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Child Abuse[1]


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Child Abuse[1]

  1. 1. Child abuse casts a shadow the length of a lifetime.   -Herbert Ward  Child Abuse By: Rob Roy, Toby Punton, Len Metro, Julius Grosz
  2. 2. <ul><li>It is everyone’s legal obligation to protect children. The responsibility involves identifying and reporting a child who is or might be in need of protection.  </li></ul><ul><li>Any individual who suspects child abuse should report it (this includes any staff in the building – EA’s, resource, teachers, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Consultation with others in authority is strongly advised (example – student teachers, volunteers) </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>DO: </li></ul><ul><li>Thank the child for telling you and reassure the child that you like him/her and that you care about her/him </li></ul><ul><li>Tell the child that you understand what has been disclosed </li></ul><ul><li>Tell the child that help is needed to deal with the problem and YOU will get the help </li></ul><ul><li>Tell the child that you will be available for support </li></ul><ul><li>DON’T: </li></ul><ul><li>Display anger or disgust at the abuse or abuser </li></ul><ul><li>Ask leading questions, many children will agree with a leading question simply to please the adult </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the child may unconsciously incorporate the information without realizing it did not occur in their experience </li></ul></ul>REMEMBER IS IT THE ROLE OF STAFF TO SUPPORT AND REPORT, NOT INTERVIEW AND INVESTIGATE.
  4. 4. <ul><li>In the last 10 years the number of reported cases of child abuse has increased dramatically. It is assumed that this has occurred because we have become more skilled in noting the indicators of abuse. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>ABUSED CHILD </li></ul><ul><li>hungry or dirty and dressed in clothes inappropriate for the weather </li></ul><ul><li>untreated physical problems </li></ul><ul><li>appears consistently tired </li></ul><ul><li>demands greater than normal attention from teacher </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>ABUSED CHILD </li></ul><ul><li>poor self-image or inhibited in play </li></ul><ul><li>shows age inappropriate behaviour – acts older or younger </li></ul><ul><li>poor social relationships with peers or adults </li></ul><ul><li>cognitive or emotional developmental lag </li></ul><ul><li>ABUSIVE PARENT </li></ul><ul><li>belittles child in public </li></ul><ul><li>withholds comfort from child </li></ul><ul><li>describes child in negative terms (stupid, bad, trouble-maker) </li></ul><ul><li>expects child to assume the role of another adult figure </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>ABUSED CHILD </li></ul><ul><li>has injuries or marks that are unexplained </li></ul><ul><li>shies away from physical contact </li></ul><ul><li>wears clothing to cover injuries </li></ul><ul><li>afraid to go home </li></ul><ul><li>fearful of adults </li></ul><ul><li>distressed at having to explain an injury </li></ul><ul><li>behaves in either a demanding, aggressive, or disruptive manner </li></ul><ul><li>is frequently absent with signs of a healing injury upon returning </li></ul><ul><li>ABUSIVE PARENT </li></ul><ul><li>defensive and angry when asked about child’s injury </li></ul><ul><li>is under stress and shows signs of losing control </li></ul><ul><li>unrealistic expectations of child </li></ul><ul><li>offers unconvincing explanations of child’s injury </li></ul><ul><li>does not seek medical attention following child’s injury </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>ABUSED CHILD </li></ul><ul><li>frequently complains of abdominal pain and genital discomfort </li></ul><ul><li>displays sexual behaviour, sometimes beyond their developmental level </li></ul><ul><li>displays behaviour suggested of fear or trauma including wetting </li></ul><ul><li>may experience sudden changes in mood/behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>ABUSIVE PARENT </li></ul><ul><li>makes sexual comments to or about the child or blames child for being seductive </li></ul><ul><li>discourages social contact between the child and adults </li></ul><ul><li>inappropriate sleeping arrangements in the home </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Document any suspicion in an objective manner </li></ul><ul><li>Things to include when documenting are: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Date and time of entry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Full name of child </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Signature of person making the entry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Description of injury (include shape, size, colour, and location on body) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Drastic changes or chronic problems with behaviour </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Direct quotes from the child </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>If you have reasonable cause to believe that a child is or might be in need of protection, immediately contact a child protection agency. The agency will then: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Confirm that a formal report should be made </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Consult with the teacher and suggest further monitoring and documentation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>YOU CAN INFORM YOUR ADMINISTRATION OF THIS BEFORE OR AFTER YOU CALL CFS, BUT YOU STILL MUST MAKE THE CALL. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>The quickest way to report a suspicion is to phone a Child and Family Services Agency. </li></ul><ul><li>When you make the call, be sure to include the following information: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>record the individual’s name as well as time and date of your call </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>provide CFS with information of the child (name, address, etc) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>nature of the suspected concern (include documentation) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>your name, professional address, daytime phone number, and relationship to the child </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>After the phone call, fill out a report form with your principal. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>No person, staff and/or CFS worker, shall disclose or communicate information from the record in any form to any person </li></ul><ul><li>However... </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If a parent/guardian requests to see their child’s school file, this information is available. Faced with the documentation, the identity of the reporter would be revealed. This contradicts the confidentiality in the policy and, we feel, should be improved. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Failure to report by any professional can have two serious consequences: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the child goes unprotected and sustains further abuse </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the educator can face both legal and professional penalties </li></ul></ul></ul>