INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
<ul><li>Why did it begin in Great Britain? </li></ul><ul><li>Farming   (more land new crops, better food) </li></ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>3. British had money or  CAPITAL  to invest. </li></ul><ul><li>4. ENTREPRENEURS:  businessmen who want new opportu...
<ul><li>5.  natural resources such as  coal, iron, &  water for power & shipping. </li></ul><ul><li>6. Colonies create mar...
<ul><li>1765: .  James Hargreaves -invented spinning jenny- makes thread. Cotton industry grows!! </li></ul>
Other inventions: <ul><li>1775: James Watt-  improved steam engine- run machines, faster transportation </li></ul>
<ul><li>Edmund Cartwright -  water powered loom - factories next to rivers, weaves cloth </li></ul>
COAL & IRON <ul><li>Henry Cort   invents  PUDDLING - process to burn away impurities in iron to make hi quality iron   </l...
<ul><li>1804: Robert Trevithick   1 st  steam locomotive </li></ul><ul><li>Built 100s miles of RR </li></ul><ul><li>New tr...
 
<ul><li>Robert Fulton  credited w/  Clermont , 1 st  steamboat </li></ul>
<ul><li>Factories built. </li></ul><ul><li>Owners have shifts to run machines constantly. </li></ul><ul><li>Employees work...
<ul><li>Fined & beaten  for being late  </li></ul><ul><li>Many workers were kids (young as 5)  who worked 12-16 hr days, l...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
<ul><li>INDUSTRIAL CAPITALISM - an eco system based on industrial production  – </li></ul><ul><li>New classes developed as...
<ul><li>NEW MIDDLE CLASS  were p eople who built factories,  </li></ul><ul><li>bought  </li></ul><ul><li>machines  </li></...
<ul><li>Industrial Working Class - factory workers. </li></ul><ul><li>Worked 12-16 hr days, 6 days a weeks </li></ul><ul><...
LABOR RULES  <ul><li>DON’T WRITE!!!!!!!!!! </li></ul><ul><li>People often locked in. </li></ul><ul><li>Mills & mines worst...
<ul><li>Society changed: </li></ul><ul><li>Most factory laborers were farmers.  </li></ul><ul><li>2/3 were women & kids.  ...
<ul><li>Women paid ½ & were 50% of factory laborers.  </li></ul><ul><li>Many also work out of home (called a  COTTAGE INDU...
 
NORTH AMERICA <ul><li>DON’T WRITE </li></ul><ul><li>btw 1800-1860 Us pop grew from 5 mil to 30 mil </li></ul><ul><li>canal...
<ul><li>City growth factors include: </li></ul><ul><li>Pop doubles in Europe. (266 mil)  </li></ul><ul><li>Less wars, dise...
EUROPE BY 1815
 
<ul><li>Living conditions poor in cities </li></ul><ul><li>Rats, trash, disease, sewage poor sanitation </li></ul>
<ul><li>Conditions worsen  </li></ul><ul><li>socialism  grows: Idea that govt (society), should take  control of means of ...
REVOLUTIONS OF 1848
 
