POLITICS OF
                            FRAGMENTATION AND
                            SIGNIFICATION
by Anders Utbult      ...
This presentation is based on:

   Postmodernism by Glenn Ward (mainly chapter 8)
   Poststructuralism by Catherine Bels...
We will discuss:
   What changes could be seen in ideology in a
    postmodern society?
   How can these changes affect ...
Ideology & Postmodernism
The fragmentation of ideology
   Jean-François Lyotard (1979):
    ”The fall of the grand metanarrative”
     No one sin...
A Structured Belief System

                    Issue
                   opinion




                  Structuring
       ...
A Hierarchial Belief System


                                     Structuring
                                      princ...
A Fractured Belief System?


           Specific                  Specific Issue
            Issue

    General orientatio...
Increased access to politics
It is easier and cheaper to…
 …gain information

     National/international

     Science...
Changing the shape of politics

”Modern” politics                ”Postmodern” politics

   Focuses on unifying          ...
Introduction to Sweden
Sweden in brief

   Highly developed, democratic society
   9 million people, 85% in urban areas
   Neutral, part of th...
Swedish politics

   Parliamentary, representative democracy
   Social democratic 1932-1976, 1982-1991
   Taxes and reg...
The Pirate Party
Background
   Founded in 2006 by IT-entrepreneur Rick Falkvinge
   Created its first party program through debate
    fo...
Main focus of the party
   Three areas:
     ”Shared  culture” - Copyright
     ”Free knowledge” - Patents

     ”Prot...
Differences compared to other parties

Established parties                 The Pirate Party

   Focus on many/all areas o...
The Pirate Party and Ideology


                 Issue                      Issue
    Individual
                         ...
Signifying the new
   Knowledge: Technical, statistical, communicational
     Often:     Young, alternative, well inform...
Ways of communication
   Blog networking – affecting media
     Constantly   commenting
   Mocking, parodizing lack of ...
The Pirate Party on the Streets
Pluralism, but with common signs
”Party leader”
Together with openess, easy access and easy participation:
Signifying the open organisation
Team member or supporter?
Top left: High members of the Pirate Party
Top right: A Swedish hobby soccer team
Bottom: ”Becom...
Troubles ohoy?
   Success in European election – low support in
    national politics
   Other parties catching up?
    ...
Questions for debate:
   Does society’s view on ideology change with events?
     Financial crisis leading to quest for ...
This presentation is avaliable at:



           http://korta.nu/pomo
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The Pirate Party & Postmodern Politics

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A brief view of post modern politics, fragmented ideology and how they can be approached.
Drawing from examples from the Swedish Pirate Party (Piratpartiet)

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The Pirate Party & Postmodern Politics

