Kulanu Presentation 5 6 2009


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  • Kulanu Presentation 5 6 2009

    1. 1. Kulanu A 501(c)(3) organization helping dispersed and emerging Jewish communities
    2. 2. Communities with a Kulanu Connection
    3. 3. <ul><ul><li>India - Bnei Menashe, Bene Ephraim and Pashtuns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uganda – Abayudaya </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethiopia – Beta Israel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Southern Africa - Lemba </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ghana - Sefwi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nigeria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rwanda and Burundi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many Countries - Anousim (“Marranos,” “Conversos”, “Crypto-Jews”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peru </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brazil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ecuador </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suriname </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mexico </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Italy </li></ul></ul>Where Are These Communities?
    4. 4. Jewish Communities in India <ul><li>(1) Manipur and (2) Mizoram </li></ul><ul><li> Bnei Menashe </li></ul><ul><li>(3) Kolkata Baghdadi </li></ul><ul><li>(4) Andhra Pradesh Bene Ephraim ( Telugu) </li></ul><ul><li>(5) Mumbai </li></ul><ul><li> Bene Israel Baghdadi </li></ul><ul><li>(6) Cochin Cochini </li></ul>5 1 2 3 4 6
    5. 5. Kulanu’s Journey Began in 1994 Among the Bnei Menashe in India <ul><li>Descendants of the tribe of Menashe exiled in 722 B.C.E. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1800’s, Christian missionaries found Jews on the Burmese border in northern India </li></ul><ul><li>Many now making aliyah to Israel </li></ul>At the ark
    6. 6. Kulanu Sent a Rabbinic Couple to Teach and Study with the Bene Ephraim in India The Bene Ephraim community in Andhra Pradesh speak Telugu and maintain Jewish traditions
    7. 7. African Communities with Kulanu Connection <ul><li>(1) Ethiopia </li></ul><ul><li> Beta Israel </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Southern Africa Lemba </li></ul><ul><li>(3) Ghana Sefwi </li></ul><ul><li>(4) Nigeria </li></ul><ul><li> Igbo (Ibo) </li></ul><ul><li>(5) Uganda Abayudaya </li></ul><ul><li>(6) Burundi and Rwanda Tutsi </li></ul>1 2 3 4 6 5 2
    8. 8. Abayudaya of Uganda <ul><li>Embraced Judaism 1919 </li></ul><ul><li>Persisted despite persecution </li></ul><ul><li>Educated by Jewish visitors </li></ul><ul><li>United States-trained rabbi returned in 2008 </li></ul>Rabbi Gershom Sizomu with mother and brother at his installation Purim Service at Moses Synagogue
    9. 9. Abayudaya (cont.) <ul><li>Conversion 2002: 300+ individuals in Uganda </li></ul>
    10. 10. How Kulanu Helps: Abayudaya Education <ul><li>Support for elementary and secondary schools </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition program </li></ul><ul><li>Health education </li></ul><ul><li>Women’s empowerment </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural development </li></ul>Kulanu volunteer teaching at Abayudaya primary school Girls’ book project Child hunger project
    11. 11. How Kulanu Helps: Abayudaya Economic Development <ul><li>Micro-credit projects </li></ul><ul><li>Water and electricity </li></ul><ul><li>Fair trade interfaith coffee project </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural development </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism program </li></ul>Package from interfaith fair trade coffee shop Abayudaya women welcoming mitzvah tourists
    12. 12. Kulanu Helps Ethiopian Jews in Israel and Ethiopia <ul><li>The Ethiopian Jewish community known as Beta Israel (House of Israel) can trace its lineage to biblical times </li></ul><ul><li>Western travelers to Ethiopia discovered the community in the 1800’s </li></ul><ul><li>75,000 have gone to Israel (Operation Moses, 1984, and Operation Solomon, 1991) </li></ul><ul><li>Many more are waiting </li></ul>Men generally do the embroidery
    13. 13. Ethiopia (cont.) <ul><li>National Conference of Ethiopian Jews ( NACOEJ) </li></ul><ul><li>COMPOUND IN ADDIS ABABA (closed in 2007) </li></ul>Children’s feeding program Children waiting for the circus Ten Commandments in Amharic
    14. 14. Kulanu Has Worked with the Lemba in South Africa and Zimbabwe <ul><li>Oral history of Jewish origins </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic evidence of Jewish origins </li></ul><ul><li>Anthropologist Tudor Parfitt has written books about the Lemba </li></ul>Tudor Parfitt
    15. 15. Kulanu Helped the Jewish Community in Ghana Develop a Business <ul><li>Sefwi Wiawso in Ghana </li></ul><ul><li>Oral history: they were Jews from Ethiopia via Mali </li></ul><ul><li>Kulanu helps them sell beautiful African fabric challah covers and kente-cloth tallitot </li></ul><ul><li>Kulanu has helped send Jewish studies teachers to Ghana </li></ul><ul><li>Kulanu sent Ghana leader to study with Abayudaya in Uganda </li></ul>
    16. 16. Igbos (Ibos) of Nigeria <ul><li>Possible descendants of ancient Israelites </li></ul><ul><li>Kulanu helps community in many ways: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arranged month-long consultation for American rabbi with Nigerian Jewish leader </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sent Jewish books and materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supported research, writing and outreach projects on Igbo/Israel connection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assisted Igbo Jewish leader in application to American university to continue his studies </li></ul></ul>Igbo-Ukwu Visit w Rabbi Brant Rosen