<ul><li>GB, AUS, PRU, RUS meet Sept 1814 for peace settlement at  CONGRESS OF VIENNA </li></ul><ul><li>Led by  Klemens Von...
<ul><li>Principle of  Legitimacy - restore monarchies to power  </li></ul><ul><li>Divide territories so that so no one too...
<ul><li>adopt  PRINCIPLE of INTERVENTION - right to send in armies  if rev occurs.  But Britain refused </li></ul>
<ul><li>New ideas: </li></ul><ul><li>LIBRALISM -idea people should be free from govt restraint (freedom of speech, separat...
<ul><li>NATIONALISM-   a unique cultural identity of a people based on a common language, religion, history. Often leads p...
<ul><li>GERMANY  was 38 states (German Confederation)  </li></ul><ul><li>Rulers promise new constitutions & meet as Frankf...
SECOND INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
<ul><li>DON’T WRITE!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Second Industrial Rev lasted from  1870s into 1900s. </li></ul><ul><li>1 st  rev ...
<ul><li>1. Iron replaced by steel- light, strong </li></ul><ul><li>2. electricity- heat & light, factories could run 24 hr...
NEW INVENTIONS <ul><li>telephone in 1876- Alexander Graham Bell </li></ul><ul><li>Radio- Guglielmo Marconi   </li></ul><ul...
OTHER CHANGES <ul><li>Wages increased & prices drop due to cheaper transportation & factories </li></ul>
<ul><li>Italy, Aus-Hungary, SP, Port & Rus still agricultural, not industrial .  </li></ul>
ORGANIZING THE WORKING CLASS   <ul><li>Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels  upset by factory conditions & blame industrial capita...
COMMUNIST MANIFESTO <ul><li>history is a class struggle </li></ul><ul><li>b.  Oppressors  or  Bourgeoisie  are middle clas...
COMMUNIST MANIFESTO <ul><li>c.  Oppressed  or  Proletariat   </li></ul><ul><li>are working class &  </li></ul><ul><li>depe...
KARL MARX <ul><li>e.  Proletariat will overthrow bourgeoisie & form dictatorship to organize production .  </li></ul>
KARL MARX <ul><li>f . Creates no social or economic classes or differences . </li></ul>
TRADE UNIONS <ul><li>Trade unions dev  </li></ul><ul><li>Fight to raise wages, improve conditions & earn  collective barga...
<ul><li>Top - wealthy 5% of pop own  30-40% of money </li></ul><ul><li>Middle Class - Drs, lawyers, civil servants </li></...
GROCERY STORE late 1800s
 
 
<ul><li>Women- new jobs open up. Shortage of men create jobs as clerks, secretaries, typists </li></ul><ul><li>Women work ...
FUN!!!! <ul><li>People had time & $$$$ for leisure </li></ul><ul><li>Pro sports (Reds 1869) </li></ul><ul><li>Amusement pa...
 
CONEY ISLAND
CONEY ISLAND
CONEY ISLAND
CONEY ISLAND RIDES
CONEY ISLAND RIDES
CONEY ISLAND’S 1 st  COASTER
CHIPPEWA LAKE
 
 
 
 
<ul><li>State financed schools set up for boys & girls to: </li></ul><ul><li>train labor for factories </li></ul><ul><li>I...
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Industrial Revolution 2

