THE FRENCH REVOLUTION
<ul><li>First Estate : Clergy, own  </li></ul><ul><li>land & tax exempt (.5%) </li></ul><ul><li>Second Estate:  Nobles,  <...
<ul><li>Third Estate : 98% of pop, pay all taxes, own no land </li></ul><ul><li>Includes peasants & </li></ul><ul><li>Bour...
<ul><li>Many problems:  </li></ul><ul><li>Bad harvests, rising food prices, lack of  food & clothes, little manufacturing,...
<ul><li>Louis XVI meets w/  Estates General ( a gathering of representatives from all three estates )  to raise taxes.   <...
<ul><li>Each estate gets ONE vote so 3 rd  asks for a vote from each person.  </li></ul><ul><li>3 rd  wants to get rid of ...
<ul><li>3 rd  Estate meets 6/17/1789 & calls itself  National Assembly </li></ul><ul><li>Swear  TENNIS COURT OATH  to writ...
<ul><li>July 14 th , 1789 mob storms  Bastille , (prison in Paris) after Louis XVI uses troops against National Assembly. ...
<ul><li>When peasant rebellions break out, </li></ul><ul><li>National Assembly meets on Aug. 4 th , 1789 & abolish rights ...
<ul><li>Aug 26, 1789, adopt  Declaration of the Rights of Man  which gave   basic liberties for  MEN  such as: equal right...
<ul><li>Louis XVI says no.  </li></ul><ul><li>Armed women march & force family to Paris </li></ul>
<ul><li>New constitution written 1791 by  Three Estates. </li></ul><ul><li>Creates Legislative Assembly  </li></ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>Lower classes say no b/c they can’t vote  </li></ul><ul><li>King flees & is caught.  </li></ul><ul><li>Aus & Pruss...
<ul><li>1792 radical groups called  COMMUNES  organize to protest new Constitution  </li></ul><ul><li>Paris Commune , gets...
<ul><li>Made up of mostly poor working class men called themselves  SANS-COULOTTES  (those w/o fine clothes. Wore pants)  ...
<ul><li>At National Convention, New Minister of Justice,  Georges Danton  goes after royal supporters. </li></ul><ul><li>1...
<ul><li>DO NOT WRITE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Sept 1792:  National Convention is ruling body.  </li></ul><ul><li>M...
<ul><li>King guillotined 1793 </li></ul><ul><li>Other nations go to war against  France   ( Aus, Pru, SP, Br, Port, Rus )....
<ul><li>DON’T WRITE! </li></ul><ul><li>Also killed Louis’ wife,  Marie Antoinette .   </li></ul><ul><li>Famous for her exc...
<ul><li>Nat Convention gives the  COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC SAFETY  broad powers to do anything  & protect France from enemies o...
<ul><li>MAXIMILLAIN ROBESPIERRE  ran the CPS along with DANTON (1793-94) </li></ul>
<ul><li>This was  Called the Reign of Terror. </li></ul>
<ul><li>France built a huge army, pushing back its enemies. </li></ul><ul><li>National Convention guillotined Robespierre ...
<ul><li>Don’t write!  </li></ul><ul><li>5 directors act as executive committee called  DIRECTORY.  Very   Corrupt </li></ul>
NAPOLEON   BONAPARTE
<ul><li>Napoleon led  COUP DE TAT  (or sudden overthrow) in 1799 of Directory </li></ul>
<ul><li>Set up new govt called  CONSULATE.   </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon is consul & controls army, foreign affairs & legis...
 
<ul><li>Made agreement w/ Catholic church  </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize it as church of France & in return pope did not ask...
<ul><li>The Napoleonic Code created 7 codes of law.  </li></ul><ul><li>CIVIL CODE  most important. – equality of citizens,...
<ul><li>Despotism:  </li></ul><ul><li>1. hurt women’s rights & divorce.  </li></ul><ul><li>2. Censored  newspapers,  govt ...
<ul><li>DO NOT WRITE!!!! </li></ul><ul><li>When Nap became Consul, he signed peace,  </li></ul><ul><li>War begins again in...
<ul><li>Built  GRAND EMPIRE  btw 1807-1812 which included Fr & Italy, Holland, Swiss Republic, SP, Rhine Confederation &  ...
 
