The Puzzle of Povery

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The Puzzle of Povery

  1. The Puzzle of Poverty By: Deborah Crawford Rhonda Gillett Ronda Hamilton Karen Watkins
  2. What is it? Do you REALLY know? <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. usccb . org/cchd/povertyusa/tour . htm </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  3. Pieces of the Puzzle Data <ul><li>Educational level of parents </li></ul><ul><li>Residential stability </li></ul><ul><li>Family structure </li></ul><ul><li>Racial/ethnic group </li></ul><ul><li>Mother’s age at birth of child </li></ul><ul><li>Home ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Correlation between poverty and human development </li></ul>
  4. Pieces of the Puzzle The Faces of Poverty <ul><li>Other Names for Poverty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Working class poverty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Temporary poverty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Situational poverty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Depression-era poverty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immigrant poverty </li></ul></ul>
  5. Pieces of the Puzzle Types of Poverty <ul><li>Short Term (situational) </li></ul><ul><li>Long Term (generational) </li></ul>
  6. Pieces of the Puzzle Hidden Rules Among Classes <ul><li>Possessions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty – People </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle class – Things </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wealthy – One-of-a-kind objects, antiquities, rare objects, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Money </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty – To use or spend </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle Class – To manage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wealthy – To conserve or invest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taken from Ruby Payne’s A Framework for Understanding Poverty. </li></ul></ul>
  7. Pieces of the Puzzle Hidden Rules Among Classes <ul><li>Social Emphasis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty – Social inclusion of people they like </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle Class – Self governance and self-reliance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wealthy – Social exclusion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty – Casual Register. Language about survival </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle Class – Formal Register – Language about negotiation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wealthy – Formal – Language about networking. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taken from Ruby Payne’s A Framework for Understanding Poverty </li></ul></ul>
  8. Pieces of the Puzzle Hidden Rules Among Classes <ul><li>Family Structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty – Matriarchal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle Class – Patriarchal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wealthy – Depends on who has the money </li></ul></ul><ul><li>World View </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty – Local setting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle Class – Nationalistic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wealthy – International </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taken from Ruby Payne’s A Framework for Understanding Poverty </li></ul></ul>
  9. Pieces of the Puzzle Hidden Rules Among Classes <ul><li>Personality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty – Entertainment, Sense of Humor highly valued. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle Class – Acquisition/Stability, Achievement highly valued. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wealthy – Social networking, financial, social, political connectedness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty – Quantity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle Class – Quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wealthy – Presentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taken from Ruby Payne’s A Framework for Understanding Poverty </li></ul></ul>
  10. Pieces of the Puzzle Hidden Rules Among Classes <ul><li>Love and Acceptance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty – Conditional – Depends on how well you are liked. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle Class – Conditional – Based on achievement. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wealthy – Conditional – Social standing and connectedness. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Driving Force </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty – Survival, relationships, and entertainment. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle Class – Work and achievement. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wealthy – Financial, social, and political connections. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taken from Ruby Payne’s A Framework for Understanding Poverty </li></ul></ul>
  11. Pieces of the Puzzle Hidden Rules Among Classes <ul><li>Time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty – Present most important. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle Class – Future most important. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wealthy – Decisions made based on tradition, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>history, and decorum. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taken from Ruby Payne’s A Framework for Understanding Poverty </li></ul></ul>
  12. Pieces of the Puzzle Hidden Rules Among Classes <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty – Valued in the abstract but not a “reality.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle Class – Means to an end – success, achievement, & money. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wealthy – Necessary tool for maintaining status and social connections. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Destiny/Opportunity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty – Belief in fate. Cannot do much to mitigate chance. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle Class – Believes in choice. Can change due to good choices. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wealthy – Noblesse oblige </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taken from Ruby Payne’s A Framework for Understanding Poverty </li></ul></ul>
  13. Pieces of the Puzzle Impoverished Children’s Views <ul><li>Donna Beegle’s Study (2000) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Participants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers’ attitudes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Potential disabilities ignored </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of personal connection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers contributed to the problem </li></ul></ul>
  14. Pieces of the Puzzle Daily Barriers <ul><li>Value of education </li></ul><ul><li>Self-esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Fitting in </li></ul><ul><li>Classroom environment </li></ul><ul><li>School environment </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Connecting with parents </li></ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul>
  15. Pieces of the Puzzle Early Disadvantages <ul><li>Limited medical care </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prenatal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Childhood </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lack of stimulation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In the home </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of outside experiences </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Childcare </li></ul>
  16. Pieces of the Puzzle Breaking Through the Barriers <ul><li>Some important strategies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expectations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Differences in motivation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Curriculum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mentors </li></ul></ul>
  17. Pieces of the Puzzle WHAT DO YOU THINK THE BOTTOM LINE IS FOR EDUCATORS?
  18. Pieces of the Puzzle The Bottom Line <ul><li>Educators need to care </li></ul><ul><li>Make personal connections </li></ul><ul><li>Be aware </li></ul>
  19. Pieces of the Puzzle References <ul><li>Beegle, D. (2003, October/November). Overcoming the silence of generational poverty. </li></ul><ul><li>Talking Points, 15, 11-20. </li></ul><ul><li>Crain, W. (2005). Theories of development: Concepts and applications (5th Ed) . Upper Saddle </li></ul><ul><li>River, NJ: Prentice Hall. </li></ul><ul><li>Harrington, Michael. The other America . New York, NY: Simon & Schuster, 1962. </li></ul><ul><li>Leidenfrost, Nancy B. (1993). Poverty, an overview and background paper . Washington, DC: </li></ul><ul><li>Extension Service, USDA. </li></ul><ul><li>Mather, J. (Ed.). (2002, February). Children, poverty & schools. Classroom spice. Volume 4. </li></ul><ul><li>Issue 2. Chickasha, OK: USAO Multicultural Resource Center. </li></ul><ul><li>O’Hare, William P. (1996). A new look at poverty in america . Population Bulletin, Vol. 51, </li></ul><ul><li>No.2. </li></ul><ul><li>Payne, R. (2001). A framework for understanding poverty . Highlands, TX: RFT Publishing </li></ul><ul><li>Company. </li></ul><ul><li>Payne, R., Philip, De Vol, P., & Smith T. (2001). Bridges out of poverty: Strategies for </li></ul><ul><li>professionals and communities . Texas: Aha Process Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>Pellino, K. (n.d.), The effects of poverty on teaching and learning. Retrieved June 9, 2006, from </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.teach-nology.com/tutorials/teaching/poverty/print.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Schwartz, T. (2005, Winter). The crossing. Portland Magazine, 31-35 </li></ul>
  20. Pieces of the Puzzle <ul><li>Not just </li></ul><ul><li>The End… </li></ul>
  21. Pieces of the Puzzle <ul><li>… but a new </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning! </li></ul>

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