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Industrial Revolution 2

  1. 1. INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
  2. 2. <ul><li>Why did it begin in Great Britain? </li></ul><ul><li>Farming (more land new crops, better food) </li></ul><ul><li>Britain had many workers (pop) </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>3. British had money or CAPITAL to invest. </li></ul><ul><li>4. ENTREPRENEURS: businessmen who want new opportunities to make money. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>5. natural resources such as coal, iron, & water for power & shipping. </li></ul><ul><li>6. Colonies create markets to sell goods </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>1765: . James Hargreaves -invented spinning jenny- makes thread. Cotton industry grows!! </li></ul>
  6. 6. Other inventions: <ul><li>1775: James Watt- improved steam engine- run machines, faster transportation </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Edmund Cartwright - water powered loom - factories next to rivers, weaves cloth </li></ul>
  8. 8. COAL & IRON <ul><li>Henry Cort invents PUDDLING - process to burn away impurities in iron to make hi quality iron </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>1804: Robert Trevithick 1 st steam locomotive </li></ul><ul><li>Built 100s miles of RR </li></ul><ul><li>New trains go 50 mph </li></ul><ul><li>Creates new jobs, mkts & lowers costs </li></ul><ul><li>of shipping . </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Robert Fulton credited w/ Clermont , 1 st steamboat </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Factories built. </li></ul><ul><li>Owners have shifts to run machines constantly. </li></ul><ul><li>Employees work assembly lines, repeating same task . </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Fined & beaten for being late </li></ul><ul><li>Many workers were kids (young as 5) who worked 12-16 hr days, little pay, beaten </li></ul>
  13. 22. <ul><li>INDUSTRIAL CAPITALISM - an eco system based on industrial production – </li></ul><ul><li>New classes developed as a result </li></ul>
  14. 23. <ul><li>NEW MIDDLE CLASS were p eople who built factories, </li></ul><ul><li>bought </li></ul><ul><li>machines </li></ul><ul><li>& planned </li></ul><ul><li>markets </li></ul>
  15. 24. <ul><li>Industrial Working Class - factory workers. </li></ul><ul><li>Worked 12-16 hr days, 6 days a weeks </li></ul><ul><li>Little pay. </li></ul><ul><li>Dangerous & dirty conditions </li></ul>
  16. 25. LABOR RULES <ul><li>DON’T WRITE!!!!!!!!!! </li></ul><ul><li>People often locked in. </li></ul><ul><li>Mills & mines worst </li></ul><ul><li>Factory Act of 1833 set 9 as min age for employment & limits workday to 9 hours </li></ul>
  17. 26. <ul><li>Society changed: </li></ul><ul><li>Most factory laborers were farmers. </li></ul><ul><li>2/3 were women & kids. </li></ul><ul><li>Factories advertised for families to work. </li></ul><ul><li>(pg 366) </li></ul>
  18. 27. <ul><li>Women paid ½ & were 50% of factory laborers. </li></ul><ul><li>Many also work out of home (called a COTTAGE INDUSTRY ) doing cleaning, laundry, etc </li></ul>
  19. 29. NORTH AMERICA <ul><li>DON’T WRITE </li></ul><ul><li>btw 1800-1860 Us pop grew from 5 mil to 30 mil </li></ul><ul><li>canals & RRs link US </li></ul><ul><li>50% of people </li></ul><ul><li>live on farms </li></ul><ul><li>in US. </li></ul>
  20. 30. <ul><li>City growth factors include: </li></ul><ul><li>Pop doubles in Europe. (266 mil) </li></ul><ul><li>Less wars, diseases & better food led to growth. </li></ul><ul><li>people come to city to work in factories </li></ul>
  21. 31. EUROPE BY 1815
  22. 33. <ul><li>Living conditions poor in cities </li></ul><ul><li>Rats, trash, disease, sewage poor sanitation </li></ul>
  23. 34. <ul><li>Conditions worsen </li></ul><ul><li>socialism grows: Idea that govt (society), should take control of means of production such as factories & utilities </li></ul>
  24. 35. REVOLUTIONS OF 1848
  25. 37. <ul><li>GB, AUS, PRU, RUS meet Sept 1814 for peace settlement at CONGRESS OF VIENNA </li></ul><ul><li>Led by Klemens Von Metternich </li></ul>
  26. 38. <ul><li>Principle of Legitimacy - restore monarchies to power </li></ul><ul><li>Divide territories so that so no one too strong </li></ul><ul><li>GB, Rus, Pru Aus, </li></ul><ul><li>Fr meet </li></ul><ul><li>to keep peace </li></ul>
