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1 Euro Introchapter European Identity and heritage

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Some of Europe's cultural features
Case study on Krakow

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1 Euro Introchapter European Identity and heritage

  1. 1. IS THERE A EUROPEAN ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE? Do Europeans share common features in their architecture?
  2. 2. Where is this city, this village ? In Europe ?
  3. 3. the third largest city in Finland
  4. 4. Crenellated towers
  5. 5. Are these Christian cult centers in Europe ?
  6. 6. What makes Europe a coherent heritage place? • Cities and trade built the European networks and spread the cultural trends • Christianity was the driving force of morale and politics until the 19th c. In both cases, urbanscapes reflect this double heritage
  7. 7. European urban heritage relies on Christian features, a long tradition of trade and old city centers, sometimes fortified.
  8. 8. e.g. Nuremberg’s city walls and defensive towers
  9. 9. Beaune Dijon
  10. 10. Toledo, SPAIN
  11. 11. The European Enlightenment was not limited to Western Europe The European Enlightenment was not limited to Western Europe
  12. 12. Short tour of Krakow, a typical European city:
  13. 13. WAWEL ROYAL CASTLE
  14. 14. Aerial picture of Krakow (POLAND): WAWEL ROYAL CASTLE, VISTULA RIVER AND CITY OUTSKIRTS What makes this urbanscape a typically European one?
  15. 15. A typical European urbanscape A remnant of the royal past A city connected to natural passageways (here, the Vistula) A modernized and contemporanean urban pattern The city’s outskirts Residential area The Castle, a heritage center and a tourist spot
  16. 16. Architectural innovations echoed in many European cities Here, Gothic styles paralleled the development of universities and libraries Here, Gothic styles paralleled the development of universities and libraries
  17. 17. Renaissance style
  18. 18. The Renaissance architectural features in Wawel Castle, Krakow
  19. 19. Baroque style
  20. 20. Krakow, main street
  21. 21. Christian heritage Shops, trading streets Tourist facilities Architectural diversity and unity
  22. 22. Europe has developed distinct urban and social features that makes it different from the other civilizations Europeans, even if often divided, have been linked by trade, belief in Christian religion and the tradition of written knowledge
  23. 23. Europe has developed distinct urban and social features that makes it different from the other civilizations Europeans, even if often divided, have been linked by trade, belief in Christian religion and the tradition of written knowledge

Some of Europe's cultural features Case study on Krakow

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