Bibliographic Control in South Korea

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A presentation on the national bibliographic control initiatives in South Korea with special reference to the National Library of Korea. Discusssed about the legal deposit system, national bibliography, cataloguing, classification, indexing, etc.

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Bibliographic Control in South Korea

  1. 1. Bibliographic Control in South Korea W.M.T.D. Ranasinghe Assistant Librarian University of Kelaniya
  2. 2. Contents <ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><li>Bibliographic Control Initiatives in Korea </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations </li></ul>
  3. 3. Definition <ul><ul><li>Bibliographic Control (BC) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A broad term encompassing all the activities involved in creating, organizing, managing, and maintaining the file of bibliographic records representing the items held in a library or archival collection, or the sources listed in an index or database, to facilitate access to the information contained in them. </li></ul><ul><li>Bibliographic control includes the standardization of bibliographic description and subject access by means of uniform catalog code, classification systems, name authorities, and preferred headings; the creation and maintenance of catalogs, union lists, and finding aids; and the provision of physical access to the items in the collection. </li></ul><ul><li>- ODLIS </li></ul>
  4. 4. Korean Library System <ul><li>No. of Libraries : 11,754 </li></ul><ul><li>National Library: 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Public Library: 584 </li></ul><ul><li>University Libraries: 516 </li></ul><ul><li>National: 96 </li></ul><ul><li>Private: 242 </li></ul><ul><li>College: 149 </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative: 29 </li></ul><ul><li>School Libraries: 10,010 </li></ul><ul><li>Special Libraries: 663 </li></ul>
  5. 5. National Library of Korea (NLK) <ul><li>Established in : 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>NLK collection : 7.08 million (as of March 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Staff : about 250 </li></ul><ul><li>Average daily visitors : 2,300 (as of March 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Average daily cyber visitors : 6,800 (as of March 2009) </li></ul>
  6. 6. NLK activities related to BC <ul><li>Operating the Legal Deposit System </li></ul><ul><li>National Bibliography </li></ul><ul><li>Managing the Union Catalogue KOLIS-NET (Korean Library Information System – Network) </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing National Digital Library </li></ul>
  7. 7. Legal Deposit System in Korea <ul><li>Legal deposit - enacted in 1963 </li></ul><ul><li>70% NLK collection </li></ul><ul><li>2 copies are deposited </li></ul><ul><li>Compensation – for 1 copy </li></ul><ul><li>Regional representative library system (agent libraries) </li></ul><ul><li>Legal deposit rate - 95% of publications. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Korean National Bibliography (KNB) <ul><li>Published since 1963. </li></ul><ul><li>Covers only materials published in Korea. </li></ul><ul><li>Books, serials, newspapers, records, videotapes, cassette tapes, maps, slides, microform materials, magnetic tapes, CD-ROMs </li></ul><ul><li>Since 2003 - KNB online ( Korean National Bibliography Weekly) </li></ul><ul><li>Since 2005 - retrospective bibliography in DVD format ( Korean National Bibliography) </li></ul><ul><li>KNB published in print form from 1963 – 1993. </li></ul><ul><li>During next 10 years both print & CD-Rom versions existed. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Korean Decimal Classification (KDC) <ul><li>KDC – 1 st edition - 1964 </li></ul><ul><li>KDC - Oriental materials (materials written in Korean, Chinese & Japanese) </li></ul><ul><li>DDC - Western materials </li></ul>
  10. 10. Korean Decimal Classification
  11. 11. KDC – 10 Main Classes <ul><li>000 General </li></ul><ul><li>100 Philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>200 Religion </li></ul><ul><li>300 Social sciences </li></ul><ul><li>400 Natural sciences </li></ul><ul><li>500 Technology and engineering </li></ul><ul><li>600 Arts </li></ul><ul><li>700 Language </li></ul><ul><li>800 Literature </li></ul><ul><li>900 History </li></ul>
  12. 12. Korean Cataloguing Rules (KCR) <ul><li>First published – 1964 </li></ul><ul><li>4th edition – 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>KCR - Oriental materials (materials written in Korean, Chinese & Japanese) </li></ul><ul><li>AACR - Western materials </li></ul>
  13. 13. Korean Cataloguing Rules
  14. 14. NLSH <ul><li>Indexing - National Library Subject Headings (NLSH) </li></ul><ul><li>500,000 headings by 2006 </li></ul>
  15. 15. KORMARC <ul><li>http://www.nl.go.kr/kormarc/index.html </li></ul>
  16. 16. KORMARC <ul><li>In order to computerize cataloguing activities, NLK developed KORMARC in 1981 </li></ul><ul><li>It reflects characteristics of Korean publications. Example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mixed use of Korean & Chinese characters in the title </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Korean University Code/ Government Agency Code </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>KDC Classification Code </li></ul></ul><ul><li>95% of libraries nationwide applied KORMARC (by 2004) </li></ul>
  17. 17. KORMARC <ul><li>Bibliographic Data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Books : 1983 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Serials : 1984 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-Books : 1991 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Classical Works : 1992 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uniform Format : 2001 ~ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Authority Data : 1993 </li></ul><ul><li>Holdings Data : 1996-1997 </li></ul>
  18. 18. ISBN/ ISSN/ e-CIP <ul><li>Korean standard Number Center in – 1990 </li></ul><ul><li>Publishers register on NLK website </li></ul><ul><li>Provide bibliographic data </li></ul><ul><li>Download ISBN & bar-coded ISBN label </li></ul><ul><li>About 300 issues per a day </li></ul><ul><li>Downloadable CIP data (e-CIP) </li></ul>
  19. 19. http://www.nl.go.kr/isbn/
  20. 21. www.nl.go.kr/ecip
  21. 22. www.nl.go.kr/ecip
  22. 23. Bibliographic Information Cover Page MARC Data Content Page
  23. 24. OASIS <ul><li>Web archiving program - OASIS (Online Archiving & Searching Internet Sources) </li></ul><ul><li>Bibliographic Control of online sources </li></ul><ul><li>Websites and web documents </li></ul><ul><li>DCMI (Dublin Core Metadata Initiative) </li></ul><ul><li>370,000 online digital resources – Dec. 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>To introduce a legal deposit system for online resources </li></ul>
  24. 25. www.oasis.go.kr
  25. 26. www.oasis.go.kr
  26. 27. KOLIS - NET <ul><li>National Union Catalogue </li></ul><ul><li>Public libraries + Government libraries = 576 (as of 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>KOLAS (Korean Library Automation System II) </li></ul><ul><li>Bibliographic records – over 4.5 million (as of 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>Holding records - over 17.8 million (as of 2006) </li></ul>
  27. 28. http://www.nl.go.kr/kolisnet/index.php
  28. 29. Conclusions <ul><li>South Korea has a strong bibliographic control system </li></ul><ul><li>It has enabled the library services effective </li></ul><ul><li>It has enabled the library cooperation efficient </li></ul><ul><li>However, there are some deficiencies associated with bibliographic control </li></ul>
  29. 30. Recommendations <ul><li>Sound Legal deposit policy for Sri Lanka (to cover all the nations’ publication output) </li></ul><ul><li>Effective National Bibliography / National Union Catalogue </li></ul><ul><li>Authority control for local personal names, corporate names, uniform titles, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Web-based effective ISBN issuing system </li></ul><ul><li>Revised DDC numbers for Buddhism, Language, Literature </li></ul><ul><li>System to archive local online resources </li></ul>
  30. 31. Thank you!

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