  27. 39. <ul><li>adopt PRINCIPLE of INTERVENTION - right to send in armies if rev occurs. But Britain refused </li></ul>
  28. 40. <ul><li>New ideas: </li></ul><ul><li>LIBRALISM -idea people should be free from govt restraint (freedom of speech, separation </li></ul><ul><li>of church & </li></ul><ul><li>state, want a constitutional </li></ul><ul><li>monarchy) </li></ul>
  29. 41. <ul><li>NATIONALISM- a unique cultural identity of a people based on a common language, religion, history. Often leads people to want own nation. Starts revolutions, upsets balance of power </li></ul>
  30. 42. <ul><li>GERMANY was 38 states (German Confederation) </li></ul><ul><li>Rulers promise new constitutions & meet as Frankfort assembly to write one. Draft it, but can’t enforce. </li></ul><ul><li>ITALY: 9 states, some owned by Austria. </li></ul><ul><li>Revolts break out to create unified Italy w/ liberal constitutions, but Austrians stop it. </li></ul>
  31. 43. SECOND INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
  32. 44. <ul><li>DON’T WRITE!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Second Industrial Rev lasted from 1870s into 1900s. </li></ul><ul><li>1 st rev focused on railroads, iron, coal, and cloth. 2nd focused on: </li></ul>
  33. 45. <ul><li>1. Iron replaced by steel- light, strong </li></ul><ul><li>2. electricity- heat & light, factories could run 24 hrs </li></ul><ul><li>3. chemicals & oil </li></ul>
  34. 46. NEW INVENTIONS <ul><li>telephone in 1876- Alexander Graham Bell </li></ul><ul><li>Radio- Guglielmo Marconi </li></ul><ul><li>3. Plane- Wright brothers </li></ul><ul><li>4. Internal combustion engine- Daimler </li></ul>
  35. 47. OTHER CHANGES <ul><li>Wages increased & prices drop due to cheaper transportation & factories </li></ul>
  36. 48. <ul><li>Italy, Aus-Hungary, SP, Port & Rus still agricultural, not industrial . </li></ul>
  37. 49. ORGANIZING THE WORKING CLASS <ul><li>Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels upset by factory conditions & blame industrial capitalism. </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote in Communist Manifesto that : </li></ul>
  38. 50. COMMUNIST MANIFESTO <ul><li>history is a class struggle </li></ul><ul><li>b. Oppressors or Bourgeoisie are middle class who own means of production (land, $$$) & control govt </li></ul>
  39. 51. COMMUNIST MANIFESTO <ul><li>c. Oppressed or Proletariat </li></ul><ul><li>are working class & </li></ul><ul><li>depend on oppressor </li></ul><ul><li>d. Huge struggle </li></ul><ul><li>will occur w/ </li></ul><ul><li>violent </li></ul><ul><li>revolution </li></ul>
  40. 52. KARL MARX <ul><li>e. Proletariat will overthrow bourgeoisie & form dictatorship to organize production . </li></ul>
  41. 53. KARL MARX <ul><li>f . Creates no social or economic classes or differences . </li></ul>
  42. 54. TRADE UNIONS <ul><li>Trade unions dev </li></ul><ul><li>Fight to raise wages, improve conditions & earn collective bargaining - negotiate btw worker & employer </li></ul>
  43. 55. <ul><li>Top - wealthy 5% of pop own 30-40% of money </li></ul><ul><li>Middle Class - Drs, lawyers, civil servants </li></ul><ul><li>Lower-middle class- shopkeepers </li></ul><ul><li>Lower class - sales people, secretaries . </li></ul><ul><li>Working class - 80% of pop (servants, farmers) </li></ul>
  44. 56. GROCERY STORE late 1800s
  45. 59. <ul><li>Women- new jobs open up. Shortage of men create jobs as clerks, secretaries, typists </li></ul><ul><li>Women work until marriage in working </li></ul><ul><li>class families. </li></ul><ul><li>Feminism grows. </li></ul><ul><li>Can divorce, own property, go to college </li></ul>
  46. 60. FUN!!!! <ul><li>People had time & $$$$ for leisure </li></ul><ul><li>Pro sports (Reds 1869) </li></ul><ul><li>Amusement parks & dance halls </li></ul><ul><li>open </li></ul>
  47. 62. CONEY ISLAND
  48. 63. CONEY ISLAND
  49. 64. CONEY ISLAND
  50. 65. CONEY ISLAND RIDES
  51. 66. CONEY ISLAND RIDES
  52. 67. CONEY ISLAND’S 1 st COASTER
  53. 68. CHIPPEWA LAKE
  54. 73. <ul><li>State financed schools set up for boys & girls to: </li></ul><ul><li>train labor for factories </li></ul><ul><li>Increase literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Create patriotism </li></ul>

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