"In the name of God"
Chemical Engineering Department
Senior Student of Chemical And
Petroleum Engineering Department
Caution: This copy of the booklet may have
a few mistakes, as it is the first edition!
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Mohammad Mehdi Loolia: “A piece of writing without punctuation is like a road without signs.”
Topic 1: What are the characteristics of a good teacher? Give reasons to support your idea.
(Reasons: knowledge & convey the meaning – behavior)
No one can ever deny the significance of teachers in every system of education, as they are
basically responsible for educating the future generations. Needless to say, teachers should
have a number of specific characteristics in order to do their duties in the best possible
way. In this essay, we plan to examine the most important qualities which enables a
teacher to do his/her job properly.
First and foremost, the ability to teach properly is basically one of the most significant
characteristics of every teacher, which is because the lack of this ability may contribute to
many significant problems in the process of students learning. In this regard, a good
teacher should not only have a reasonable level of knowledge in the course which he/she is
teaching, but he/she should also have the ability to convey the subject to the students very
well. In many cases, the teacher’s performance has been regarded as far from satisfactory
not because of poor knowledge, but because of the inability to make the students
understand the materials.
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Topic 2: How do you relieve stress in your life? Give reasons and examples to support your
(Reasons: having hobbies – travelling – some medical activities: drinking cold water, deep breath)
Stress and stress-related diseases are basically regarded as an indispensible part of human
life in modern societies, resulting from the characteristics of life in the industrialized
world. This problem may contribute to more serious mental disorders if it is not tackled
properly, which makes it necessary for people to take a number of actions in order to
control their stress. In this essay, we intend to examine a number of ways which, in my
point of view, can lead to (result in) less stress in human life.
In the first place, it should be noted that having a suitable hobby can play a very
significant role in reducing stress and tension in one’s life, which is mainly because such
an activity would often distract the attention of the person from the factors which cause
stress to other areas. As an illustration, consider the effects of listening to music on one’s
mental health. According to most psychologists, the people who listen to music on a
permanent basis are far less likely to suffer from stress and similar mental disorders.
Likewise (in the same way, by the same token), doing a sport, reading books and joining
a club can result in the reduction of stress in one’s life.
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Topic 3: People work for many reasons. Making money is one reason for working. What
other reasons do you think people work for?
(Reasons: fulfill social and personal needs – use our skills and abilities – success at work may
compensate for failure in other aspects of life)(Compensate for = )ﺧﻨﺜﯽ ﮐﺮدن
No one can ever deny the significance of work in human life, as it makes the person have
financial independence and, more importantly, a social position. While earning money is
generally regarded as a very significant driving force of working, it would be wrong to
assume that people choose to work in the society only in order to improve their financial
condition. Indeed, I am of the opinion that working can have a wide range of positive
effects on ones’ mental health.
First and foremost, work is regarded as one of the most important needs of human kind
because this activity makes it possible for him/her to fulfill a number of personal and social
needs in the society. Human beings, for example, need to be seen and respected by other
people, a social need, which contributes to a feeling of self confidence and self satisfaction
in the course of time, a personal need. Having a job may create the circumstances under
which these mental needs are fulfilled properly, which illustrates what a significant role
work plays in human life.
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Topic 4: women are not able to have a successful social position and, at the same time,
raise their family properly. How far do you agree? Give reasons and examples to support
your response. (BE OPENMINDED) ** Technical **
(Reasons: if women, who go to university, don’t work, waste time and money – it is wrong to
believe that raising the family is the duty of women – social role helps women raise their family
Over the past few decades, women have played a very significant social role in many
countries of the world. Today, we can see women in the highest ranks of specialty and
management in developed countries. The social phenomenon may have raised a number of
concerns among those who believe that the social responsibilities of women would prevent
them from doing their duties to their family. However, I hold the view that it would be
wrong to ignore the potential of women as half of the active work force in every society, as
it will contribute to very significant problems for the society in general and women in
To begin with, the significance increase in the number of women who receive higher
education makes it necessary to give some social responsibilities to women. By way of
illustration, it should be noted that girls account for a considerable proportion of
university students receiving academic education in many countries of the world.
Considering the fact that tertiary education imposes a very heavy financial burden on the
state, it would be nothing but waste of time, money and resources to deprive women of
social responsibilities, as it means eliminating half of the educated workforce in the
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Topic 5: University should accept equal numbers of male and female students in every
major. How far do you agree?!(DISAGREEMENT)
(Reasons: some majors are suitable for men and some are suitable for women – those majors in
which the equal number of male and female students can participate must be based on competition)
No one can ever deny that in a civilized society, every person should have the opportunity
to improve in different aspects of life, regardless of his/her race, religion and, most
importantly, gender. This fact, however, may give rise to an assumption that universities
should accept equal numbers of male and female students in order to provide similar
educational facilities for both genders. In my point of view, a wide range of different
factors can determine the proportion of male and female students in different university
majors, which makes it necessary for university authorities to consider different aspects
when they decide on how to allocate different majors to boys and girls.
