New Basic Sailing Crew action   & basic procedure   March 2009 Hiro Minami
Contents <ul><li>Terminology  </li></ul><ul><li>Preparing Sailing / Before leaving port </li></ul><ul><li>Sail Structure  ...
Bow Port side  Starboard side Stern Cockpit Windward side  Leeward side Terminology 1 Wind Cockpit Steering ( rat ) Winch ...
Mast Forestay  Spin Halyard Jib Halyard Halyard creet Halyard Winch  Terminology 2
Fore stay Jib Sail ( rolled ) Furling system Jib Furling line Jib Sheet Boom Main Sail Main Sheet Terminology 3
Preparing for Sailing / Leaving a port <ul><li>Preparation for sailing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sail cover, winch cover, shou...
Sail Structure  Head Tack Clew Leech Luff Foot Head Sail  ( Jib ) Tip of Bow Top of Mast Jib Halyard Jib sheet Head Tack C...
Hoist a sail <ul><li>Main Sail </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Untie sail tie  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loose leaf lope for both (...
Wind direction and speed  <ul><li>Cockpit meters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boat Speed  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wind directi...
Sailing angles   ( relation between wind & sailing direction ) <ul><li>Position of boat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Close-hauled...
Headsail (Jib) trimming 1 <ul><li>Sailing upwind </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assume port tack closehold  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Headsail (Jib) trimming 2 <ul><li>Sailing upwind </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assume port tack closehold  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Headsail (Jib) trimming 3 Falling off ( Bearing )  <ul><li>Sailing upwind </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assume port tack closehold...
Change direction of a yacht procedure   – Tacking  <ul><li>Assume boat position is closehald   port tack ( wind from left ...
Change direction of a yacht procedure  – Jibing  <ul><li>Assume boat position is running starboard tack ( wind from right ...
Running sail Gennaker <ul><li>What’s Gennaker  </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sail for downwind </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul...
Structure of Gennaker <ul><ul><ul><li>When we hoist Gennaker, socks should be on </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>H...
Hoist Gennaker  <ul><li>Assume boat position is abeam to broadreach </li></ul><ul><li>Skipper </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ca...
Jibe with  Gennaker  <ul><li>Assume boat position is abeam to broadreach   ( starboad tack ) </li></ul><ul><li>Skipper </l...
Gennaker Down <ul><li>Assume boat position is Port tack broadreach </li></ul><ul><li>Skipper </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cal...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

New Basic Sailng1.0

2,617 views

Published on

Published in: Sports, Technology
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,617
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
94
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
95
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