    17. 17. Tutsis of Rwanda and Burundi <ul><li>Supported the work of Havila, organization led by Yochanan Bwejeri, a Tutsi exile living in Belgium </li></ul><ul><li>Havila researches history of Tutsi/Israelite connection </li></ul><ul><li>Supports Havila human rights work to prevent further genocide </li></ul><ul><li>Sponsored two Tutsi community seders in Brussels </li></ul><ul><li>Advocated with members of US Congress and State Department to avert impending genocide </li></ul>
    18. 18. Latin American Communities with a Kulanu Connection <ul><li>The Jewish communities in Latin America are primarily Anousim and descendants of Jewish traders </li></ul><ul><li>(1) Brazil </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>(3) Ecuador </li></ul><ul><li>(4) Peru </li></ul><ul><li>(5) Suriname </li></ul><ul><li>(6) Caribbean </li></ul>1 2 4 3 6 5
    19. 19. Anousim (“Forced Ones”) <ul><li>Expulsions: </li></ul><ul><li>Spain (1492) </li></ul><ul><li>and Portugal (1497) </li></ul><ul><li>Turkey </li></ul><ul><li>Europe </li></ul><ul><li>North Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Brazil, Ecuador </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Suriname </li></ul><ul><li>Caribbean </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. </li></ul>Bnei Anousim are descendants of Spanish and Portuguese Jews forcibly converted to Catholicism 500 years ago during the Spanish Inquisition Based on genetic studies, scholars suggest that 20% of Spain’s and one-third of Portugal’s population may have Jewish heritage
    20. 20. Anousim (“Forced Ones”) (cont.) <ul><li>Many Jewish communities in Latin America have Anousim Roots </li></ul><ul><li>Some have a heritage of Jewish traders intermarrying with local settlers and assimilating into the general population </li></ul><ul><li>Other communities have been out of touch with the mainstream Jewish community for decades. Kulanu helps some of these: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Turkey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>North Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brazil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ecuador </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mexico </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suriname </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Caribbean </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. </li></ul></ul>
    21. 21. Jewish Community of Peru <ul><li>Tarapoto </li></ul><ul><li>Assimilated Moroccan Jews who arrived in 19th century </li></ul><ul><li>Huánuco (400 km NE of Lima) </li></ul><ul><li>Originally Ashkenazic Jews who came for business </li></ul><ul><li>Died out/chose Catholicism in early 20 th century when Peru only permitted the registry of civil status, marriage, and children via the Catholic Church </li></ul><ul><li>Later became Crypto-Jews or people no longer accepting Catholicism </li></ul>
    22. 22. Anousim in Brazil <ul><li>It is estimated that 10% of Brazil’s 170 million people are of Jewish heritage </li></ul>Synagogue in Recife
    23. 23. Jewish Community of Suriname in Paramaribo The 2008 community Seder Torah reading in the Neve Shalom Synagogue (2008)
    24. 24. Anousim in Mexico Havurah in Mexico City Women in Veracruz Synagogue Pesach in Puebla Tefillin
    25. 25. Anousim in Mexico (cont.) <ul><li>The Anousim of Mexico have a difficult time being accepted by the “mainstream” Jewish community </li></ul>
    26. 26. Anousim are also Found in the United States <ul><li>Secretive about background </li></ul><ul><li>Southwestern U.S. </li></ul>
    27. 27. How Kulanu Helps <ul><li>Linking Jewish Communities </li></ul><ul><li>Maintains contact with >20 communities in more than 13 countries on five continents </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages group and individual travel to isolated communities </li></ul><ul><li>Organizes community meetings with guest speakers </li></ul><ul><li>Supports Bar and Bat Mitzvah Projects </li></ul>
    28. 28. How Kulanu Helps (cont.) <ul><li>Jewish Education </li></ul><ul><li>Organizes Batei Din groups of Rabbis (Jewish courts) </li></ul><ul><li>Assists in Rabbinic training </li></ul><ul><li>Sends books, religious items, recordings </li></ul><ul><li>Recruits teachers and sponsors study/teaching trips to isolated communities </li></ul><ul><li>Sponsors interns to work in Kulanu communities </li></ul>
    29. 29. How Kulanu Helps (cont.) <ul><li>Financial Opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Provides scholarships </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages cottage industries </li></ul><ul><li>Operates an online boutique of handicrafts </li></ul><ul><li>Raises money to build community institutions </li></ul>
    30. 30. How Kulanu Helps (cont.) <ul><li>Media </li></ul><ul><li>Quarterly newsletter </li></ul><ul><li>Recordings of music </li></ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jews in Places You Never Thought Of </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Under One Canopy: Readings in Jewish Diversity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Email discussion groups in English, Spanish, and Portuguese </li></ul><ul><li>Website </li></ul><ul><li>Kulanu email updates </li></ul><ul><li>Kulanu blog and Facebook page </li></ul><ul><li>Operates online boutique of Jewish crafts, books and music </li></ul>
    31. 31. Bar and Bat Mitzvah Projects <ul><li>Kulanu helps young people develop activities for mitzvah projects that are linked to Kulanu’s communities. Projects include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sending letter about Kulanu along with Bar/Bat Mitzvah invitation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Selling merchandise from the Kulanu boutique </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Placing an article about Kulanu in local media outlets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Giving a speech that mentions Kulanu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obtaining kippot from Uganda and tallitot from Ghana for use during the Bar/Bat Mitzvah ceremony </li></ul></ul>
    32. 32. Contact Information <ul><li>www.kulanu.org </li></ul><ul><li>Kulanu </li></ul><ul><li>165 West End Ave., 3R </li></ul><ul><li>New York, NY 10023 </li></ul><ul><li>(212) 877-8082 </li></ul>