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Program evaluation

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Program evaluation

  1. 1. Whatis a ProgramEvaluation?First ,we´llconsider ¨whatis a program? Typically,organizationsworkfromtheirmissiontoidentifyseveraloverallgoalswhichmustbereachedtoaccomplishtheirmission.Programevaluationiscarefullycollectinginformationabout a programorsomeaspect of a program in ordertomakeneccesarydesicionsabouttheprogram. Thisincludeabout 35 differenttypes of evaluation.<br />
  2. 2. Basic ingredients:Oganizations and Program(s).YouneedanOrganization:Thismayseemtooobvioustodiscuss, butbeforeanorganizationembarksonevaluatingprogram, itshouldhavewellestablishedmeanstoconductitself as anorganization.YouProgram(s):Toeffectivelyconductprogramevaluation,youshouldfirsthaveprograms.<br />
  3. 3. PlanningYourProgramEvaluaiton.DependsonWhatinformationYouneedtoMakeYourDecision and OnYourResources.Itdependswhatinformationyouneedtocollect in ordertomakemajordecisions.Condiderthekeyquestionwhendesigning a programevaluation.Whatitistheporpuse?Who are theaudiences?Whatkind of informationweneedtoelavoratedthe plan?Whenistheinformationneeded?Whatresources are availabletocollecttheinformation?<br />
  4. 4. <ul><li>SomeMajorTypes of ProgramEvaluation.Goals-BasedEvaluation.Oftenprogams are establishtomeetoneor more goals.Process-BasedEvaluationsprocess-basedevaluation are gearedtofullyunderstandinghow a programworks—howdoesit produce thatresultsthatitdoes.Outcomes- BasedEvaluation.Programealuationwithanoutcomesfocusisincreasinglyimportantfornonprofits and askedforbyfunders.</li></li></ul><li>Overview of MethodstoCollectInformation.<br /><ul><li>Questionnaries,surveys, checklist
  5. 5. Interviews
  6. 6. Documentationreviewe
  7. 7. Observation
  8. 8. Focusgroups
  9. 9. Case studies</li></li></ul><li>Types of InformationCollectedbyQuestion<br />TwoTypes of Questions:<br /><ul><li>Open–ended:nooptions are providedfortherespondenttoanswerthequestion.
  10. 10. Close: theresponsedisgiven a set of alternativechoisesfromwhich he orshe can choosetoanswerthequestion,i.e., yes , no, multiplechoise, a rating , etc.</li></li></ul><li>Analyzing and InterpretingInformation<br />Analyzingquantitative and qualitative data isoftenthetopic of advancedresearch and evaluationmethods. There are certainbasicswhich can helptomakesence of reams of data.<br />
  11. 11. Alwaysstartwithyourevaluationgoals:When<br />analyzing data, alwaysstartfromreview of<br />yourevaluationgoals, ie., thereasonyou<br />undertooktheevaluation in thefirst place.<br />Basic analysis of ¨quantitative¨ information:<br /><ul><li>Make copies of your data and storethecopyaway.
  12. 12. Tabulatetheiformation.
  13. 13. Considercomputing a mean, oravarage,foreachquestion
  14. 14. Considerconveyingtherange of answer.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Basic analysis of ¨qualitative¨information:respondents´verbalanswer in the interviews , focusgroups,orwrittencommentaryonquestionnaries.
  15. 15. Interpretinginformation: puttheinformation in perspective, considerrecommendationstohelpaboutprogrammoperationormeetinggoals, conclusion and recommendation in a reportdocument.
  16. 16. ReportingEvalutionResults:thecontentdependontowhomthereportisintended.
  17. 17. WhoShouldCarryOutEvaluation? Ideally , management decides whattheevaluationgoalsshouldbe, alsoexperthelpstheorganizationto determine whattheevaluationmethodsshouldbe, and howtheresulting data willbeanlyzed and report back totheorganization. </li></li></ul><li>Contens of anEvaluation Plan:Developanevaluation plan toensureyourprogramevaluations are carrieoutefficientlythefuture. Also record enoughinformation in the plan so thatsomeoneoutside of theorganization can understandwhatyou´reevaluating and how.PitfallstoAvoid.Usuallythefirst 20% of effortwillgeneratethefirst 80% of the plan, and thisisfarbetterthan nothing.iewThereis no perfectdesign.Workhardincludesome interviews in yourevaluationmethods.Don´t interview justthesuccess.<br />

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