New Basic Sailng1.0

  1. 1. New Basic Sailing Crew action   & basic procedure   March 2009 Hiro Minami
  2. 2. Contents <ul><li>Terminology </li></ul><ul><li>Preparing Sailing / Before leaving port </li></ul><ul><li>Sail Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Hoist Sail </li></ul><ul><li>Wind direction and speed </li></ul><ul><li>Sailing angles ( direction of wind ) </li></ul><ul><li>Head Sail trimming </li></ul><ul><li>Change direction of a yacht procedure </li></ul><ul><li>Running sail Gennaker </li></ul><ul><li>Structure of Gennaker </li></ul><ul><li>Hoist Gennaker </li></ul><ul><li>Jibe with Gennaker </li></ul><ul><li>Returning to a harbor ( docking to a port ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Appendix Seaman-ship / Tips </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Bow Port side Starboard side Stern Cockpit Windward side Leeward side Terminology 1 Wind Cockpit Steering ( rat ) Winch Pulpit Dodger Window Hatch
  4. 4. Mast Forestay Spin Halyard Jib Halyard Halyard creet Halyard Winch Terminology 2
  5. 5. Fore stay Jib Sail ( rolled ) Furling system Jib Furling line Jib Sheet Boom Main Sail Main Sheet Terminology 3
  6. 6. Preparing for Sailing / Leaving a port <ul><li>Preparation for sailing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sail cover, winch cover, should be removed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Main / Midzen halyard should be set </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Winch handles should be placed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uncoil jib sheets - > eight knot at the end </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Setting spin sheet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Leaving a port </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shore power disconnect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moring line -> store at bow storage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fender -> store at bow storage </li></ul></ul>Mast, Main sheet, cockpit x 2, Midzen
  7. 7. Sail Structure Head Tack Clew Leech Luff Foot Head Sail ( Jib ) Tip of Bow Top of Mast Jib Halyard Jib sheet Head Tack Clew Leech Luff Foot Main Sail Mast Top of Mast Main Halyard Outhaul Boom Cunningham
  8. 8. Hoist a sail <ul><li>Main Sail </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Untie sail tie </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loose leaf lope for both ( No1 and No2 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pull in Main Halyard till top of mast </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set cunninghum line at tack </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tie LazyJack to forward side </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adjust tension of outhaul </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adjust main sail sheet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jib Sail </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Untie Jib furling line </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set jib sheet to winch and wait for skipper’s call </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After skipper’s call, pull in jib sheet until jib sail trimmed </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Wind direction and speed <ul><li>Cockpit meters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boat Speed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wind direction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wind speed ( True and apparent ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Depth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SOG ( Speed Over Ground ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wind direction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Windex </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Telltail </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Sailing angles ( relation between wind & sailing direction ) <ul><li>Position of boat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Close-hauled ( upwind sail ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abeam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Broadreach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Running </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Port tack ( wind from left ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Starboard tack (wind from right ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coming up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Falling off ( Bearing ) </li></ul></ul>Wind Direction Wind direction from top to bottom
  11. 11. Headsail (Jib) trimming 1 <ul><li>Sailing upwind </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assume port tack closehold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To control wind flow for bothsides of sail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leeward side wind </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Windward side </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check “ telltail “ to see wind flow of both sides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Starboard side ( Leeward side ) Green telltail </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Port side ( Windward side ) Red telltail </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sail ease or tighten by Jib sheet </li></ul></ul>Head Clew Leech Luff Foot Tack
  12. 12. Headsail (Jib) trimming 2 <ul><li>Sailing upwind </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assume port tack closehold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wind from portside ( left side ) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Windward flow </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leeward flow </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If Windward side telltail fails </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Windward flow is not right </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pulling in jib sail </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If Leeward side telltail fails </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leeward flow is not right </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ease jib sail </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Headsail (Jib) trimming 3 Falling off ( Bearing ) <ul><li>Sailing upwind </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assume port tack closehold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Make sure jib and mailsail trimmed well </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wind flow for windward and leeward are smooth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If not trimmer should adjust sail </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skipper calls Bearing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Skipper start steer yacht to leeward slowly </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>mail sail trimmer ease mainsail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jim trimmer ease jibsail </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Change direction of a yacht procedure – Tacking <ul><li>Assume boat position is closehald   port tack ( wind from left side ) </li></ul><ul><li>Skipper </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Check if cockpit is ready for Tacking </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Call “ Tacking “ and start steering yacht to windward </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keep steering yacht </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stop steering when yacht position get Closehold ( port tack ) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Jib sail trimmer windward ( port ) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Set winch handle and let Skipper know you are ready </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ready for pull in Jib sheet with two crew ( winch and sheet hold ) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wait jib sheet leeward side released then pulling in jib sheet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pulling in jib sheet until both side of telltail get right wind flow </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Jib sail trimmer leeward ( starboard ) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hold jib sheet by hand and let Skipper know you are ready </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wait yacht bow toward wind direction ( Jib sail start recieving back wind ) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>When bow start steering to leeward side, release jib sheet completely </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Support/help windward side crew </li></ul></ul></ul>Tacking completed