To begin with, it should be considered that a number of university majors are more suitable
for one gender than the other one, which is mainly because of the natural differences
between men and women. Male students, for example, have proven to be more successful
in the majors which involve practical skills, such as civil engineering, architecture and
general surgery. Female students, on the other hand, are far more successful in the majors
in which feelings and emotions come first including teaching small children, nursing and
some arts. Under such circumstances, it wouldn’t seem sensible to insist on accepting the
same number of male and female students in every major.
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Topic 6: Parents are the best teachers. How far do you agree?! (AGREEMENT)
(Reasons: they pass their first years of life with their parents and the speed of learning in those
years is very high – they are together for a long time–they like to have the same pattern as parents)
Needless to say, parents play a very significant, if not the most significant, role in one’s
life, as their method of treatment would often have long-term effects on their children.
While I would not deny the importance of school teachers and academic education, I hold
the view that ones’ behavior is affected by his/her parents more than any other factor,
which means parents are the best teachers.
The last but not the least, children are affected by their parents more than any other teacher
mainly because parents are the most outstanding role models in human life. According to
many psychologists, children and teenagers imitate the behavior of their parents
automatically, an imitation which may even happen unintentionally. As a consequence, the
manners, ways of speech and even gestures and facial expressions of parents are
transferred to their children, which illustrates the significance educational role of parents in
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Topic 7_1: Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?!
Face-to-face communication is better than other types of communication, such as letters, e-
mail, or telephone calls. (AGREEMENT)
The significant developments in technology have made it possible for human kind to
communicate in a wide range of different ways, such as email, text messages and
telephone, which have been added to more conventional methods of communication like
sending letters. While it may seem that such advances have reduced the importance and
necessity of face to face communication, I am of the opinion that this natural method of
communicating with other people has a number of characteristics which are rarely, if not
never, found in other ways of communication.
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Topic 7_2: Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?!
Face-to-face communication is better than other types of communication, such as letters, e-
mail, or telephone calls. (AGREEMENT)
(Reasons: convey not only words, but also feelings and emotions – it can prevent misunderstanding
– fulfill the mental needs)
According to psychologists, human communication is basically a very complex
phenomenon which is affected by a wide range of different factors. Face to face
communication, as the most natural and frequent method of communicating with others,
has a number of significant characteristics which enable human kind to convey not only
words, but also feelings, emotions and attitudes. In my point of view, such a quality is
almost never found in other ways of communication, which makes it far better than the
Furthermore, face to face communication includes a number of tools, such as gestures,
facial expressions and the tone of voice, which help the speaker convey the exact meaning
precisely without running the risk of causing misunderstanding in the speech. Such tools
are rarely found in other methods of communication, especially modern ones like e-mail
and text messages. As a consequence, those people who communicate with each other face
to face are far less likely to misunderstand each other, which is basically regarded as one of
the most significance advantages of this way of communication.
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Topic 8: Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?!
One should never judge a person by external appearances. (AGREEMENT)
It is generally accepted that our impressions of other people are formed by their
appearance, way of speaking and, in the course of time, behavior. While one’s appearance
plays a very important role in social contacts, I hold the view that it would be wrong to
judge other people only by external appearances, as the complex nature of human kind
should often make such judgments unreliable, superficial and misleading.
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Topic 9: Argument:
Study alone / study with other people
Discuss both views.
No one can ever rule out the significance of a proper method of studying in ones’ success.
However, there seems to be very little agreement about the best way to study. While some
people prefer to focus on their studies alone, others find it more sensible to form study
groups and revise their lessons with their classmates. Needless to say, both groups have
their own arguments.
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Topic 10: Some people believe that the earth is being damaged by human activity. Others
feel that human activity makes the earth a better place to live. What is your opinion?!
Throughout history, human kind has made very significant changes on the earth in order to
customize this place according to his/her needs, interests and ideals. Today, however,
there seem to be a wide range of different, and sometimes opposite, points of view about
the interference of human kind in the nature…
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Topic 11: Argument: Capital punishment (Adv. and Disadv.)
Throughout history, capital punishment has been regarded as one of the most common
methods of punishment in almost all parts of the world. Today, however, there seem to be
very different attitudes to this method of punishment. While death penalty has been
abolished in many developed countries, there are a certain number of (few) countries
which still apply capital punishment on a regular basis, mainly in order to maintain security
in their societies.
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Topic 12: Argument: CC TVs and Cameras in public places? (Adv. and Disadv.)
The increasing rate of crime in human societies has made it necessary for governments to
take a number of preventive actions in order to tackle this problem, one of which is the
application of closed circuit cameras in public places.
This course of action, however, has provoked a great deal of controversy in many countries
of the world. While, many politicians and security officials are in favor of this action,
many human rights communities and citizens are bitterly opposed to this policy, describing
it as intrusive and restrictive. This essay is intended to examine both views and reach a