Budapest Treaty Presented


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Budapest Treaty Presented

  1. 1. PG- IP & Tech Mgt Student Onkar Singh
  2. 2. History of microorganism patent <ul><li>First patent granted for an invention using microbes to louis pasture for yeast used in fermentation in 1873 </li></ul><ul><li>Modified organism that are not product of nature ,are eligible for patent protection .[ Diomand vs Chakrabarty case] </li></ul>
  3. 3. Definition of microorganism <ul><li>Budapest treaty has not define what is microorganism </li></ul><ul><li>In text of microbiology --- </li></ul><ul><li>or microorganism or microbes is an organism that is microscopic (usually too small to be seen by the naked human eye). The study of microorganisms is called microbiology , </li></ul>
  4. 4. BASICS… . <ul><li>The Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure. </li></ul><ul><li>Special agreement under Article 19 of the Paris Convention, entered into force on August 9, 1980 </li></ul><ul><li>The Budapest Treaty was signed on April 28,1977. </li></ul><ul><li>Entered in to force on august 9,1980 </li></ul><ul><li>Amended in September 26,1980 </li></ul>
  5. 5. Basics Continued….. <ul><li>The Treaty  is open to States party to the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property (1883) . </li></ul><ul><li>It is administered by WIPO </li></ul>
  6. 6. Basics continues .. <ul><li>As of January 2009, 72 countries were party to the Budapest Treaty. </li></ul><ul><li>The accession to the Treaty is open to States party to the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property of 1883. </li></ul><ul><li>Other intergovernmental agencies dealing with Industrial Property can also file to be part of this treaty </li></ul>
  7. 7. BACKGROUND…. <ul><li>Disclosure of invention is required for patents </li></ul><ul><li>Disclosure not sufficient for microbes and samples need to be submitted </li></ul><ul><li>This treaty allows a single one time deposit at one place to serve for patent purposes in all member countries </li></ul><ul><li>It is necessary not only to file a written description but also to deposit a sample of microorganism in IDA </li></ul>
  8. 8. NEED FOR TREATY <ul><li>Almost all patent offices are not equipped to handle microorganisms, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>whose preservation requires special expertise and equipment to keep them viable, to protect them from contamination and to protect health or the environment from contamination. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In addition, such preservation is costly </li></ul><ul><li>The furnishing of samples also requires specialized expertise and equipment </li></ul>
  9. 9. SUMMARY <ul><li>Main feature of the Treaty is: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a Contracting State which allows or requires the deposit of microorganisms for the purposes of patent procedure must recognize, for such purposes, the deposit of a microorganism with any “international depositary authority” (Article 3(1)(a)), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>irrespective of whether such authority is on or outside the territory of the said State. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. “ International Depositary Authority ” <ul><li>Popularly called IDA </li></ul><ul><li>is a scientific institution — </li></ul><ul><li>typically a “culture collection” — which is capable of storing microorganisms </li></ul>
  11. 11. STATUS OF I.D.A <ul><li>Located with in the territory of the contracting states </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous existence </li></ul><ul><li>Impartial </li></ul><ul><li>objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Accept for deposit any or certain kinds micro-organisms, examine their viability and store them, as prescribed in the Regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Issue a receipt to the depositor </li></ul>
  12. 12. IDA Statistics As on March 1, 2008 There were 37 IDA Country name Number of IDA EUROPE 21[spain,italy , france ,poland,…..] North America 3 Southern 1[Australia] Asia 8[India , Japan ,korea ,China]
  13. 13. Disposable subject matter <ul><li>cells eg. Bacteria ,fungi ,eukaryotic cell , plant spore </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic vector </li></ul><ul><li>Organism used for expression of a gene [making the protein from DNA] </li></ul><ul><li>PLASMID </li></ul><ul><li>Purified nucleic acid </li></ul>
  14. 14. INDIA and BUDAPEST TREATY <ul><li>India joined in Dec 17,2001 </li></ul><ul><li>Indian patent act -invention is not a mere discovery of what is already exist in nature or in case of genetically modified microorganism or other biological material the invention result show enhancing the efficacy of already existing strain .then it patentable </li></ul><ul><li>India have one IDA ,namely MTCC [microbial type culture collection and gene bank] sponsored by DBT ,CSIR, GOI, </li></ul>
  15. 15. INDIA and BUDAPEST TREATY … <ul><li>MTCC is an affiliate member if WFCC ( world federation of the culture collection ) and is registered with the WDCM ( world data centre of microorganism )-R.N.773 </li></ul><ul><li>MTCC have five section ,ACTINOMYCETES ,BACTERIA ,FUNGI,YEAST ,PLASMID </li></ul><ul><li>-----Deposit of indian microflora at MTCC ensure ex-situ conservation of the microbial bio diversity </li></ul>
  16. 16. Advantages For Applicant <ul><li>Great use to depositor who wishes to apply in several countries </li></ul><ul><li>Saves money and multiplication of results </li></ul><ul><li>Security of material is increased by the fact that deposition is made in an institute of international recognition. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Advantages -For Government <ul><li>There is no financial burden on member governments. </li></ul><ul><li>There are no separate legislative and administrative obligations for member countries. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Member Status.. Latest to join is Bosnia and Herzegovina January 27, 2009 Year Number of Contracting parties 1980 6 1990 22 2000 48 2009 72
  19. 19. This explains need of BUDAPEST TREATY better than anything else.
  20. 20. References … <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Full text of treaty : </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation under treaty : </li></ul><ul><li>Contracting parties : </li></ul>
  21. 21. References : <ul><li>treaty Brief on Wikipedia : </li></ul><ul><li>India to sign treaty : </li></ul><ul><li>Patenting microorganism : </li></ul><ul><li>Patenting microorganism : </li></ul>
  22. 22. References … <ul><li>MTCC ,India : </li></ul><ul><li>How to deposit biological material for patent purpose </li></ul>
  23. 23. DECLARATION : <ul><li>I onkar singh , hereby declared that the content which have presented in this presentation it is used for good faith as for teaching purpose ,According to my opinion content are right and I will not be liable for any dispute arise regarding content . </li></ul><ul><li>All right reserved to author @ ONKAR SINGH </li></ul><ul><li>signature </li></ul><ul><li>dated on 22 sep,2009 </li></ul><ul><li>for further detail contact : [email_address] </li></ul>
  24. 24. Thank you :