Thomas

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Thomas

  1. 1. ThomasJefferson<br />Kim Harmon & Brandon Haydt<br />Period 4<br />World History Honors<br />
  2. 2. Jefferson’s Background<br />Born: April 13, 1743, in Shadwell, Virginia <br />Died: July 4, 1826, at Monticello<br />Grew up in Virginia<br />Educated from ages 9-14 by a clergyman named William Douglas.<br />Douglas taught him Greek, Latin, and French.<br />Attended the College of William and Mary<br />Well known philosopher, architect, inventor, writer, linguist, and leader.<br />
  3. 3. What was the Age of Enlightenment?<br />Revolutionary period in Europe in the 1600s.<br />period of scientific awakening.<br />Centered around Europe.<br />John Locke&apos;s book “Essay Concerning Human Understanding” (1690) started the Enlightenment.<br />Led to religious, intellectual, educational, economic, and political changes.<br />“question everything.”<br />
  4. 4. Jefferson and the Enlightenment<br />Many beliefs derived from Age of Enlightenment.<br />Was a philosopher, and was well read on literature from this time.<br />Many ideas in Declaration of Independence from Enlightenment<br />Opposed Thomas Hobbe’s views.<br />Agreed with John Locke’s and Thomas Paine’s books.<br />
  5. 5. Adopted by Congress on July 4, 1776.<br />Jefferson was principal author.<br />Many views that originated in Age of Enlightenment.<br />Contains many adaptations of John Locke’s ideas.<br />“Life, Liberty, Pursuit of Happiness” from Locke.<br />Declaration of Independence<br />
  6. 6. Jefferson’s Declaration was influential to the U.S. Constitution.<br />The Declaration was used as a reference while writing the Constitution.<br />The Constitution today is framework for our government.<br />Many ideas formed in the Enlightenment and adopted by Jefferson are included in this document.<br />American Culture and lifestyle is derived from this document.<br />United States Constitution<br />
  7. 7. &quot;What all agree upon is probably right; what no two agree in most probably is wrong.”<br />Jefferson’s Axiom<br /><ul><li>Referred to as Jefferson’s Axiom.
  8. 8. Used as framework for finding truth
  9. 9. Characterized his theology.
  10. 10. Found in a letter to John Adams dated January 11, 1817.</li></li></ul><li>Jefferson’s Inventions<br />Introduced numerous plants to the United States.<br />Designed a farm plow in 1794.<br />Developed a macaroni machine in 1787.<br />Made the Patent Act of 1790 which created the first patenting system.<br />Developed moldboard plow of least resistance.<br />Developed wheel cipher.<br />Created a sundial.<br />Designed his own clocks.<br />Developed a portable copying press.<br />Perfected the polygraph.<br />Designed automatic double doors.<br />Designed a revolving book stand.<br />Designed beds<br />Improved revolving chairs.<br />
  11. 11. Jefferson created the University of Virginia at Charlottesville.<br />Conceived by 1800.<br />Established in 1819.<br />He conceived, panned, designed, and supervised all aspects of building and creating it.<br />Jefferson’s final main accomplishment.<br />First educational institution to offer academic programs in astronomy and philosophy.<br />First university to have no religious affiliation.<br />Jefferson’s University<br />
  12. 12. Outspoken abolitionist.<br />Owned many slaves over lifetime.<br />Was too much in debt to free his slaves.<br />Trained and schooled slaves in high quality skills.<br />Tried unsuccessfully many times to abolish slaves.<br />Believed strongly in equality.<br />Emancipated his 5 best slaves after many years.<br />Jefferson Influence on Slaves<br />
  13. 13. Jefferson’s Role in Government<br />3rd President of the United States (March 4, 1801 to March 3, 1809) <br />Political party: Democratic-Republican <br />Member of Virginia House of Burgesses, 1769-74 <br />Member of Continental Congress, 1775-76 <br />Governor of Virginia, 1779-81 <br />Member of Continental Congress, 1783-85 <br />Minister to France, 1785-89 <br />Secretary of State, 1790-93 <br /> Vice President, 1797-1801<br />
  14. 14. Father of American Democracy<br />Thomas Jefferson founded the Democratic-Republican Party in 1792.<br />Was a congressional caucus to fight for the Bill of Rights and against the Federalist Party.<br />Led to Jefferson being elected as the first Democratic President of the United States.<br />Today, we have Democrat and Republican parties.<br />Greatly influenced American politics.<br />Jefferson now known as the “Father of American Democracy.”<br />
  15. 15. Jeffersonian Political Philosophy<br />Representative Democracy, where citizens should stand out against things they don’t want.<br />Financiers, bankers, and industrialists cause corruption and should be avoided<br />Said people should spread the &quot;Empire of Liberty&quot; to the world.<br />Promoted non-interventionism.<br />Stay strict to the constitution.<br />Avoid a standing army and navy.<br />Strongly wanted freedom of speech and press to prevent tyranny.<br />The federal government must respect States’ Rights.<br />Stick to the Bill of Rights.<br />Keep church and state separate.<br />Wanted economics based on agriculture rather than industry.<br />
  16. 16. Citations<br />Document. Sullivan-Country. Jeremy Koselak, n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2010. &lt;http://www.sullivan-county.com/deism/index.htm&gt;.<br />Flickr. Yahoo Inc., 2010. Web. 13 Jan. 2010. <br /> &lt;http://www.flickr.com&gt;.<br />Changing Minds. Syque, 2002-2009. Web. 13 Jan. 2010. &lt;http://changingminds.org/explanations/ research/articles/enlightenment.htm&gt;.<br />Bober, Natalie S., ed. Thomas Jefferson: Draftsman of a Nation. N.p.: University of Virginia Press, 2007. Print.<br />US History. Independence Hall Association, 1999-2010. Web. 13 Jan. 2010. &lt;http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/&gt;. <br />Ealy, Steven.&quot;Robert Penn Warren on Thomas Jefferson on Human Nature&quot; Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southwestern Political Science Association, New Orleans, LA, Fairmont Hotel, Mar 23, 2005 &lt;Not Available&gt;. 2009-05-25 &lt;http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p88775_index.html&gt;.<br />Lockridge, Kenneth A. On the Sources of Patriarchal Rage: The Commonplace Books of William Byrd and Thomas Jefferson and the Gendering of Power in the Eighteenth Century. NY: NY UP, 1992.<br />

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