A s H U MA N ,Engineers have fundamentalrights to live and freely pursuetheir legitimate interest, whichimplies, for example , rights notto be unfairly discriminatedagainst on the basis of SEX,RACE, or AGE
A s E mp l o y e e s ,Engineers have specialrights, including right to receiveone’s salary in return for performingone’s duties and the right to engagein the non work political activities ofone’s choosing without reprisal orcoercion from employers.
AsPr of e s s i ona l s ,Engineers have special rights thatarise from their professional roleand obligations it involves. Webegin with professional rights, most of which can be viewed asaspects of fundamental right ofprofessional conscience.
Pr o f e s s i o n a lRi g h t sThree professional rights have special importance:(1) the basic right of professionalconscience,(2) the right of conscientious refusal,and(3) the right of professional recognition.
1. r i g h t o f p r o f e s s i o n a lc ons c i e nc eIs the moral right to exercise professional judgment forpursuing professional responsibilitiesPursuing those responsibilities involves exercising bothtechnical judgment and reasoned moralconvictionsThis right has limits, of course must be balancedagainst responsibilities to employers and tocolleagues .
2.R i g h t o f Co n s c i e n c eRe f u s a lThe right of conscientious refusal is the right to refuse to engagedin unethical behavior and to refuse to do so solely because oneviews it as unethical.There are two situations to be considered:1. Where there is widely shared agreement in the profession as to whether an act is unethical and2. Where there is room for this agreement among reasonable people over whether an act is unethical.
3. R i g h t t o r e c ogni t i onEngineers have a right to professional recognition for their workand accomplishments. Part of this involves fair monetary remunerationand part non-monetary forms of recognition. The right to recognition, andespecially fair remuneration, may seem to be purely a matter of self interestrather than morality, but it is both without fair remuneration, engineerscannot concentrate their energies where they properly belong.But the right professional recognition is not sufficiently precise to pinpointjust what are reasonable salary is or what a fair remuneration for patentdiscoveries such detailed matters must be work out cooperatively betweenemployers and employees.
E mp l o y e e s r i g h t s Employee rights are any rights, moral or legal, that involve the status of being unemployed. They overlap with some professional rights.1. Privacy The right to pursue outside activities can be thought of as a right to personal privacy in the sense that it means the right to have a private life off the job. We mean the right to control the access to and the used of information about oneself.2. Equal opportunity: NONDISCRIMINATION3. Equal Opportunity: SEXUAL HARRASMENT4. Equal Opportunity: AFFIRMATIVE ACTION
WH I S T L E B L O WI N GA host of issues are involved. When is whistle blowingmorally permissible? Is it ever morally obligatory, orbeyond the call of duty? To what extent, if any, doengineers have the right to whistle blow, and when isdoing so immoral and imprudent? When is whistleblowing an act of disloyalty to an organization.
Wh i s t l e b l o w i n g :De f i n i t i o nWhistle blowing occurs when an employee orformer employee conveys information about asignificant moral problem to someone in a positionto take action on the problem and does so outsideapprove organizational channels(or against strongpressure).