The brain is the organ of destiny. It holds within its humming mechanism secrets that will
Who are neurologist?
A neurologist is a physician who specializes in neurology, and is trained to
investigate, or diagnose and treat neurological disorders.
Neurology is the medical specialty related to the human nervous system. The
nervous system encompasses the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves. A
specialist physician who treats patients suffering from neurological disease is
include: psychiatry, neurosurgery, and their subspecialties.
Brain tumorA brain tumor is an abnormal growth of cells within the brain, which can be
cancerous or non-cancerous (benign).
It is defined as any intracranial tumor created by abnormal and uncontrolled cell
division, normally either in the brain itself (neurons, glial cells (astrocytes,
oligodendrocytes, ependymal cells), lymphatic blood vessels), in the cranial
nerves (myelin-producing Schwann cells), in the brain envelopes (meninges),
skull, pituitary and pineal gland, or spread from cancers primarily located in
other organs (metastatic tumors).A neurologist deals with such problems.
Primary (true) brain tumors are commonly located in the posterior cranial fossa
in children and in the anterior two-thirds of the cerebral hemispheres in adults,
although they can affect any part of the brain.
Symptoms of Brain tumorSymptoms of a brain tumor can be -
A general symptom is caused by the pressure of the tumor on the brain or
A Specific symptoms are caused when a specific part of the brain is not
working normally because of the tumor.
For many people with a brain tumor, they were diagnosed when they went
to the doctor after experiencing a problem, such as a headache or other
General symptoms include :•Headaches, which may be severe and may worsen with activity or in the early
•Seizures. Motor seizures, also called convulsions, are sudden involuntary movements
of a person’s muscles. People may experience different types of seizures, including
myclonic and tonic-clonic (grand mal). Certain drugs can help prevent or control them.
The differences between these types of seizures can be found below:
Single or multiple muscles twitches,jerks,spams.
Loss of consciousness and body tone, followed by twitching and relaxing
Loss of control of body functions.
specific symptoms include :Symptoms that may be specific to the location of the tumor include:
•Pressure or headache near the tumor.
•Loss of balance and difficulty with fine motor skills (linked with a tumor in the
•Changes in judgment, including loss of initiative, sluggishness, and muscle
weakness or paralysis (associated with a tumor in the frontal lobe of the
•Partial or complete loss of vision (caused by a tumor in the occipital lobe or
temporal lobe of the cerebrum).
•Changes in speech, hearing, memory, or emotional state, such as aggressiveness
and problems understanding or retrieving words (from a tumor in the frontal and
temporal lobe of cerebrum).
Doctors use many tests to diagnose a brain tumor, find out the type of brain
tumor, and rarely, find out if it has metastasized (spread). Some tests may
also determine which treatments may be the most effective. For most types of
tumors, taking a sample of the tumor tissue, either by biopsy (see below) or
by removing the entire tumor, is the only way to make a definitive diagnosis
of a brain tumor. If this is not possible, the doctor may suggest other tests that
will help make a diagnosis.
Imaging tests may be used to help determine whether the tumor is a primary
brain tumor or if it is another type of cancer that has spread to the brain from
elsewhere in the body. Your doctor may consider these factors when choosing
a diagnostic test:
•Age and medical condition
•Type of tumor suspected
•Signs and symptoms
•Previous test results
Treatment options may include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy (each
described below). For a benign brain tumor, surgery may be the only treatment
needed. Typically, treatment begins with surgery, followed by radiation therapy
and chemotherapy if needed.
In many situations, chemotherapy is given at the same time as radiation therapy.
Occasionally, chemotherapy may be given before the radiation therapy. Your exact
treatment plan will be made by your health care team.
Many clinical trials are focused on new treatments, evaluating whether a new
treatment is safe, effective, and possibly better than the current (standard) treatment.
These types of studies evaluate new drugs, different combinations of existing
treatments, new approaches to radiation therapy or surgery, and new methods of
Guidemytreatment is one of the best free health care where patients who participate
in clinical trials are often among the first to receive new treatments before they are
You can appoint your doctor without visiting them and it is free of cost.
While you can discuss all your problem regarding health and they advice you the
Question to ask the doctor:•What type of brain tumor do I have?
•Is the tumor cancerous?
•What is the tumor’s grade? What does this mean?
•Can you explain my pathology report (laboratory test results) to
•Will an experienced neuropathology review my pathology slides?
•What are my treatment options?
•What clinical trials are open to me?
•How many brain tumors do you treat each year?
•What treatment plan do you recommend? Why?
•What is the goal of each treatment? Is it to eliminate the tumor,
help me feel better, or both?
•Would any of these treatment options keep me from participating in
a clinical trial in the future?
•When should I start treatment?
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