portraits of Johannes and Anna Cuspinian Portraits de Johannes et Anna Cuspinian 1502 Oskar Reinhart Collection, Winterthur
  19. 19. a rich fabric merchant and prominent figure among the Florentine upper class, and his wife ... the composition resembles that of the Mona Lisa: but Raphael distances himself from Leonardo's model by preferring to use a solid, clear approach to space, lowering the horizon behind the figures and bringing them strongly to the foreground the fascinating use of the sfumato technique, as seen on the Mona Lisa has been replaced by an absolutely clear use of shape and colour Raphael The portraits of Agnolo and Maddalena Doni Portraits d’Agnolo Doni et Maddalena Doni 1506 Galleria Palatina, Palazzo Pitti, Florence
  20. 20. a fascinating and typically “Leonardesque” composition ... the background landscape, whose crags are seemingly replicated in Anne's veil, virtually melts in its sfumato haze the colossal sense of depth created by the mountainous landscape gives the painting a perceptible peacefulness and greatness Leonardo da Vinci The Virgin and Child with St Anne Sainte Anne, la vierge et l'enfant Jésus 1503 Musée du Louvre, Paris
  21. 21. a landscape of water and trees ... Humanity and nature are inextricably linked. The scenery is not simply a backdrop for the sitter. The inner world of the sitter is actually reflected in the landscape. Leonardo da Vinci Ginevra de' Benci Portrait de Ginevra de Benci 1474-1478 National Gallery of Art, Washington DC
  22. 22. one of the first portraits to depict the sitter in front of an imaginary landscape ... a chaotic, imaginary, strange, fantastic landscape, a vast landscape recedes to icy mountains ... winding paths, a distant bridge give only the slightest indications of human presence Leonardo da Vinci La Joconde Mona Lisa 1503-1505 Musée du Louvre, Paris
  23. 23. olga_oes Landscape painting in the Renaissance (1) Figures and the landscape La peinture de paysage à la Renaissance (1) Personnages et le paysage images and text credit www. Music The Piano Guys Story of My Life (One Direction - PianoCello Cover) created olga.e. thanks for watching
  24. 24. the landscape will take an increasingly important place ... the Venetian Giorgione has the distinction of painting what was probably the first landscape painting of the Renaissance. The Tempest, from just after 1500, marked the start of a new and wholly secular genre Landscape painting in the Renaissance (2) The landscape and Figures

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