<ul><li>DON”T WRITE!!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Nap tries to invade GB,  but navy defeats Nap at Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. </...
<ul><li>Invades Russia in 1812  (won’t follow Cont Sys.)  </li></ul><ul><li>Grand Army of 600,000 march in. </li></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>Find  Moscow in flames in Winter. Nap retreats & only 40,000 men live. </li></ul>
NAPOLEON RETREATS
Stop throwing snowballs at my men!
<ul><li>DO NOT WRITE!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Nations rise against a weakened France. </li></ul><ul><li>Paris taken in Mar 181...
<ul><li>With troops on his side claims self  emperor & goes  to Paris Mar 20, 1815.  </li></ul><ul><li>Nations  rise  </li...
<ul><li>At  Battle of Waterloo , June 18, 1815 Nap defeated by  Duke  Wellington  & exiled to St Helena (dies there) </li>...
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The French Revolution

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The French Revolution

  1. 1. THE FRENCH REVOLUTION
  2. 2. <ul><li>First Estate : Clergy, own </li></ul><ul><li>land & tax exempt (.5%) </li></ul><ul><li>Second Estate: Nobles, </li></ul><ul><li>govt positions, military, </li></ul><ul><li>courts & church </li></ul><ul><li>officials. </li></ul><ul><li>Tax exempt . (1.5%) </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Third Estate : 98% of pop, pay all taxes, own no land </li></ul><ul><li>Includes peasants & </li></ul><ul><li>Bourgeoisie –middle class (drs Merchants, lawyers, writers </li></ul><ul><li>upset w/ nobles ) </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Many problems: </li></ul><ul><li>Bad harvests, rising food prices, lack of food & clothes, little manufacturing, govt spending money on wars, luxuries . </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Louis XVI meets w/ Estates General ( a gathering of representatives from all three estates ) to raise taxes. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Each estate gets ONE vote so 3 rd asks for a vote from each person. </li></ul><ul><li>3 rd wants to get rid of tax exempt. </li></ul><ul><li>King says no & locks palaces so 3 rd cant meet. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>3 rd Estate meets 6/17/1789 & calls itself National Assembly </li></ul><ul><li>Swear TENNIS COURT OATH to write new Fr constitution </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>July 14 th , 1789 mob storms Bastille , (prison in Paris) after Louis XVI uses troops against National Assembly. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>When peasant rebellions break out, </li></ul><ul><li>National Assembly meets on Aug. 4 th , 1789 & abolish rights of landlords, Church tithes & tax exemptions </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Aug 26, 1789, adopt Declaration of the Rights of Man which gave basic liberties for MEN such as: equal rights, freedom of press, speech & no tax exempt. (enlightenment ideas) </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Louis XVI says no. </li></ul><ul><li>Armed women march & force family to Paris </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>New constitution written 1791 by Three Estates. </li></ul><ul><li>Creates Legislative Assembly </li></ul><ul><li>Men who paid certain amt in taxes could vote (2/3 of pop). </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Lower classes say no b/c they can’t vote </li></ul><ul><li>King flees & is caught. </li></ul><ul><li>Aus & Prussia want Louis back in power, so Leg Assembly declare </li></ul><ul><li>war (big losses). </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>1792 radical groups called COMMUNES organize to protest new Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Paris Commune , gets king, & forces Legislative Assembly to call for National Convention w/ universel suffrage (all vote) </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Made up of mostly poor working class men called themselves SANS-COULOTTES (those w/o fine clothes. Wore pants) </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>At National Convention, New Minister of Justice, Georges Danton goes after royal supporters. </li></ul><ul><li>1000s murdered. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>DO NOT WRITE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Sept 1792: National Convention is ruling body. </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly lawyers & property owners who distrust king. </li></ul><ul><li>Spilt into 2 groups over what to do w/ king. </li></ul><ul><li>Both part of JACOBINS - a network of political groups. GIRONDINS - keep king alive. MOUNTAIN - Kill king </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>King guillotined 1793 </li></ul><ul><li>Other nations go to war against France ( Aus, Pru, SP, Br, Port, Rus ). </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>DON’T WRITE! </li></ul><ul><li>Also killed Louis’ wife, Marie Antoinette . </li></ul><ul><li>Famous for her excess & for saying “ let them eat cake ” </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Nat Convention gives the COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC SAFETY broad powers to do anything & protect France from enemies of the Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Prosecuted enemies of rev & 40,000 die , 16,000 by guillotine alone ) </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>MAXIMILLAIN ROBESPIERRE ran the CPS along with DANTON (1793-94) </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>This was Called the Reign of Terror. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>France built a huge army, pushing back its enemies. </li></ul><ul><li>National Convention guillotined Robespierre in 1794. </li></ul><ul><li>Middle class took over & reduce power of CPS. They set up new Constitution w/ a new leg assembly of 2 houses. </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Don’t write! </li></ul><ul><li>5 directors act as executive committee called DIRECTORY. Very Corrupt </li></ul>
  25. 25. NAPOLEON BONAPARTE
  26. 26. <ul><li>Napoleon led COUP DE TAT (or sudden overthrow) in 1799 of Directory </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>Set up new govt called CONSULATE. </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon is consul & controls army, foreign affairs & legislature. </li></ul><ul><li>Crowns self Emperor in 1804, but </li></ul><ul><li>called France </li></ul><ul><li>a republic </li></ul>
  28. 29. <ul><li>Made agreement w/ Catholic church </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize it as church of France & in return pope did not ask for stolen lands back. </li></ul>
  29. 30. <ul><li>The Napoleonic Code created 7 codes of law. </li></ul><ul><li>CIVIL CODE most important. – equality of citizens, religious toleration, abolish serfdom, choose profession. </li></ul><ul><li>(ideas of liberty) </li></ul>
  30. 31. <ul><li>Despotism: </li></ul><ul><li>1. hurt women’s rights & divorce. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Censored newspapers, govt opened mail </li></ul><ul><li>3. Secret police </li></ul><ul><li>4. New nobles mostly military & middle class . </li></ul>
  31. 32. <ul><li>DO NOT WRITE!!!! </li></ul><ul><li>When Nap became Consul, he signed peace, </li></ul><ul><li>War begins again in 1803 </li></ul><ul><li>Btw 1805-1807, Nap beats Aus, Prus, & Rus armies. </li></ul>
  32. 33. <ul><li>Built GRAND EMPIRE btw 1807-1812 which included Fr & Italy, Holland, Swiss Republic, SP, Rhine Confederation & Warsaw </li></ul>
  33. 35. <ul><li>DON”T WRITE!!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Nap tries to invade GB, but navy defeats Nap at Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. </li></ul><ul><li>Tries to block trade of Brit to Euro through CONTINENTAL SYSTEM (can’t buy/sell Br goods) </li></ul><ul><li>other states still did. </li></ul>
  34. 36. <ul><li>Invades Russia in 1812 (won’t follow Cont Sys.) </li></ul><ul><li>Grand Army of 600,000 march in. </li></ul><ul><li>Rus army retreats 100s of miles, burning own villages as, so French can’t </li></ul><ul><li>get supplies. </li></ul>
  35. 37. <ul><li>Find Moscow in flames in Winter. Nap retreats & only 40,000 men live. </li></ul>
  36. 38. NAPOLEON RETREATS
  37. 39. Stop throwing snowballs at my men!
  38. 40. <ul><li>DO NOT WRITE!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Nations rise against a weakened France. </li></ul><ul><li>Paris taken in Mar 1814 </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon exiled to Elba & monarchy restored </li></ul><ul><li>Louis XVIII weak. </li></ul><ul><li>Nap escapes & troops join his side despite being sent to capture him </li></ul>
  39. 41. <ul><li>With troops on his side claims self emperor & goes to Paris Mar 20, 1815. </li></ul><ul><li>Nations rise </li></ul><ul><li>again to get rid </li></ul><ul><li>of Nap. </li></ul>
  40. 42. <ul><li>At Battle of Waterloo , June 18, 1815 Nap defeated by Duke Wellington & exiled to St Helena (dies there) </li></ul>

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