  15. 15. Change direction of a yacht procedure – Jibing <ul><li>Assume boat position is running starboard tack ( wind from right side ) </li></ul><ul><li>Skipper </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Check if cockpit is ready for jibing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Call “ jibe “ and start steering yacht to leeward </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Make sure boom reach to center, steer yacht from dead running to starboard running </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stop steering when yacht position is starboard running </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Main Sail trimmer </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jib sail trimmer can handle main sail sheet as well </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pulling in main sheet as quick as possible till boom reach center position </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>When yacht steer to starboard, ease main sheet gradually </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adjust main sail sheet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Jib sail trimmer windward ( port ) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trimming jib sail and be ready for jibe </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ease jib sheet to trim jib sail at last moment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Release jib sheet completely </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Help other crew </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Jib sail trimmer leeward ( starboard ) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Set winch handle and set jib sheet to winch </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wait for jib sheet ( port side ) released </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pulling in jib sheet to trim jib sail </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trim jib sheet to adjust jib sail right position </li></ul></ul></ul>Jibing completed
  16. 16. Running sail Gennaker <ul><li>What’s Gennaker </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sail for downwind </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Easy handling ( without spinpole ) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Head – Spin Halyard To mast head </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tack - Bow split line </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clew – Spin sheet to cockpit ( Port & Starboard ) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Socks make easy to hoist and drop </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hoist with socks on then socks down </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Structure of Gennaker <ul><ul><ul><li>When we hoist Gennaker, socks should be on </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Head – Spin Halyard To mast head </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tack - Bow split line </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clew – Spin sheet to cockpit ( Port & Starboard ) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Socks is controlled by two blue lines </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Hoist Gennaker <ul><li>Assume boat position is abeam to broadreach </li></ul><ul><li>Skipper </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Call “ Gennaker Set “ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Call “ Hoist “ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keep yacht direction straight </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Bow man </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bring Gennaker bag to bow and set Tack and Crew </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Support Gennaker going out from a sail bag </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Check all lines are clear then go back to cockpit </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Mast man </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Take spin halyard line to head of Gennaker </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pull in Spin Halyard to top </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Then Socks up by blue line </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Check all lines are clear then go back to cockpit </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Cockpit ( Spin sheet trimmer ) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Make sure spin sheets are not tangled </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Farling jib line to fold jib sail and trim Gennaker by spin sheet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fly Gennaker as far as you can </li></ul></ul></ul>Hoist Gennaker completed
  19. 19. Jibe with Gennaker <ul><li>Assume boat position is abeam to broadreach   ( starboad tack ) </li></ul><ul><li>Skipper </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Call “ preparing for Jibe “ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Call “ Jibe “ and steer a yacht to leeward </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>When Gennaker clew fly further than forestay, steer bow to left ( windward ) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keep steer slowly till right direction ( now yacht is port tack ) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Main Sail Trimmer </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pulling in main sheet until boom reach to center position </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Watch out boom movement and prepare for jibe </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Check boom go to starboard then start ease main sheet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ease main sheet until main sail reach right position </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Bow man </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Go bow and check spin sheet from starboard is clear </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Check starboard side spin sheet are outside of forestay </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Support Gennaker movement to clear forestay </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Check all sheet clear ( especially port spin sheet ) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Cockpit ( Spin sheet trimmer port ) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trim spin sheet ( port ) to keep Gennaker fly </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ease spin sheet to fly Gennaker as far </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>After make sure Gennaker clew clear forestay, release spinsheet ( port ) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stand port side to check luff of Gennaker to trim it </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Cockpit ( Spin sheet trimmer starboard ) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pulling in jib sheet to set jib about 6 feet ( avoid Gennaker tangle ) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Put starboad spin sheet on winch to prepare jibe </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>After Gennaker clew goes starboad side, start pulling in spinsheet ( Starboard ) to fly Gennaker </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Take care starboard winch with spin sheet- work with starboad crew </li></ul></ul></ul>Jibing Gennaker completed
  20. 20. Gennaker Down <ul><li>Assume boat position is Port tack broadreach </li></ul><ul><li>Skipper </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Call “ Prepare for Gennaker Down “ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Call “ Gennaker socks down “ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To make sure socks down then call Gennaker down </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Bow man </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Going bow and prepare for Gennaker Down </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pulling in socks line to down socks all the way to bottom </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Work with Mast man to bring Gennaker down </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Mast man </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Take Socks line for socks down </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Work with Bow Man to sock down </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Release Spin Halyard to down Gennaker </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Check all lines are clear then go back to cockpit </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Cockpit ( Spin sheet trimmer ) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Release Jib furler line and pulling in Jib to open it </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Easing spin sheet to help socks down </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trim Jib sheet to keep boat speed </li></ul></ul></ul>Gennaker Down completed

×