  1. 1. POLITICS OF FRAGMENTATION AND SIGNIFICATION by Anders Utbult ideological change and non-verbal communication (anders.utbult@gmail.com) in the Swedish Pirate Party
  2. 2. This presentation is based on:  Postmodernism by Glenn Ward (mainly chapter 8)  Poststructuralism by Catherine Belsey  Citizen Politics by Russel J. Dalton (chapter 2)  Pirate Party-material from:  Blogs  Flickr  Wikis
  3. 3. We will discuss:  What changes could be seen in ideology in a postmodern society?  How can these changes affect the role of the political party?  How can this new situation be adressed by the political parties? In the context of The Pirate Party and the Swedish society and political system
  4. 4. Ideology & Postmodernism
  5. 5. The fragmentation of ideology  Jean-François Lyotard (1979): ”The fall of the grand metanarrative”  No one single ”truth”  No universal ethics?  The decline of class war and other boundaries  Rise of individual issues, niche-politics  Nationalism replaced by multi-culturalism, cosmopolitanism – ”the globalized identity”
  6. 6. A Structured Belief System Issue opinion Structuring Issue Issue opinion principle opinion (ideology) Issue opinion Source: ”Figure 2.1 Model of a Structured Belief System” Dalton 2006, p.17
  7. 7. A Hierarchial Belief System Structuring principle General General General orientation orientation orientation Specific Specific Specific Specific Specific Specific issue issue issue issue issue issue Source: ”Figure 2.4 A Hierarchical Model of Beliefs” Dalton 2006, p.28
  8. 8. A Fractured Belief System? Specific Specific Issue Issue General orientation Specific Specific Issue Specific Issue Issue
  9. 9. Increased access to politics It is easier and cheaper to…  …gain information  National/international  Science, statistics  …participate  Writing, blogging, commenting  …organize  Reduced lag …but also a feeling of ”too much”?
  10. 10. Changing the shape of politics ”Modern” politics ”Postmodern” politics  Focuses on unifying  Focus on a diversity of individuals with different wievs and accepts them priorities  Is based on ideology/a  Don’t believe in a single grand narrative truth  Uses traditional forums  Focus on openess – self of public debate analysing  Uses one-way communication  Is interactive
  11. 11. Introduction to Sweden
  12. 12. Sweden in brief  Highly developed, democratic society  9 million people, 85% in urban areas  Neutral, part of the European Union  ”Talent, technology, tolerance”
  13. 13. Swedish politics  Parliamentary, representative democracy  Social democratic 1932-1976, 1982-1991  Taxes and regulations – strong welfare state Alliance for Sweden The Red-Greens  The Moderate Party  The Social Democrats  The Centre Party  The Left Party  The Liberal Party  The Green Party  The Christian Democrats
  14. 14. The Pirate Party
  15. 15. Background  Founded in 2006 by IT-entrepreneur Rick Falkvinge  Created its first party program through debate forums on the internet  Gained popularity through debates concerning:  FRA – surveillance of internet communication  IPRED – copyright infringement law  The Pirate Bay – sharing content on the internet  Won 7,1% of the votes in the election for the European parliament in June 2009
  16. 16. Main focus of the party  Three areas:  ”Shared culture” - Copyright  ”Free knowledge” - Patents  ”Protected private life” – Surveillance & Integrity  No views on other issues  All levels: European, national, municipal, student  Not the first party of this model – but the first to be open about their narrow scope
  17. 17. Differences compared to other parties Established parties The Pirate Party  Focus on many/all areas of  Focus only on its three specific society areas  Base their politics on a  Base their politics on common comprehensive ideology beliefs, but only in certain and/or grand idéas areas  Uses electronic communication  Uses electronic communication as a supplement to party as the main form of party activities activities  Membership costs money and  Membership is free and could is single be plural  Definable within left/right  Not definable within left/right
  18. 18. The Pirate Party and Ideology Issue Issue Individual Individual The Pirate Party Issue Individual
  19. 19. Signifying the new  Knowledge: Technical, statistical, communicational  Often: Young, alternative, well informed (example)  Openess: Finances, internal debates  Day to day blogging  Regain lost trust in the political game  Interaction & Participation  Politicsdecided through online forums  User generated content: Blogs, YouTube, Campaigns  Local inititatives without central control
  20. 20. Ways of communication  Blog networking – affecting media  Constantly commenting  Mocking, parodizing lack of knowledge  Gaining publicity by being avant-garde  Taking pride in ”not being serious” and narrow focus  Focus on participation/interaction rather than acceptance/support
  21. 21. The Pirate Party on the Streets Pluralism, but with common signs
  22. 22. ”Party leader” Together with openess, easy access and easy participation: Signifying the open organisation
  23. 23. Team member or supporter? Top left: High members of the Pirate Party Top right: A Swedish hobby soccer team Bottom: ”Become a supporter” – campaign by the Social Democrats
  24. 24. Troubles ohoy?  Success in European election – low support in national politics  Other parties catching up?  Questionsconcerning digital culture  Ways of communication/participation  No current debate?  Not ”serious” enough for national politics?  Focus on a broader perspective
  25. 25. Questions for debate:  Does society’s view on ideology change with events?  Financial crisis leading to quest for easy answers?  Is the fragmentation of ideology based on wealth or other factors?  Newly founded Pirate Party of Canada  Will they have a chance?  What national factors affect?
  26. 26. This presentation is avaliable at: http://korta.nu/pomo

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