ANZAC Day, April 25, 2014
Australia and New Zealand marked the 99th anniversary of the
first major military action involving their forces during the First
The Disastrous Gallipoli Campaign
The Gallipoli or Dardanelles Campaign took place during the First World
War by allied forces against the Ottoman Empire between April 1915 and
January 1916. The operations consisted of a joint British and French
mission to capture the capital of Istanbul and secure a sea route through
the Dardanelles and the Black Sea to supply Russia.
On 25 April, at approximately 4:15 am on a still spring night, with the sea
mist rising, members of the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) landed at
Gallipoli together with troops from New Zealand, Britain, and France. It was
shortly after this landing that the high command realized that the men had
disembarked in the wrong position. Instead of facing the advantageous
topography south of Anzac Cove, they faced the precipitous area of the
Inhospitable terrain, miserable conditions and horrendous casualties were
characteristic of the campaign, which ended disastrously with the
withdrawal of allied troops. Overall, the Allies suffered a quarter million
casualties, with Aussies accounting for nearly 30,000 of those. For the
Turkish people, Gallipoli was a defining moment in their history; Mustafa
Kemal Ataturk, founder of the modern Turkish state, was a commander
during the campaign.
Likewise, the Gallipoli campaign resonated profoundly among Australians.
The campaign marked the first major battle undertaken by the Australian
and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) and is considered a landmark in
the development of the Australian national identity.
To this day, ANZAC Day, April 25, remains a deeply significant
commemoration, honoring the military service, suffering and sacrifice of
Historical photo of Australian and New Zealand army members landing on the beach at Anzac cove during the invasion of Gallipoli in 1915.
Australians soldiers embarking at Melbourne to fight in World War One in December 1914. Some 8,000 Australian soldiers died at Gallipoli
A trawler packed with British troops on their way to the British landing at Cape Helles, on the southern tip of the Gallipoli Peninsula.
Unidentified men from the 1st Divisional Signal Company being towed towards Anzac Cove on the morning of 25 April 1915.
Troops lowering themselves into tow boats for the landing at Anzac, 6am, 25 April 1915.
Allied troops at what would eventually become known Anzac Cove in the Gallipoli Peninsula in 1915. From this point many Anzac forces were sent into battle
along the ridges of the area. Soldiers can be seen looking up at the hillside they would never capture
Troops landing at what would eventually become known as Anzac Cove in the Dardanelles during the Gallipoli campaign in 1915
Australian and New Zealand forces landed on Turkish soil at Anzac Cove on 25 April 1915
Gallipoli, Turkey, 1915-04-25. Australian troops landing at Anzac Cove.